• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Business OPEC

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Factors and processes affecting employee motivation in an organisation All individuals work for a reason. These reasons could vary from person to person. Some of them could apply to all workers, such as the need to earn money. However, some reasons have more importance to certain individuals as compared to others. Employees have needs; needs that have to be satisfied by the employer in order to get the maximum effort out of his workers. If their needs are not satisfied, then they will not be "motivated" to work. Motivation refers to the willingness of an individual to work. In the short run, lack of motivation can lead to lack of commitment and reduced efforts on behalf of the employees. Several theories have been presented by logicians addressing the factors that affect the motivation levels of different individuals. We will be evaluating the effectiveness of these theories below. Frederick W. Taylor set out a theory of scientific management. He believed workers were being inefficient by adopting their own methods of working and that the employers were not aware of what motivated their employees. He attempted to bridge the gap between the managers and the employees with his theory. He carried out several experiments in which he observed workers and timed their method of operation. He then isolated the one that took the least time and was most efficient. Employees were then trained to follow that method alone and all the employers had to do was supervise them to make sure they were doing the tasks in the set time period and were abiding by the method that they had been trained for. ...read more.

Middle

However, it can also be an esteem need as having money is a status symbol as well. Therefore, this theory of motivation might not be as effective. Taylor's theory had seemed quite feasible to most industries at the first glance and thus came the introduction of the Hawthorne studies. Elton Mayo initially started conducting experiments on the basis of Taylor's theory of scientific management - workers' productivity is affected by financial motivators. However, he discovered that changing the working conditions in whichever way and even bringing those back to the original ones had the same effect on productivity. This was known as the Hawthorne Effect. Elton Mayo then concluded that changes in financial factors as well as working conditions had little or no effect on employee motivation. It was the cohesion and communication amongst the employees and their peers as well as the interest shown by the employers' in their work that motivated them to work together and hence increase productivity. This is why Elton Mayo supported the human relations theory where he stated that in order for employees to be motivated and to work effectively, it is essential that they gain 'personal satisfaction'. On the employer's behalf, this can be achieved by communicating with informal work groups and making sure that the employees' objectives coincide with their own. Generally, people tend to be highly motivated to perform a certain task when they have had a certain say in the decision-making process as well. ...read more.

Conclusion

This keeps him motivated. On the other hand, job enlargement involves giving an employee more work to do of a similar nature. For example, one of my friends works at a bicycle industry. Instead of just putting the wheels on the bicycles, which is what he usually does, he is allowed to put the entire product together. Apart from financial benefits, workers can be motivated through fringe benefits as well. These are payments other than wages or salaries. They can include private medical insurance, expense accounts, company cars, bonus schemes etc. Providing fringe benefits is actually cheaper at times to employers. Even employees might prefer to receive benefits rather than pay. Despite their benefits, they can even cause status problems. Overall, there are plenty of motivation theories given by different logicians. All of them provide their own form of evidence to support their claims. Therefore, keeping everything in view, we can safely state that non-financial motivators have a higher level of success as compared to financial motivators. They have their own place and may remove negative motivation but they might not encourage workers to increase productivity. On the other hand non-financial motivators play a bigger role in employee motivation. They help employees to adjust to working conditions and produce the optimum output by reaching their full potential. All the motivation theories have certain limitations which have been stated in their evaluation. Therefore, employers need to understand that motivation is a key factor to satisfied employees and increased productivity and thus they must concentrate their efforts greatly on the motivation levels of their workforce. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Marketing & Research section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Marketing & Research essays

  1. BTEC BUSINESS UNIT 2

    The amendments are sending to the London design team to make the welcome packs look enhanced on their Apple iMacs so that the new colleagues will think that the business is modern and will recommend to other people. This will make other people outside of the business want to come and check the stores out.

  2. Describe the Social Implications of Business Ethics Facing A Selected Business In

    A counter argument to this statement is that in order for scientists to find cures to medical diseases there must be some way for them to be able to test the products without using illegal methods such as trialling them on humans.

  1. Business Studies Company Profile

    There is a possible weakness in that this culture is more harmony orientated and not task orientated, so more time is spent making sure the team is okay and not making sure that tasks and instructions are being completed. Role culture.

  2. Mcdonalds. For this unit I will need to produce a portfolio of work investigating ...

    This case was taken to court but was refused even though it gave McDonalds a bad reputation. Thinking about obesity and the blame on McDonalds products, the one thing that should be taken into mind is that it's the persons own responsibility to take care of them selves and not the societies.

  1. Unit 2 Investigating business

    * Shareholders A stakeholder is any party that has an interest in an organization. Stakeholders of a company include stockholders, bondholders, customers, suppliers, employees, and so forth. Source (http://www.yourdictionary.com/business/stakeholder) The stakeholders have a specific interest in the business and the outcome/success/failure of what they are doing.

  2. Applied Business Studies

    does not appeal to me, and I feel that it sounds like an actual theatre. I don't think that I will be choosing this. Now I will start verifying the names on the National Business Register. Actors Vision There are no other businesses that share the same name as the 'Actors Vision'.

  1. GLOBAL STEEL INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT

    The Working Group on Capacity, established during the third High Level Meeting, will monitor these market forecasts. Future Prospects With the onset of liberalisation, the steel industry has to gear up, not only to meet domestic competition, but also the global competition in terms of product range, quality and price.

  2. Applied Business Unit 2 Coursework

    The business advisors job advert was the second best as it complied with most of the essential criteria. The only bad thing about this particular job advert is that it does not have a logo. This lets the appearance of the advert down.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work