• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Organisatioal Structures

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Bruce Sloan BTEC National Certificate in ICT Systems Support Business Information Systems Assignment 1 - Organisational Structures 1)i) The two main types of business organisational structures are: * Centralised * Decentralised ii) The business organisational structure that would provide the most error-free communication to and from management would generally be the centralised structure. A decentralised structure is loosely controlled and is usually largely autonomous, whereas a centralised structure has little freedom of action and is under strong control. This allows management to keep a firm grasp on what is happening within the business, thus keeping communication as error-free a possible. Centralised organisations rely on a governance structure where information management reports up through a single chain of command. Decentralised organisations, on the other hand, distribute the management of information through a multitude of functional and regional command chains. 2)i) Functional areas that would be found within a service organisation would most likely include the following: * Human Resources ( core function) * Purchasing ( operational function) * Order Processing ( operational function) * Quality Assurance ( operational function) An operational function is an area of the business that either directly interacts with the customer or is involved with producing the service/product. ...read more.

Middle

Each Tesco store will have its own store manager, who makes decisions concerning their store and no one else's. It is then the store managers' responsibility to report to the regional manager. This is important, as aspects such as demand for certain products and population etc will differ across the country. Being decentralised, this allows each regional or store manager to produce targets etc which are achievable to their store. Allowing empowerment to other employees down the organisational structure allows senior managers to concentrate on the most important decisions. Tesco not only provide a supermarket chain, but also many types of insurance, credit cards, loans, breakdown, savings, internet, phones etc. It is important that senior managers spread themselves across all aspects of the business, which decentralisation allows. Empowerment also enables departments and their employees to respond faster to changes and new challenges, whereas it may take senior managers longer to appreciate that business needs have changed. Orange: Orange is also a company that is expanding into other areas. Primarily, Orange are a mobile phone network provider, although are now integrating into broadband and looking into TV. ...read more.

Conclusion

High value data would cause problems if lost, or even used by a competitor as this would mean that business objectives might have to be raised to ensure the organisation is still one step ahead. Other problems could arise if vertically upwards data such as costs etc were damaged or corrupted as this would make objectives difficult to make in the first place, thus making them inaccurate. For these reasons, businesses might put security measures into place. Vertically downwards information such as specifications are just as important for meeting business objectives and need to be transported securely. Timeliness is another large factor organisations need to take into consideration in order to achieve business objectives. Within a manufacturing organisation, the marketplace can change rapidly and so it is essential for important types of information to be passed on quickly. This can start at the bottom of the organisation i.e. processing customer orders quickly will increase customer satisfaction, which is usually one of the main objectives for an organisation. Another important example is marketing, which would need all relevant information as soon as possible in order to provide an efficient marketing plan. Marketing is very important in order to raise public awareness of a product and would come highly in an organisations business objectives. ?? ?? ?? ?? COMPANY CONFIDENTIAL ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level ICT in Business section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level ICT in Business essays

  1. For my business report I am investigating the Co-op erative society supermarket.

    these are: * Sales promotion * Advertising Sales promotion: Sales promotion can sometimes be mistaken as advertising but is actually different but the objectives of these two functions are the same the difference is that sales promotion involves some form of incentive wherein the customers can sample products.

  2. Business Aims and Objectives.

    Union representatives take part in a range of activities. They negotiate pay rates and pay rises for staff with management and recommend improvements at work. They are also involved in health and safety issues and improvements in the workplace. They take part in any discussions relating to redundancy to ensure a fair policy.

  1. In this assignment I am going to produce a detailed business report on a ...

    These upgrade technologies have improved Tesco's status in the market share and sale. �Analysis how the Organisational Structure, culture and management style of the business affects its Performance and operation and helps to meet its objectives Organisation structure, culture and management style of Tesco affects its performance and operation and helps it meet its objectives.

  2. Business report on Marks and Spencer.

    This is because they do not have to send staff away on training courses because they can use the hardware the company already has to train them. The major benefit to the people being trained is the convenience; as they do not have to travel away and can learn in there own time.

  1. In this coursework I need to produce a detailed business report on one medium-sized ...

    driven or customer orientated, task culture, competitive culture, innovative culture and positive culture. It is often said that in business "the customer is King" and this is very true of Tesco, which operates in a very competitive market. It must be very heavily customer orientated as satisfied customers will usually regularly return, but dissatisfied customers may not ....

  2. customer service with in Sainsbury

    By looking at both of the policies and reading information on the websites, I can tell that Sainsbury follows the Sales of Goods Act (SGA) 1979 and Sale and Supply of Goods Act (SSGA) 1994. After given the right to sell products to customers by SGA they than makes sure

  1. Customer Service

    A place where they can seat and eat their food. Older people prefer to eat in a quiet place while younger people like to listen to the music while they are eating and this is why there is background music playing in Bromley McDonald's because it is mostly visited by young people.

  2. The Use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) And International Technology Transfer by Non-Governmental ...

    Apart from the UNEP's activities in its 'home' continent, several bilateral programmes have been developed between countries. Such countries as the united states of American, Germany, the Netherlands, the united kingdom, France and Sweden to help individual organization within Africa countries use GIS and related technology to monitor/ manage their environment (hostage and Clark, 1991)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work