• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Smart Cards "

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Smart Cards " Introduction: Smart Cards are being extensively used in various fields of life. It has provided customers with the ease of mobility while carrying their personal details with them in an extremely secure manner. Smart Cards have been implemented initially as pre-paid phone cards and picked up trends to be used for e-commerce today. Today I will present the basic structure of a smart card, it's uses, security feature, and the various benefits customers can enjoy. What Is A Smart Card? Smart Cards can be thought of being a specialized form of computing that are plastic cards same in size and shape as that of a credit card with an integrated microprocessor and memory. History Of Smart Cards: Smart cards can be traced back to 1968 when using plastic cards as the carrier of microchips was first developed by the German inventors Jurgen Dethloff and Helmut Grotrupp .Two years later, in 1970, Kunitaka Arimura developed a similar application. Then in 1980 Smart Cards were introduced in Europe for pre-paid phone cash. When a customer purchased this pre-paid phone card, it contained the total amount of "cash" available against which calls could be made. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand normal credit cards have to be secured from scratches and being tempered. The chip also has a unique chip serial no. which identifies the make, type, production date for the chip. ? Personal information is read/write protected: Any sensitive data stored on the smart card is permanently burnt into the microprocessor chip and safe from modification. This is called non-volatile data. ? Data is secure using encryption/decryption: Various encryption and decryption codes are used to encode/decode data when storing it in smart card. This stores data in a secret form so that it cannot be understood and used unless the decryption code is known. ? Capable of storing temporary modifiable information: Smart cards are also provided with a modifiable memory storage, which can store temporary details. This is updated each time the card is used. Hence a card can receive , process and send information as and when required by the processing application. ? It can process information: Smart cards are capable of processing information. Banking transactions use details from stored on the smart card, process it during application execution and then update details on the smart card. The processing of data is done in a temporary storage called volatile memory, which is used during the phase of data processing. ...read more.

Conclusion

The advantages they offer consumers are: * The card can carry personal account, credit and buying preference information that can be accessed with a mouse click instead of filling out forms. * Cards can manage and control expenditures with automatic limits and reporting. * Internet loyalty programs can be deployed across multiple vendors with disparate POS systems and the card acts as a secure central depository for points or rewards. * "Micro Payments" - paying nominal costs without transaction fees associated with credit cards or for amounts too small for cash ,like reprint charges. Campus Badging and Access Businesses and universities of all types need simple identity cards for all employees and students. Most of these people are also granted access to certain data, equipment and departments according to their status. Multifunction, microprocessor-based smart cards incorporate identity with access privileges and also store value for use in various locations, such as cafeterias and stores. Conclusion Smart cards can add convenience and safety to any transaction of value and data;They have largely replaced a lot of credit card and money transactions. The industry analysts and the specialized press forecast a brilliant future for the smart cards. Billions of cards are predicted to be circulating in a few years as it has provided greater mobility to users and security when online transactions or authentic checks are concerned. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Computer Science section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Computer Science essays

  1. Fetch Decode and Execute

    Decode the bit pattern in the instruction register 4. Perform the action dictated by the operand Using diagrams to aid me I shall be giving example as to how the fetch decode and execute cycle takes place. In my example I shall be using the fetch decode an execute cycle to perform a calculation of two digits.

  2. The Data Management Structure: Components and the data structure

    The same is true for input. The AS/400 spools all the input and output (most systems have one output spool queue, designed for pictures and not good for much else). Using the Database Manager * Reading and writing data records: The database management system "GETS" and "PUTS" completely manage all your data as well as the system's own objects.

  1. Free essay

    Incentives and Barriers to E-commerce

    which can in turn attract customers in to the normal retail stores. Above we can see that there are many benefits to the trader, and that there are probable many more that we cannot see as outsiders. Ultimately as a business it is important that we forecast specifically as to

  2. Different ways of data capture

    To make the info useful, which could be used to make a decision in business for example, info needs to be: * Relevant * Complete * Accurate * Clear * Timely - Info must be available when needed * Concise - principle of reporting by exception is very important I

  1. You need to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of someone in your

    * A reliable foundation - Built on the Windows 2000 code base, XP keeps your computer up and running when you need it most * Windows Media Player for Windows XP - Single place for finding, playing, organizing, & storing digital media.

  2. What is transaction processing?

    place a blank bank card and type in the accessed number enabling access to an individuals account. Via the use of the internet hacking a targets PC via the use of a trogon or sub seven program could enable the hacker to access personal details such as credit card numbers,

  1. Statistics - How good are people's memory considering different factors?

    However, I shall also analyse the results the shorter way after that to see if the final analysis are the same, and if not, I can try and find out why. The shorter way needs of no other information, because if I were to use a total or a mean

  2. Security Issues of E-Commerce

    By the business accepting this payment it shows that they haven actually taken the correct method checks to ensure the customer is who they say they are. This gives the business a bad name. Invasion of privacy-especially related to minors Privacy is very important to the home user when purchasing off of the internet.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work