• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and the mind and body work inde

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and that the mind and body work independently from each other. Ogden J, (2004) However, for example, in the case of an individual who is suffering from an eating disorder i.e. bulimia, this indicates that there is a clear link between the mind and body due to the sufferer vomiting after ingesting food; therefore resulting in the sufferer being responsible for their physical illness due to psychological illness. The biomedical model also suggests that treatment is to change the physical state of the body and that only the medical profession can treat the sufferer but in this case; this would be very problematic due to the mind causing the physical illness and the sufferer only being treated for the physical symptoms which would therefore result in a reoccurrence of the illness due to the psychological needs of the sufferer being overlooked. ...read more.

Middle

Munitz, H et al (datastarweb online 2000), suggests that Engel's psychosocial aspect of the model remains in the dominance of patient and doctor communication and that he was interested in sensitivity and humanity being applied in medicine. The biospychosocial model aims at treating the whole of the individual and not just the physical symptoms. This is through the biological (e.g. viruses, bacteria), psychological (e.g. behaviour) and social (e.g. employment, class) factors that can affect health. Ogden, J (2004). The model aims to give the health professional an holistic view of the individual, therefore making prognosis easier and treatment can be varied through a more humane and emotional approach along side a medical approach. Engel p, (cited in Munitz H, et al datastarweb online 2000) ...read more.

Conclusion

Health psychology can be crucial in the promotion of health by understanding how unhealthy behaviours can contribute to ill health; for example high blood pressure or smoking can be related to a person who has suffered a stroke. The understanding of the individuals 'beliefs' that contribute to unhealthy behaviours would help by targeting the 'belief' to ensure the promotion of health and the prevention of ill health; for example a smoker might 'believe' that a cigarette calms them down and therefore smokes, however it may be the actual taking time out to have a cigarette that helps the individual relax and not the cigarette itself. To aid in the prevention of illness the changing of behaviour and beliefs would be crucial. Health professionals could help aid in the prevention of ill health by helping the individual attend sessions that are individual to them (i.e. stop smoking sessions, counselling or dietary advice), therefore resulting in the promotion of health. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our University Degree Healthcare section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related University Degree Healthcare essays

  1. What are the central features of the 'biomedical model' and how does this approach ...

    In extreme cases, surgery might even be an option. The individualist health promotion model deals with obesity by campaigning to prevent obesity before it occurs. This model will campaign to eat healthy foods, to exercise regularly, to watch your own weight and read food labels to avoid unhealthy foods.

  2. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    Jack also suffers from low self esteem due to not having much confidence in himself and from the negativity in his life, this has contributed to Jack having feelings of hopelessness and feeling helpless which could be a contributory factor for his depression, this in turn can lead to a theory called "Learned Helplessness".

  1. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    the lower class is caught in an never ending circle where each problem contributes to another and so lifestyles tend to stay the same. This diminishes hope and limits choices causing a threat to health. The lower classes also have the worst facilities of health care.

  2. Compare the Biopsychosocial model with the Health Belief model

    can be used to understand a problem like stress. A person could be under stress at work or home (social systems) which could result in a change of behaviour emotionally or rationally (psychological system) and in turn their blood pressure could be raised increasing the risk of a heart attack (biological systems)

  1. How is illness socially constructed?

    theory and its influence on the dominance of people's perceptions of health and illness. Senior and Viveash (1998) claim the medical model of health rose to dominance prior to the 16th century when women and the voluntary sector catered for illness.

  2. Inter-proffesional Collaboration in Social Work

    When we had been put into these groups we were given the task of naming the group and drawing up a list of ground rules for the group to follow that we all agreed on. Two of the key rules were that we decided were very important were good communication

  1. Review of Factors Influencing Successful Patient Education in a Rehab Unit for Spinal Cord ...

    Cost is one of the crucial issues in patient education, more specifically for patients with the chronic spinal cord injuries. This is because the treatment period appears to be too long and may be even life-threatening. Though, cost and income are interrelated, the health care costs must not become an

  2. Should an obese individual be treated by the NHS in the same manner a ...

    Therefore identifying families with these inherited syndromes is very important as it allows doctors recommend specific steps, such as screening and other preventive measures. (ACS, 2011) also reported that Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and MUTYH-associated polyposis are two inherited genes that can cause bowel cancer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work