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Within the adult branch of nursing the information system that is predominantly used within ward settings is P.A.S., (Patient Administration System). This system holds details about patients such as their name and address, their age, their GP,

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Introduction

Confidentiality and Security Within the adult branch of nursing the information system that is predominantly used within ward settings is P.A.S., (Patient Administration System). This system holds details about patients such as their name and address, their age, their GP, their next of kin and contact details for them, and if the patient is currently in hospital it provides staff with information about which ward they are admitted onto, this is what is referred to as 'sensitive personal data' in part 1 of the Data Protection Act (1998). The system is also useful because it contains ward information and provides bed managers with information about which patients are where. Finally this is also the system that you need to access to print off patient addressographs. The three aspects of security that this assignment will discuss, with regards to PAS are confidentiality/data security, integrity and availability. Confidentiality is a fundamental part of the nurse-patient relationship (Kenworthy, Snowley and Gilling (1996)) and by law any information given to a nurse should not be passed on to a third party without consent (part 2 of the Data Protection Act (1998)), this states that the data controller (who is in this case the nurse) ...read more.

Middle

When looking at Martin's, (1973), definition of privacy, which states it is the right of individuals and organisations to determine for themselves when, how and to what extent information about them is transmitted to others it can be seen that PAS is floored because all of the patients vital information is in one place, which makes it accessible to all who are able to access the system. This could be a problem because the patient might be happy for the doctors and nurses who are directly caring for them to see the information but not wish technical staff to see all of it, or they might be happy for the doctors to see information about the condition that they are treating but not see any information that is stored for other doctors. An example of this would be a psychiatric patient not wishing the medical doctors or GP to have access to information about their mental illness. Moving on to confidentiality, which Martin (1973) defines as the trust placed in individuals to whom information is disclosed that the privacy of the information will be respected and the information will be used only for the purpose for which it was collected. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ways of ensuring integrity of data involve asking patients to inform us of any change to address or personal information and finally by checking that the information is still correct on each admission to hospital. Reference List � Ball, M, Hannah, K. (1985) Using Computers in Nursing. Reston Publishing Company, Inc. Virginia. � Government. (1998). Data Protection Act, Chapter 29. Internet WWW page at (Accessed 19.08.02) � Kenworthy, N. Snowley, G. Gilling, C. (1996) Common Foundation Studies in Nursing. 2nd Ed. Churchill Livingstone. London. � Martin, I, (1973). Design of Man Computer Dialogues. Englewood Cliffs. New Jersey. Cited in Ball, M., Hannah, K. (1985) Using Computers in Nursing. Reston Publishing Company, Inc. Virginia. � United Kingdom Central Council for Nursing, Midwifery and Health Visiting. (1992) The Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses, Midwives and Health Visitors. UKCC. London. � Waite, M., (Ed) (1998) Oxford Colour Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Oxford. � Westin, A. (1976). Computers, Health Records, and Citizen Rights. Government Printing Office. Washington DC. Cited in Ball, M., Hannah, K. (1985) Using Computers in Nursing. Reston Publishing Company, Inc. Virginia. Whieldon, D. (1979). 'How much does privacy cost?' Computer Decisions (August): 54-56. Cited in Ball, M., Hannah, K. (1985) Using Computers in Nursing. Reston Publishing Company, Inc. Virginia. ...read more.

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