• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cultural Achievements of the Italian Renaissance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cultural Achievements of the Italian Renaissance. Humanism was a key movement in the Renaissance and had a major influence on the cultural changes and achievements. Humanists studied history; they were particularly interested in Ancient Greek and Roman civilisation, and classical works, as well as in contemporary history and politics. Although the Humanists were Catholic, their ideas were more secular - "learning emerged from the cloister... to rejoin the human mainstream." The humanist ideas soon spread into the classroom. Previously, learning had been ecclesiastical - theocracy and theology were taught a lot - but during the Renaissance, learning became more secular. It was based upon classical culture so students studied classical authors, philosophers and mathematicians, for example: Ovia, Cicero, Livy, Plato and Aristotle. More progress could be made now that learning was not entirely based upon the church. Ideas soon spread due to the invention of the printing press in Germany in 1469; an ability to communicate to the masses quickly and reliably was a major cultural achievement. ...read more.

Middle

orators and historians". The Renaissance was only able to happen due to the large sums of money in Italy at the time. The Arts had many rich patrons such as the Church, the guilds, local governments and councils, courts and individuals (such as the Medici family of Florence). The Church frowned upon those whose job involved making an excess profit out of people; this applied to many trades in the Renaissance, including banking. In an attempt to be forgiven, the rich tradesmen would offer to pay for a new work of art (for example, a new chapel) for the Church. Naturally, the Church did not object to this, and so many beautiful pieces of art were created. As well as "devotion to God", other reasons why so much money was spent on art were because it could be a way of boasting about how much money you had, and showing pride, glory and honour, and then more simply, for pleasure, and because it was "money well spent". ...read more.

Conclusion

He was commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in Rome (between 1508 - 1512). He also created the marble statue of David (Renaissance sculptors copied the style of Ancient Rome by using marble as their material). Architecture also copied the classical Roman building styles. Humanism also had an affect on music. Music moved away from Catholicism: composers wrote both sacred and secular music, and hymns were no longer always written in Latin - they had more appeal to the public when written in their own national language which they could understand. Patrons decided that they wanted music for entertainment purposes, and hymns became a lot more cheerful, some of the underlying melodies actually originating from ditties that had been heard in the local public house! During the Renaissance, the past (specifically during the times of Ancient Greece and Rome) was studied in detail; after rediscovering the past, we could move on, having achieved many things culturally: new inventions, new methods and most importantly - new ideas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Art & Design section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Art & Design essays

  1. Isabella D'este - Renaissance patron

    Her grotta on the other hand contained many Greek and Latin Manuscripts alongside of French and Spanish romances. The studiolo and grotta were two different worlds for Isabella. Her grotta was a barrel-vaulted space built below the studiolo and although she did continue her collection through out both rooms, the

  2. To what extent did the context and achievement of the Northern Renaissance differ to ...

    the prosperity of their already successful cities, whilst the Northern Renaissance relied almost entirely on guilds and the late medieval courts run by dukes. These settings greatly affected the subject matter of the fine arts produced; the North had scenes of court life, for example Jan van Eyck's Virgin of

  1. The Italian Renaissance.

    This is since he had worked in a variety of areas ; working on sculpture , painting and architecture . This is whilst , the artist Raphael had brought deep meaning to his paintings and attractive impact to his works which not only broadcasted much colour but had also forced out much peace and amazing beauty .

  2. The Baroque and the Renaissance Eras: Two of the few portals of open thought

    During these times, the outlook of many artists in that area underwent changes. The social status of artists changed as well in these times. The artists were developed into two contrasting personality types - the person of the world and the solitary genius.

  1. Bhajan Hunjan has made continuous prints in respond to ideas of homeland, nation and ...

    "When I look at myself in the mirror, I'm also looking at my ancestral women; they've always been very strong, independent women, open to influences."

  2. It is logical to begin with Giotto di Bondone, perhaps the most famous of ...

    However, Giotto was from the Mugello a mountainous area in the north of Tuscany, so it is possible his rocky hills relate to this landscape. The trees are sometimes an effort at naturalism and at others are symbolic, as in The Lamentation where the dead tree on the right symbolizes

  1. The Renaissance began in Italy during the 1400s, a period of time called the ...

    Medici's wealth continued to support arts and learning even after his death through the efforts of his children and grandchildren. As was the case with most of Europe, in Florence, the guild structure was very important to practitioners of art and culture.

  2. To what extent did the context and achievements of the Northern Renaissance differ from ...

    This is reflected in the amount of paintings that contain views of the cities and its great landmarks. " Virgin Among Virgins in a Rose Garden," has a beautiful and glorifying portrait of Bruges as its background and includes the cities landmarks; the Church of Notre Dame and the town Belfry, both that demonstrate local urban pride.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work