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Why is there a Need to Vaccinate Infants and Travellers?

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Introduction

Angela Carpenter Why is there a Need to Vaccinate Infants and Travellers? Vaccinations are given in infancy and to travellers against various diseases that can kill but are preventable due to the modernisation of medicine. I have put together a brief over view of the need to administer such vaccines. The disease's that are vaccinated against in infancy are: diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, hib, measles, mumps, rubella and tuberculosis. Diphtheria is a serious disease that begins with a sore throat and can quickly cause breathing problems. It can damage the heart and nervous system and, in severe cases, it can kill. ...read more.

Middle

Measles, mumps and rubella are all very infectious diseases; they are not serious in themselves but can lead to very serious complications. The vaccinations are given though out infancy and childhood to prepare the immune system against any possible outbreak of these potentially fatal diseases. Vaccinations involve an injection of, in most cases, an attenuated version of the bacterium or virus. This causes the lymph nodes to produce antibodies to fight the bacterium or virus even though they do not cause any serious symptoms. The idea is that if and when a child comes into contact with any of these diseases then the body will recognise the bacterium or virus and immediately be able to produce the specific antibody to stop the disease from developing. ...read more.

Conclusion

It depends on the area in which you are travelling to as to what exactly you need to be vaccinated for. There is no vaccine for malaria and the main defence travellers have from it, is avoiding mosquito bites in the first place! The anti-malarial tablets need to be taken at least 1 week in advance and for up to 4 weeks after vacations in infected area. It is very important to keep up to date with vaccinations; whether it is in infancy or when travelling; there has to be a high uptake of the programme other wise there will be epidemics of disease that will kill our children. Reference: NHS immunisation information booklet. 2004. department of health publications. http://www.dh.gov.uk/PolicyAndGuidance/HealthAdviceForTravellers/fs/en ...read more.

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