• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'A Ministry of Foreign Affairs is indispensable for the co-ordination of foreign policy' Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'A Ministry of Foreign Affairs is indispensable for the co-ordination of foreign policy'. Discuss In 1626 an enormous step for the concept of diplomacy was taken by Cardinal Richelieu. The creation of the first foreign ministry, or else the 'Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)' transpired. From the 17th century since today, the MFA tended to be a clear representation of the rhetoric 'reign of God', that the Richelieu used in his Testament Politique. The creation of the MFA came after the establishment of the resident ambassadors and the permanent diplomatic missions that Machiavelli sought to establish in the early 16th century. Its primary mission, that in principle is not very different of the mission of the MFA today, was to recruit, finance, brief, despatch and maintain relations with representative abroad but also diplomatic corps in its own capital. 'More diplomacy multiplied the possibilities of inconsistency in both the formulation and execution of foreign policy; as a result, it demanded more unified direction and better preserved archives'1; this is conjunction with the need for more concentrated communications and redundancy of bureaucratic institutions gave the MFA a role into foreign policy formulation and development. The number of countries embracing the concept of MFA as becoming greater over the centuries, coming on its highest point after the end of the second world war, when the majority of the worlds countries had a ministry of foreign affairs for the conduct of their international diplomatic relations. ...read more.

Middle

'Failures to collect and process information thoroughly or to achieve effective liaisons between various arms of government can mean the difference between success and failure'11 Another factor under consideration in the implementation of the foreign policy is the size and statuses of the particular MFA developing the policy as well as the socio-political condition that are govern its realm. For example the size of the country, whether is a rich or developing country, whether it is a democratic or monarchic state, also as Hill claims, 'No doubt foreign policy in these states is a different matter altogether; it may be a lesser priority because of the paradoxical security and lack of power experienced by many developing countries, while decisions will always be subject to the ambitions of individual leaders to make their own mark in world politics'12. G.R. Berridge argues that, 'despite the MFA's continuing role in foreign policy advice and implementation, it is rare for it now to have the same authority in the conduct of foreign relations relative to other ministries that it once had'13. Indeed in order to produce sustainable and effective foreign policy, the MFA need to co-ordinate the functions of the above departments in a very successful way. The challenge of globalisation and internationalisation has pose a great threat to the MFA, while the concept of 'direct dial diplomacy' has been introduced and other line ministries such as the ministry of trade, environment, finance, defence, etc but also organisations such as the central bank and others can directly communicate with their correspondents in other countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

As it has been proven so far, the MFA are tending to responding to the demands of maintaining access rather than focusing on the imperatives of control' which is important in order the notion of 'gatekeeper' to be preserved and protected by the changes on the global environment. This strives for control and better co-ordination will be increasingly challenged by other government departments and line ministries which the MFA have to find ways to overcome. Suggestions have been made by recognised scholars and experts on the areas of the MFAs but this notion of decline is still predominant in the internationals foreign ministries environment. However, the fact remains that the MFAs are very flexible organisations, capable of overcoming such challenges that are been posed on them by the concept of globalisation. Enhancing the geographical expertise and cooperation are important but nevertheless only a mere part of the total effort required. Its is not necessary that an MFA is indispensable for the foreign affairs of a state and in fact many states-mainly small or newly developed states- do not have a special ministry for this purpose, leaving the option for succession onto its leaders or special committees undertaking the same tasks of a FM. As Hocking suggest, the key to success and indispensability is to move towards a 'virtual' organisation. An organisation being able to adopt, develop, reconstructing and reinventing itself, in order to regain its proper statue and position as a player in the international affairs, as well as the foreign policy implementation and co-ordination of post-modern states. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. A study of Patent system in India in the light of Patent Cooperation Treaty.

    information companies should seriously keep on thinking regarding how to allocate the Intellectual Property resources. One of the reasons why PCT attracts the developing countries like India to file applications through the route of PCT is because of its flexible procedure.

  2. Where does the World Trade Organisation fit in the overall scheme of international public ...

    world economy in the West.22 Indeed, no country on earth has delivered a sustained rise in the living standards of its people without being open to the world. The more detailed evidence from the post-1945 period points in the same direction.

  1. Managing Environment - A report on investing in Ghana.

    The table below indicates how Ghana's purchasing has increased in the past ten years. Table 3: Ghana's dependence on South African Trade- November 2002 (Source: WTO) country 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Ghana .35 .80 1.09 2.55 2.88 3.67 3.32 2.63 2.87 3.22 3.66

  2. To What Extent Did Imperial Concerns Guide British Foreign Policy Between 1890- 1907?

    The high point of this 2nd colonial empire was from 1890-1914 As John Lowe and Robert Pearce state in there book Rivalry and Accord "France herself became a great imperial power in this period with extensive colonial possessions in both Africa and Asia."

  1. Feminist approaches to the study of international relations theory

    This essay however will only look at the one in more detail and give a brief description of several others. Feminism is an ideology which has different variants, the most well known ones are Liberal feminists and Radical feminists,

  2. Critically evaluate Brazil's International Trade Policy in terms of key trade issues and primary ...

    the use of Brazilian inputs in exported products.As one of the world's major producers and exporters of agricultural products, Brazil direct price supports or input subsidies provided to farmers for domestic production in an effort to protect them from foreign unfair competition such as dumping goods at extremely low prices.After

  1. Islamic terrorism is a serious problem for the United States because of the threat ...

    Publicity is another benefit of terrorism. By involving acts which are designed to attract maximum publicity, terrorism can bring the smallest group to the forefront of attention. All this is done while exposing the terrorist to minimal risk when compared to war.

  2. Explain how money came to be what it was in Singapore at the beginning ...

    Commercial Banking in Singapore (1846 - 1900) Between 1846 and 1884, seven Western Banks were established in Malaya, with the first being the Oriental Bank. The establishment of bank branches mirrored the importance in trade, with the first branches being in Singapore, followed by Penang.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work