The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and the mind and body work inde

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

The biomedical model of health states that the individual is not responsible for their illness and that the mind and body work independently from each other. Ogden J, (2004) However, for example, in the case of an individual who is suffering from an eating disorder i.e. bulimia, this indicates that there is a clear link between the mind and body due to the sufferer vomiting after ingesting food; therefore resulting in the sufferer being responsible for their physical illness due to psychological illness. The biomedical model also suggests that treatment is to change the physical state of the body and that only the medical profession can treat the sufferer but in this case; this would be very problematic due to the mind causing the physical illness and the sufferer only being treated for the physical symptoms which would therefore result in a reoccurrence of the illness due to the psychological needs of the sufferer being overlooked.

Middle

Munitz, H et al (datastarweb online 2000), suggests that Engel's psychosocial aspect of the model remains in the dominance of patient and doctor communication and that he was interested in sensitivity and humanity being applied in medicine. The biospychosocial model aims at treating the whole of the individual and not just the physical symptoms. This is through the biological (e.g. viruses, bacteria), psychological (e.g. behaviour) and social (e.g. employment, class) factors that can affect health. Ogden, J (2004). The model aims to give the health professional an holistic view of the individual, therefore making prognosis easier and treatment can be varied through a more humane and emotional approach along side a medical approach. Engel p, (cited in Munitz H, et al datastarweb online 2000)

Conclusion

Health psychology can be crucial in the promotion of health by understanding how unhealthy behaviours can contribute to ill health; for example high blood pressure or smoking can be related to a person who has suffered a stroke. The understanding of the individuals 'beliefs' that contribute to unhealthy behaviours would help by targeting the 'belief' to ensure the promotion of health and the prevention of ill health; for example a smoker might 'believe' that a cigarette calms them down and therefore smokes, however it may be the actual taking time out to have a cigarette that helps the individual relax and not the cigarette itself. To aid in the prevention of illness the changing of behaviour and beliefs would be crucial. Health professionals could help aid in the prevention of ill health by helping the individual attend sessions that are individual to them (i.e. stop smoking sessions, counselling or dietary advice), therefore resulting in the promotion of health.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

Related University Degree Healthcare

  1. How is illness socially constructed?

    A whole new set of vocabulary was set up to describe illnesses and conditions which are still in existence and usually only understood by professional medics. This in a way gives knowledge hence power to the professionals over those lay people.

  2. The aim of this assignment is to critically evaluate the biopsychosocial perspectives and influences ...

    After being kicked out of the family home Jack went on to meet his wife, they were married for about 10 years in the meantime having 2 children, he had cut down his alcohol intake during his married years but when the marriage started to deteriorate he started depending on

  1. Inter-proffesional Collaboration in Social Work

    members were quite happy to sit back, let us do all the work and take the credit for our efforts. As you can see, my experience of working in an action learning set was not a happy one, and this disappointed me as I had been looking forward to working

  2. What are the central features of the 'biomedical model' and how does this approach ...

    The individualist health promotion is termed 'the new public health'. Even though it contrasts with the biomedical model in the fact that its emphasis is on prevention rather than curative, it still acknowledges the biological component of a disease. There have been numerous campaigns introduced, for example, the 'life, be

  1. Mental Health and Helping Skills.

    Discuss with Joanne, the issues highlighted in the questionnaire. Following the use of the EPDS questionnaire, it was apparent that Joanne was suffering from post-natal depression. Having explained my role to Joanne and how I would support her, I explained that I needed to inform her G.P, my CPT and discuss the situation with the counsellor, based at the clinic, Joanne then asked about anti-depressants.

  2. Concepts of health disease and illness.

    When trying to define health it is important to look at the different aspects and influences on health such as; * Physical Health-to do with the body as whole * Mental Health-to do with your state of mind and ability to be able to perceive and think clearly * Emotional

  1. Should an obese individual be treated by the NHS in the same manner a ...

    MUTYH-associated polyposis, is a syndrome in which colon polyps develops and becomes cancerous if the colon is not removed. This gene is caused by mutations in the gene MUTYH. Lastly an unchangeable factor that causes bowel cancer is an individualâs racial and ethnical background.

  2. What is Health Psychology?

    Shirrefs (1982) informs us that a study by American experts concluded that 50% of present mortality rates were due to unhealthy behaviour. Therefore as psychology is the science of behaviour and behaviour change, it is clear why Bishop (1994) states, "the fact that the major health problems of our time

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.