• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Lean manufacturing.

Extracts from this document...


Manufacturing Engineering Assignment related to industrial visit Lean manufacturing is a term that is primarily associated with the automotive industry. It is the philosophy of achieving competitive manufacturing performance through the elimination of waste. Lean manufacturing has a number of techniques that are used to identify and eliminate waste. These techniques are the foundation of the lean manufacturing philosophy and are also used in many other industries. Toyota Seven Wastes The seven wastes originated in Japan, where waste is known as "muda". "The Seven Wastes" is a tool to further categorize "muda" and was originally developed by Toyota's Chief Engineer Taiichi Ohno as the core of the Toyota Production System, also known as Lean Manufacturing. To eliminate waste, it is important to understand exactly what waste is and where it exists. While products significantly differ between factories, the typical wastes found in manufacturing environments are quite similar. For each waste, there is strategy to reduce or eliminate its effects on a company, thereby improving overall performance and quality. The seven wastes consist of:- 1- Overproduction Overproduction is to manufacture an item before it is actually required. Overproduction is highly costly to a manufacturing plant because it prohibits the smooth flow of materials and actually degrades quality and productivity. The Toyota Production System is referred to as "Just in Time" (JIT) because every item is made just as it is needed. ...read more.


These cards are used to control work-in-progress (WIP), production and inventory flow. A Kan Ban system allows a company to use Just-in-Time (JIT) Production and Ordering Systems which allow them to minimize their inventories while still satisfying customer demands. A Kan Ban System consists of a set of these cards, with one being allocated for each part being manufactured, that travel between preceding and subsequent processes. The Kan Ban System was developed (over 20years ago), by Mr. Taiichi Ohno, to achieve objectives that include: - reducing costs by eliminating waste/scrap - try to create work sites that can respond to change quickly - facilitate the methods of achieving and assuring quality control - design work sites according to human dignity, mutual trust and trust and support, and allowing workers to reach their maximum potential. The two most common types of kanbans used today are:- 1) Withdrawal (Conveyance) Kanban 2) Production Kanban 1) Withdrawal (conveyance) Kanban:- The main function of a withdrawal kanban is to pass authorization for the movement of parts from one stage to an other. Once it gets the parts from the preceding process and moves them to the next process, remaining with the parts until the last part has been consumed by the next process. The withdrawal kanban then travels back to the preceding process to get parts thus creating a cycle. A withdrawal kanban usually carries the following information:- - Part number - Part name - Lot size - Routing process - Name of the next process - Location of the preceding process - Container type - Container capacity - Number of containers released. ...read more.


His plan is called Zero Quality Control (ZQC). Shingo identified three different types of inspection: judgment inspection, informative inspection, and source inspection. Basicly, Poka-Yoke's idea is to stop a process whenever a defect occurs and to prevent the recurring source of the defect. Visual Performance measures Performance measurement provides a tool for assessing the progress of an organization in achieving its defined goals and objectives. In doing so it provides managers and stakeholders with an understanding of how value is created and at what cost. Good performance measurement frameworks contain a relatively small number of performance measures ("the critical few") that are clearly linked to the organization's objectives, focused on the key performance issues, and are actionable, timely, valid and reliable, and readily understandable. Excellent Performance Indicators Excellent Performance Indicators (EPI) program was set up to encourage problem-solving skills and employee empowerment. The EPI program has evolved into an employee empowerment and recognition program based on metrics that measure team performance. The program rewards team accomplishments, provides the necessary tools to monitor data-driven performance, and encourages process improvements directed at reducing costs. The EPI programs goals include optimizing employee and team performance; continuous improvement in product quality; and increased sensitivity to internal and external customer/supplier relationships through employee involvement. Another aspect of the EPI program is training; some of which enhance employees educational needs while others target skills such as problem solving, effect and manage change, team building, and communications. Mazin Hassan Manufacturing Engineering and Management - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Plays section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Plays essays

  1. Our community project was to create a performance that would appeal to the local ...

    Within the stomp we discovered that simply hits tables and chairs with our hands did not create the same affect as within the hall to over come this problem we attached several coins to the palms of our hands, which added to the projection of the scene.

  2. Film Studies The Studio System

    enter the fray. "To recap, executives far removed from Hollywood were able to make key policy-making decision, affecting production because they were closest to the principal source of income - theater admission." Tino Balio - "Grand Design" Huettig also asked about the relationship between: - the operations of the majors

  1. The route to achieving good production sound - pre-production process.

    plant a cassette recorder at each location and then returns later in the day to retrieve the recording. In this way, her producer/clients have the option of asking their own soundpeople for opinions as to the workability of a proposed location.

  2. How, when, where and by whom should organisational, managerial, product and service performance be ...

    In the longer term, (for example some firms have a "five-year plan") market share would indicate the success of the organisation more generally and would be viewed by potential investors to be a key indicator. Pettinger also mentions "resource utilisation" as an important component of measuring organisational performance.

  1. Stimuli and its results.

    the information and clear up all of the loose ends on the case. On the day of the trial, I arrived at the courtrooms, and met with the defendant and her family for a final time before we went into the courtrooms, I reassured them that everything would be fine.

  2. Stimuli and its results.

    Although, this happiness could soon change. As the viewers were seeing how the families were getting along, I would pause the action every now and again and give a summary of what is happening. At first, everyone was having fun, comparing lifestyles, chatting to each other, and exploring the alien lifestyles that that have been placed in.

  1. Kinder Transport.

    English Organiser I used a fixed point in my back so that it made me appear older. Another character that used fixed points was Lil, whom made a constant change between old Lil and Younger Lil. We learnt the process of fixed points by firstly we all positioned our selves

  2. Creating world class performance in a Jaguar assembly plant

    be dramatically updated and upgraded if it was to become a world leader. So �300 million was set aside to modernise the plant. Coupled with this was a programme for changing ways of working and also the culture within the plant.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work