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Caucasian Chalk Circle - Language

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Caucasian Chalk Circle - Language Singer The character of the singer is used to explain the subtext and Grusha's emotions in some parts. This creates a barrier between the audience and the characters, it makes the audience consider what's going on which then emphasizes on the Singers words. The audience become detached from the emotional sides of the characters and take an objective view to the happenings - which is what Brecht was trying to achieve. The singer is also used in the prologue to explain the story as he takes the role of a storyteller on neutral ground, simply taking an objective view trying to settle a dispute between two groups of people wanting to live in the same valley. He begins a debate and leads the story to a point where the unexplained subtext is political, as were many of Brecht's ideas in plays. The singer is used to hold the play together. He/she is part of the prologue, Grusha's story and also that of Azdak's tale, a familiar character that the audience come accustomed to. ...read more.


Brecht has used this type of formal, indirect language between them in order to detach the audience from the characters, to prevent them from becoming emotionally involved in the play. The use of the Verfremdungs effect is also effective in this scene with the use of the singer, making the audience detached from the characters and creating a barrier. The purpose of this scene is to show the misunderstanding between the characters and to show the obstacles that their relationship has faced and also the obstacles that Grusha has faced, physically from rearing the child, going hungry and her epic journey and also emotionally, losing her fianc´┐Ż and being forced into a loveless marriage in order to keep the child. Brecht has also used the character of the Singer to explain the characters' feelings in this scene and to speak the unspoken words and the subtext. Singer: There was longing, But there was no waiting. The oath was broken. Why? That was not told. ...read more.


Beat an order into you and you still won't follow it. That limp is to let me know you don't like footing it. You're only doing it because I sold the old horses - for a price I'd never get again. It won't be any use to you, it'll be all the worse for you. Sing. To a more modern audience this is a comical speech from a corporal and one of his soldiers about not deserving to be in the army because he does not enjoy hurting people. The use of insults such as "thickhead" and "obstinate donkey" are placed for entertainment value of the audience. Brecht uses this in order to keep the attention of the audience and break up the scenes that are more formal and use less clear emotion. The solider then goes on to sing for the commanding officer, this also provides entertainment for the audience as there is no real reason for the scene between the Soldier and the Corporal apart from to break up the longer more serious scenes and to set the scene and give a background for things that happen further on into the play. ...read more.

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