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Outline Stanislavski's approach to the role of the director. Give practical examples of the way a director might use the psychotechnique in the System.

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Introduction

Outline Stanislavski's approach to the role of the director. Give practical examples of the way a director might use the psychotechnique in the System. (50 Marks) Stanislavski was born in Moscow in 1863 to one of the richest families in Russia at the time. His father converted a wing of their house into a theatre and Stanislavski immediately performed there, before proceeding to appear in amateur theatre performances in Moscow. He then joined Moscow Theatre School, but left after only 3 weeks, due to what he thought of as the lack of method in the teaching. After this, Stanislavski directed many plays, and developed methods of directing and acting, which he thought were affective. Stanislavski tried out many aspects of the System in the plays he was directing in the 1900s. By 1912, Stanislavski's Studio was established and he continued to experiment with the psychotechnique and the rest of the System, and 'An Actor Prepares' was later published. In 1938, Stanislavski died in Moscow. ...read more.

Middle

The Given Circumstances is everything that the director and actors are given to work with. Stanislavski said that the Given Circumstances are "the story of the play, the facts, events, epoch, time and place of action, conditions of life" (An Actor Prepares). A director would use the Given Circumstances in order to fulfill the playwright's aim in the play. An example of when the director might use the Given Circumstances is when he directs the play according to when and where it is set. As well as setting the costume, lighting and sound according to the Given Circumstances, he would also direct the actors to react accordingly with how a person in that time and place may respond. If I was to direct a scene from 'The Crucible' by Arthur Miller, I would look closely at the Given Circumstances. This play is based on the facts of a witch-hunt at the time which resulted in many innocent people being hung. ...read more.

Conclusion

A director would use this aspect of the System throughout the rehearsal process in order to effectively convey the super-objective. I performed in scenes from 'Yerma' by Lorca and decided on a Super-objective to apply to the play as a whole, which was similar to what Lorca himself, the playwright, had probably intended. By using this, I could effectively apply the Super-objective to certain scenes in the play, by getting the actors to internally think about this, and therefore convey this Super-objective to the audience indirectly. I think that this aspect of the System is effective and helpful for a director to use as he can direct the play and the actors appropriately and give a message to the audience without directly telling them the objective. In conclusion, Stanislavski thought the role of the director is very important as it is the director who is involved with every aspect of the play. The psychotechnique in the System is useful and successful for a director to use, as it helps the play to develop and become more meaningful and realistic. ...read more.

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