• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and the mind and body work inde

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and that the mind and body work independently from each other. Ogden J, (2004) However, for example, in the case of an individual who is suffering from an eating disorder i.e. bulimia, this indicates that there is a clear link between the mind and body due to the sufferer vomiting after ingesting food; therefore resulting in the sufferer being responsible for their physical illness due to psychological illness. The biomedical model also suggests that treatment is to change the physical state of the body and that only the medical profession can treat the sufferer but in this case; this would be very problematic due to the mind causing the physical illness and the sufferer only being treated for the physical symptoms which would therefore result in a reoccurrence of the illness due to the psychological needs of the sufferer being overlooked. ...read more.

Middle

Munitz, H et al (datastarweb online 2000), suggests that Engel's psychosocial aspect of the model remains in the dominance of patient and doctor communication and that he was interested in sensitivity and humanity being applied in medicine. The biospychosocial model aims at treating the whole of the individual and not just the physical symptoms. This is through the biological (e.g. viruses, bacteria), psychological (e.g. behaviour) and social (e.g. employment, class) factors that can affect health. Ogden, J (2004). The model aims to give the health professional an holistic view of the individual, therefore making prognosis easier and treatment can be varied through a more humane and emotional approach along side a medical approach. Engel p, (cited in Munitz H, et al datastarweb online 2000) ...read more.

Conclusion

Health psychology can be crucial in the promotion of health by understanding how unhealthy behaviours can contribute to ill health; for example high blood pressure or smoking can be related to a person who has suffered a stroke. The understanding of the individuals 'beliefs' that contribute to unhealthy behaviours would help by targeting the 'belief' to ensure the promotion of health and the prevention of ill health; for example a smoker might 'believe' that a cigarette calms them down and therefore smokes, however it may be the actual taking time out to have a cigarette that helps the individual relax and not the cigarette itself. To aid in the prevention of illness the changing of behaviour and beliefs would be crucial. Health professionals could help aid in the prevention of ill health by helping the individual attend sessions that are individual to them (i.e. stop smoking sessions, counselling or dietary advice), therefore resulting in the promotion of health. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    Doctors and specialists who are able to choose the areas they work will more often choose middleclass areas where they will have the advantage of better staff and equipment. Hillary Graham's work on women and smoking suggested that smoking might help women in poverty to cope because it is a

  2. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    impairment at higher BAC levels than those who are light, or inexperienced drinkers'. This adaption is called tolerance (Manzardo 2008). Plant et al states that tolerance is an indication that the alcohol is beginning to take hold of the individual and that the drinker gets used to the effects of intoxication and is more adept at disguising or handling it.

  1. What are the central features of the 'biomedical model' and how does this approach ...

    The individualist health promotion is termed 'the new public health'. Even though it contrasts with the biomedical model in the fact that its emphasis is on prevention rather than curative, it still acknowledges the biological component of a disease. There have been numerous campaigns introduced, for example, the 'life, be

  2. What is Health Psychology?

    The biomedical model has been criticised on several levels, for it focuses entirely on the physical aspects of health and illness and it ignores and fails to develop a model of practice that fully incorporates the important aspects of psychological and social components.

  1. How is illness socially constructed?

    individual restrain a lot of illnesses from being reported by the individual. What one person may define as an illness another may not and therefore will not report to the doctor, whereas others may not. Morbidity figures are simply the illnesses that have been defined by the patient and subsequently the doctor.

  2. PAEDIATRIC FIRST AID

    But should be careful not to over-cool the child. * Sponge the child's skin with 'tepid water' to help cooling e.g start at his forehead and work it down the body * Once the seizures have stopped, I will keep the airway open by placing the child in the recovering position.

  1. Should an obese individual be treated by the NHS in the same manner a ...

    The study literatures suggest that this may be due to the changes in levels of melatonin (a hormone in the body that responds to the changes in light) in the body. However there is not enough evidence to prove it.

  2. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    Literature with traumatic spinal cord injuries. This usually lead to spinal injuries requiring long term rehabilitation 2. Literature with patient education. To compare general patient education strategies with spinal injuries. 3. Literature with teaching and learning in health care settings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work