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Cell Production

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Introduction

Quality Assurance Quality standard applied to processes. Under BS 5750 a company sets quality targets, and monitors performance against those targets. The level of quality guaranteed by the BS 5750 certificate therefore depends on the level at which a company sets its quality targets. Once acknowledged as the industry standard in the UK, BS 5750 has been somewhat superseded by ISO 9000. ISO 9000 offers consistency, not quality ISO 9000 is a family of standards for quality management systems. ISO 9000 is maintained by ISO, the International Organization for Standardization and is administered by accreditation and certification bodies. Some of the requirements in ISO 9001 (which is one of the standards in the ISO 9000 family) include * A set of procedures that cover all key processes in the business; * Monitoring processes to ensure they are effective; * Keeping adequate records; * Checking output for defects, with appropriate corrective action where necessary; * Regularly reviewing individual processes and the quality system itself for effectiveness; and * Facilitating continual improvement A company or organization that has been independently audited and certified to be in conformance with ISO 9001 may publicly state that it is "ISO 9001 certified" or "ISO 9001 registered." ...read more.

Middle

An inpendant assessor assesses them. After obtaining the award, businesses are visited at regular intervals to ensure compliance. It is necessary that everyone in the organisation follows the processes out-lined in the quality manual. Firms who have registered say that it has provided a range of benefits to the business. These include: * Increased competitions * Increase customer satisfaction * Less waste * Cost savings * Fewer mistakes * Increased efficiency * Better motivated employees * Improved communications * Increase profits CELL PRODUCTION Cell production: the whole production line of, say, 1000 units may be divided into 100 cells each producing 10 units, or at least a particular section of the product. This encourages teamwork and staff can see the end product of their work. Cell production In traditional production, products were manufactured in separate areas (each with a responsibility for a different part of the manufacturing process) and many workers would work on their own, as on a production line. In cell production, workers are organised into multi-skilled teams. Each team is responsible for a particular part of the production process including quality control and health and safety. ...read more.

Conclusion

Benefits of cell production * Closeness of cell members should improve communication, avoiding confusion arising from misunderstood or non-received messages * Workers become multi-skilled and more adaptable to the future needs of a business * Greater worker motivation, arising from variety of work, team working and more responsibility * Quality improvements as each cell has 'ownership' for quality on its area Evaluation Lean production and cell production can be very effective approaches to improving efficiency in a wide range of businesses. Some possible notes of caution: * The company culture has to encourage trust and participation, or workers can feel that they are being constantly pushed for more and more output with no respite * The company may have to invest in new materials handling and ordering systems suitable for cell production * Cell production may not allow a firm to use its machinery as intensively as in traditional flow production * Some small scale production lines may not yield enough savings to make a switch cell production economically worthwhile * The allocation of work to cells has to be efficient so that they have enough work, but not so much that they are unable to cope * Recruitment and training of staff must support this approach to production. ...read more.

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