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Matrix Organisational Structure

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The Matrix Structure Sometimes an organisation needs to run according to what projects they have to do. In these situations people usually work together in a team to achieve their projects goals. A person working on a project would have two bosses, the boss of the department that they work in and the leader or manager of the particular project that they are working on at the moment. A project may cover some or all of the organisations departmental areas. For example in the aerospace industry (manufacture and development of aeroplanes and spacecraft) the government might ask for a space shuttle type aircraft to be developed and manufactured. Another government department might ask for a spacecraft to go to Mars. ...read more.


For example some large 'fast food' chains often work in this way with a head office and suburban branches which are run by a "manager". The head office provides services and support but is not closely involved in the day to day running of the branch. While the branch manager does have scope to make decisions this is limited as compared to a completely separate business. Functional Structure In this type of organisational structure the division of work is the most important part. Jobs and activities are grouped together. This is called departmentation. This is a very popular model. This structure may be varied in a number of ways. Division by Product or Service. Here the organisation is divided up according to the product (such as in a supermarket - toiletries, fruit and vegetables, etc.) ...read more.


The General structure. One of the ways in which we can explain the structure of an organisation is through an organisational chart. This charts usually show the title of each managers position and using connecting lines show who is accountable to whom and who has responsibility for which department. It doesn't tell you everything about the organisation such as the communication channels and liaising between departments but it is a useful conceptual tool so that one can think of the organisation as a whole and understand how all its parts fit together. Towards the top of the structure is usually centred most of the power while as we move down through the structure there is less authority and status. ...read more.

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