• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels The Old Man and the Sea by Hemmingway and The Life of Pi by Martel.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Daniel Thomson-Smith Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels "The Old Man and the Sea" by Hemmingway and "The Life of Pi" by Martel. In the novels "Life of Pi" and "The Old Man and the Sea", the authors present the protagonists sense of loneliness and contrasting companionship through various themes linked to survival against nature and the elements. A famous quote by Albert Einstein explores survival as, "Hunger, love, pain, fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self preservation." As both novels are significant in that the characters are at struggle with the sea, the authors use comparative themes linked to nautical survival to emphasize a characters determination and will to overcome their personal loneliness in their challenge for survival, with similar emotions linked to the quotation echoed through the texts. The novels are structured differently in contrast to their similar subject matter of survival, with both authors adopting different literary presentations to express their own individual views of the protagonists challenge. "The Life of Pi" is presented to the reader in varied length chapters, with some chapters only containing several lines compared to longer length chapters which conveys the story as a survival guide, randomly structured to explore Pi's frustration at sea. ...read more.

Middle

The reader recognises conflict in that Manolin's parents "had told him that the old man was now definitely and finally Salao", illustrating the strength of relationship and companionship between both characters. Hemmingway uses "Salao" to establish the Latin American influence and setting of the novella. This is used repeatedly throughout the novel to furthermore establish the culture from which this fishing tale is set. In contrast Pi can be seen to have a strong relationship with his father, with clear admiration in that his father is a zoo keeper, linking his affliction for animals and nature. The zoo is a symbol of freedom for Pi, a place in which his problems could be forgotten as the author uses language to create a place of tranquility, with the reader identifying Pi's personal relationship with the animals as he, "left for school under the benevolent gaze not only of his mother but also of bright -eyed otters and burly American bison and stretching and yawning orang-utans". This conveys a level of friendship with nature, as personification is used to create a sense of youthful observation which echoes Pi's relationship with Richard Parker. ...read more.

Conclusion

Survival as explained in the introduction quotation is an individual's instinct for self preservation, which can be split into several categories. The Old Man and the sea clearly presents the theme of determination, a theme which links the relationship between himself and the boy. Santiago views his challenge for survival with the Marlin as something which he must prove to the boy "I told the boy I was a strange old man...Now is when I must prove it". This represents to the reader that Santiago views his survival as a personal challenge, linked with the boys fascination with the Old man's skill at fishing "And the best fisherman is you...There is no such fish if you are still strong as you say". These quotes clearly illustrate the boy's admiration for the old man, with the old man realising his compassion for the boy as "I wish I had the boy" repeated through the novella places the boy in high regard. In contrast Martel explores survival for Pi as an act of maturation, with Pi using his instinct to overcome seemingly impossible and adverse conditions seen by the reader as a situation which increases his self sufficiency using what his father told him about dangerous animals to ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    He comes to the villa to try to get Hana to leave, since the place is littered with mines. Eventually, however, he falls in love with her (somewhat surprisingly, since he's quite a bit older than her). Ultimately, Caravaggio is her practical guide, where Almasy is her ethereal guide.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Within the three texts, Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh, Look back in Anger by ...

    4 star(s)

    Although writing from a generation who were mostly disappointed with contemporary life, Larkin?s comparison of the train stopping to a ?sense of falling? like an ?arrow-shower? turning into ?rain?[17] gives a sense of optimism. This shows to the reader, although life-giving rain is not falling on post-war Britain, it remains

  1. Compare and contrast three examples of gothic fiction

    Moreau's experiments equate with pain for both men and beasts and pain is a great leveller, rendering us equal in suffering. Ultimately what Prendick despises is Moreau's absolute insensitivity to pain. It is the screams of Moreau's subjects that upset him and it is the Beast Men's talk of His House of Pain that inspires pity.

  2. How are male/female relationships explored in the texts? William Shakespeares Macbeth; Carol Ann Duffys ...

    The oxymoron that love is hate and hate is love is shown again in the poem when the enjambment of 'Love's hate' which shows that that Duffy is relating to it as hate belonging to love, here she meant that for this kind of hate to be produces, much love is needed to be broken first.

  1. The Use of The Four Elements in The Wars

    This weapon was capable of taking out an entire fleet of enemy soldiers. This weapon was chlorine gas. When inhaled, the gas causes a fluid to build up in the lungs. Once enough fluid builds up, the person will drown in the fluids, and die from asphyxiation.

  2. How do the writers of Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights use setting and atmosphere ...

    Both Cathy and Heathcliff act like children of nature, controlled by its wild attributes as if it runs in their blood. This makes them respond spontaneously without being restrained by social etiquette. Cecil generalises them as "fiery, untamed, children of the storm" Jane Eyre, the heroine of Charlotte Bronte's novel

  1. An exploration of Orwell's 1984 and Huxley's Brave New World

    It could therefore be argued that 1984 is a work of paranoid fantasy. The narrative of the novel begins with Winston's decision to think for himself, something that goes against the rules of the state and that can be punishable by death.

  2. "How do the authors portray love in their texts?" Macbeth By William Shakespeare, ...

    As the poem progresses we see the influence of Porphyria on the speaker, we see that as soon as she comes in, she calms the speaker down. Then we also get to know of the reason of why the speaker feel so angry.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work