• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and the mind and body work inde

Extracts from this document...


The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and that the mind and body work independently from each other. Ogden J, (2004) However, for example, in the case of an individual who is suffering from an eating disorder i.e. bulimia, this indicates that there is a clear link between the mind and body due to the sufferer vomiting after ingesting food; therefore resulting in the sufferer being responsible for their physical illness due to psychological illness. The biomedical model also suggests that treatment is to change the physical state of the body and that only the medical profession can treat the sufferer but in this case; this would be very problematic due to the mind causing the physical illness and the sufferer only being treated for the physical symptoms which would therefore result in a reoccurrence of the illness due to the psychological needs of the sufferer being overlooked. ...read more.


Munitz, H et al (datastarweb online 2000), suggests that Engel's psychosocial aspect of the model remains in the dominance of patient and doctor communication and that he was interested in sensitivity and humanity being applied in medicine. The biospychosocial model aims at treating the whole of the individual and not just the physical symptoms. This is through the biological (e.g. viruses, bacteria), psychological (e.g. behaviour) and social (e.g. employment, class) factors that can affect health. Ogden, J (2004). The model aims to give the health professional an holistic view of the individual, therefore making prognosis easier and treatment can be varied through a more humane and emotional approach along side a medical approach. Engel p, (cited in Munitz H, et al datastarweb online 2000) ...read more.


Health psychology can be crucial in the promotion of health by understanding how unhealthy behaviours can contribute to ill health; for example high blood pressure or smoking can be related to a person who has suffered a stroke. The understanding of the individuals 'beliefs' that contribute to unhealthy behaviours would help by targeting the 'belief' to ensure the promotion of health and the prevention of ill health; for example a smoker might 'believe' that a cigarette calms them down and therefore smokes, however it may be the actual taking time out to have a cigarette that helps the individual relax and not the cigarette itself. To aid in the prevention of illness the changing of behaviour and beliefs would be crucial. Health professionals could help aid in the prevention of ill health by helping the individual attend sessions that are individual to them (i.e. stop smoking sessions, counselling or dietary advice), therefore resulting in the promotion of health. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    again symptoms of illness like stomach ache or chest pain, may be actually related to the onset of a chronic or degenerative disease, this may not be apparent for a long period of time e.g.; multiple sclerosis. Social scientist view health and disease as socially constructed by the environment, even

  2. Inter-proffesional Collaboration in Social Work

    they would probably have occurred, the police informed the group about their investigations as well as the social worker giving her own report of the circumstances. Each of these reports were also given to the chairman to be put on file in case they were needed in the future.

  1. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    Walker et al (2004) states the biopsychosocial model is seen as a more comprehensive approach to investigating and treating conditions such as rheumatic arthritis. Whilst on placement on a medical ward a gentleman named Jack, a 38 year old man was brought in to hospital by the police after they found him unconscious with lacerations to his forehead and face.

  2. Compare the Biopsychosocial model with the Health Belief model

    psychological systems like behaviour and then affect our social systems like our family and ecological systems such as other human beings. As shown by Baynard 5 (1996) the three main systems of the Biopsychosocial model (social, psychological and biological factors)

  1. What are the central features of the 'biomedical model' and how does this approach ...

    The individualist health promotion is termed 'the new public health'. Even though it contrasts with the biomedical model in the fact that its emphasis is on prevention rather than curative, it still acknowledges the biological component of a disease. There have been numerous campaigns introduced, for example, the 'life, be

  2. What is Health Psychology?

    The biomedical model has been criticised on several levels, for it focuses entirely on the physical aspects of health and illness and it ignores and fails to develop a model of practice that fully incorporates the important aspects of psychological and social components.

  1. Should an obese individual be treated by the NHS in the same manner a ...

    Additionally there are also factors that can be labelled as the cause, however brings up uncertain, controversial, or unproven effects on bowel cancer. ACS (2011) claims that results of studies suggest that working a night shift at least three nights a month for at least fifteen years may increase bowel cancer in women.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    The suggestions provided by Grant and Booth in 2009, on critical review of literature ? reading and assessing the crucial points of an article, examining the findings of the research study, considering the appropriate criterion for analysing the article and offering critical assessment of the research review depending on the selected criteria, helped in effectively assessing the research study quality.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work