• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What do sociologists mean by globalisation and how have they tried to explain it?

Extracts from this document...


Matt Hepburn What do sociologists mean by globalisation and how have they tried to explain it? Globalisation is a highly contested and often misunderstood concept, which is at the forefront of much modern day scrutiny and debate and is a very important factor in modern society. It has bridged gaps between countries and cultures and encouraged a trend of international trading, whereby the world becomes active in global trading. Some sociologists believe it is a good thing, whereas some believe that nothing good can come out of it. With America becoming the dominant world force in terms of wealth and trading, many sociologists will also link the issue of globalisation to the new term of "Americanisation". This has seen cultures disintegrate, with youth culture being very much influenced by the manner in which the global brands impose their trends and authority onto an eager nation. The French government have taken measures to make sure that France does not become to influenced by American culture; making sure a certain amount of French songs are played on the radio and banning certain Americanisms in publications. ...read more.


He believes that the multinational companies are the "Transitional Capitalist Companies". They have the power and the wealth to exploit these countries as much as they want, as the developing countries are merely struggling to lift themselves from their own pits of depravity. This is where issues such as labour exploitation come into the equation. A fully functioning global company setting up business in the third world will always look to keep labour costs down, by exploiting the under-qualified workforce, who would not know of the sort of wages they should be asking for. They believe that globalisation will have limited benefits for third world countries, until they cut off all ties with the Western world. This is due to their being a feeling of dependency, by which the third world is not developing at a natural rate, but is merely feeding off investment and interest show in its own country. ...read more.


The debt which third world countries have built up means that the Third World is in full control of the smaller countries and such deprived countries will continue to owe them. All the while the global philosophy of happiness and wealth in the world is being preached, despite its obvious flaws. There are blatant arguments for and against the use of such ruthless globalisation techniques being used in the business world. The impact it can have on developing countries is immense. It can create so many jobs and revamp areas dramatically, while at the same time acting as an exploiting foreign concept, that is completely out of touch with the traditional surroundings of its new habitat. Sociologists talk of globalisation as being a huge world power, something that has spread quickly across the globe, bridging gaps in world communication. People are interacting across the world on a daily basis about business deals and opportunities and as such, a global market has been created. Whether or not this is a positive concept is still being debated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level UK, European & Global Economics essays

  1. Corruption and Globalisation - Both of them have been so pervasive in recent years. ...

    Even China, with its reputation as an economic powerhouse, has lost an estimated $50 billion due to the deliberate undervaluing of state assets by public employees. From the business point of view, a corrupt economy does not provide fair market opportunities.

  2. Carbon Credit Trading

    Due to decreased costs, Heinz could afford to lower product prices to gain a price advantage over competitors. This alternative is favourable to investors and consumers but not to employees. Heinz would have to layoff thousands of workers in all facilities in both home and host countries to centralize manufacturing.

  1. To what extent has globalisation created a 'borderless world'?

    The operation of multinational companies can be seen in many countries around the world. Familiar products and brand names appear worldwide. For example, by 1995, the production of foreign branches of multinational companies generated $7,000 billion. This exceeded global exports of goods and services by 20%.

  2. "What do sociologists mean by the term 'Globalisation' and how have they tried to ...

    However I am going to also discuss political globalisation, but quite briefly. When examining economic globalisation, the first issue which comes to mind is world trade. Where some sociologists argue that globalisation is a beneficial and positive process, many argue that it is the only road available.

  1. How the process of Globalisation might have affected the position of labour in industrialized ...

    AA assumes that everyone benefits when countries produce and sell freely what they do best. Ricardo focused on differences in labour productivities. CA presumes if a country is less productive at producing everything, then it must specialise in what it does relatively better than the others, then trade would be also beneficial.

  2. Give a reasoned definition of the term Globalisation

    and reaction from actors in the three societal spheres at different interconnected geographic levels. To conceptualise this we need to abstract from reality. In describing and explaining the dynamic of globalisation it is clarifying to distinguish between: he prime movers of globalisation; and the consequences and the rebound effects of the globalising world in which territorial borders become less relevant.

  1. What difference does globalisation make to sociology?

    Culture Abram de Swann [2001] argues that there is little worldwide sense of 'us'. Though, world religions suggest that we are all 'God's children'. The formation of any group always involves the exclusion, but no one can be excluded from humanity.

  2. Emergency Economic Recovery Program From the United Nations International Report, Vol. I, no. A1

    Ensuring the technical, financial and managerial capacity of Haitian counterpart agencies to continue development initiatives is critically important. Involvement by counterpart agencies in selection of development projects (public central, public decentralized, private sector, or NGO) needs to be addressed in the project formulation stage.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work