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Development, Progress, and Theme of Renaissance Art

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Evan Horowitz Block 6 September 11, 2002 Development, Progress, and Theme of Renaissance Art The term Renaissance, indicating the period from the late 14th to the late 16th century, comes from the French word for rebirth, refers to a revival of the values and artistic styles of ancient Greece and Rome. The movement started in Italy. Italian scholars and critics of this period proclaimed that their age had progressed beyond the barbarism of the Middle Ages. Initially Florence was the center for Renaissance Art. It is best seen in the architecture. Classical buildings are clearly different from the Gothic of the later Middle Ages. Brunelleschi was the first architect to work in a style that can be called Renaissance. In the architecture we notice the more peaceful and balanced beauty of the classical architecture compared with the chaotic excitement of Gothic art. Rounded Roman arches replace the pointed Gothic ones; restful and calmer horizontal lines replace the vertical lines of Gothic architecture. ...read more.


The feeling of space and depth found in his frescoes and the naturalness and humanity of the religious figures he painted greatly influenced the Renaissance painters who followed him. Masaccio's most famous work, 'The Tribute Money', is found in the frescoes for the Brancacci Chapel in the Church of the Carmine in Florence. Florence continued to be the center of Renaissance art throughout the 15th century. Several great artists worked there during this period such as Botticelli, Piero della Francesca, and Uccello. Roma and Venice begin to rival Florence in the 1500s. Renaissance ideas were spread by traveling artists, by wealthy people commissioning works by foreign artists, and by the invention of engravings. Albrecht Durer was the first to represent the richness of the Italian Renaissance in engravings. The period from 1500 through 1520 was called the High Renaissance. During these years Renaissance art reached its peak. ...read more.


He painted bodies to perfect proportions, making the human body look more like God like figures. Another one of Michelangelo's great work of art is his statue of David. He created a 14-foot high statue out of a 50-year-old piece of marble. Michelangelo's David proudly proclaims the beauty of the human body and the glory of the human being. Architecture was also evident during the High Middle Ages. Donato Bramante created the great architecture design of the Tempietto, of (little temple). A dome to form a monumental and harmonious whole enclosed the temples columns surrounding a sanctuary. As the fifteenth century came to an end such individuals as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael were no longer seen as artists. They were seen as artistic geniuses, they were the heroes, which were praised for their creativity. As the society valued their creative geniuses, the artists of the High Renaissance were the first to become known as the modern concept of the artist. ...read more.

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