• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels The Old Man and the Sea by Hemmingway and The Life of Pi by Martel.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Daniel Thomson-Smith Comment on the writers presentation of loneliness and companionship in the novels "The Old Man and the Sea" by Hemmingway and "The Life of Pi" by Martel. In the novels "Life of Pi" and "The Old Man and the Sea", the authors present the protagonists sense of loneliness and contrasting companionship through various themes linked to survival against nature and the elements. A famous quote by Albert Einstein explores survival as, "Hunger, love, pain, fear are some of those inner forces which rule the individual's instinct for self preservation." As both novels are significant in that the characters are at struggle with the sea, the authors use comparative themes linked to nautical survival to emphasize a characters determination and will to overcome their personal loneliness in their challenge for survival, with similar emotions linked to the quotation echoed through the texts. The novels are structured differently in contrast to their similar subject matter of survival, with both authors adopting different literary presentations to express their own individual views of the protagonists challenge. "The Life of Pi" is presented to the reader in varied length chapters, with some chapters only containing several lines compared to longer length chapters which conveys the story as a survival guide, randomly structured to explore Pi's frustration at sea. ...read more.

Middle

The reader recognises conflict in that Manolin's parents "had told him that the old man was now definitely and finally Salao", illustrating the strength of relationship and companionship between both characters. Hemmingway uses "Salao" to establish the Latin American influence and setting of the novella. This is used repeatedly throughout the novel to furthermore establish the culture from which this fishing tale is set. In contrast Pi can be seen to have a strong relationship with his father, with clear admiration in that his father is a zoo keeper, linking his affliction for animals and nature. The zoo is a symbol of freedom for Pi, a place in which his problems could be forgotten as the author uses language to create a place of tranquility, with the reader identifying Pi's personal relationship with the animals as he, "left for school under the benevolent gaze not only of his mother but also of bright -eyed otters and burly American bison and stretching and yawning orang-utans". This conveys a level of friendship with nature, as personification is used to create a sense of youthful observation which echoes Pi's relationship with Richard Parker. ...read more.

Conclusion

Survival as explained in the introduction quotation is an individual's instinct for self preservation, which can be split into several categories. The Old Man and the sea clearly presents the theme of determination, a theme which links the relationship between himself and the boy. Santiago views his challenge for survival with the Marlin as something which he must prove to the boy "I told the boy I was a strange old man...Now is when I must prove it". This represents to the reader that Santiago views his survival as a personal challenge, linked with the boys fascination with the Old man's skill at fishing "And the best fisherman is you...There is no such fish if you are still strong as you say". These quotes clearly illustrate the boy's admiration for the old man, with the old man realising his compassion for the boy as "I wish I had the boy" repeated through the novella places the boy in high regard. In contrast Martel explores survival for Pi as an act of maturation, with Pi using his instinct to overcome seemingly impossible and adverse conditions seen by the reader as a situation which increases his self sufficiency using what his father told him about dangerous animals to ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    The patient's entire life revolved around things that could not be valued in a material society-history, latitudes, and events that took place hundreds of years ago. One night, as they all sat at the campfire, Katharine recited poetry to them.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Within the three texts, Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh, Look back in Anger by ...

    4 star(s)

    reader can see Larkin?s view on the changing, urbanised world of 1960s Britain. The reader also gains a sense of Larkin?s nostalgia through the continued negative portrayal of ordinary people in contemporary 1950s and 60s life. However some have interoperated this as harming the message of his changing world as

  1. Compare and contrast three examples of gothic fiction

    .the thing before you is not longer an animal, a fellow-creature, but a problem. . . I wanted to find out the extreme limit of plasticity in a living shape. (Wells 72-73) Moreau is finally slain by one of his own creations that escapes his control.

  2. Existentialism seen in The Thief and the Dogs by Naguib Mahfouz and The Stranger ...

    Even with Marie, Mersault's 'girl-friend', it was clear that he did not really care about her one way or the other. When Marie asked him if he wanted to marry her, he replied with "I said I didn't mind and we could do if she wanted to.

  1. `Compare and Contrast the Presentation of Family Relationships in Atonement (TM)and(TM) Oranges Are Not ...

    Cecelia later on in the novel In the opening of 'Atonement,' we are also introduced to a normal family ambience; Briony is extremely passionate and enthusiastic about performing her recent play, 'Trails of Arabella,' and Emily Tallis, 'took her daughter in her arms, onto her lap.'

  2. The Use of The Four Elements in The Wars

    His mother then came in to have a talk with him. This was the last conversation that Robert and his mother had before he left to become a soldier. The last time he spoke to his mother as a boy, the moment he left for war, he had become a man.

  1. Control, submission and rebellion in the novels The Handmaids Tale by Margaret Atwood, Memoirs ...

    Evey was freed by V when she was asked about V?s whereabouts and she responds with ?I?d rather die.? This suggests that Evey had finally been transformed into a different person who would rather take on death than submit to the governments orders.

  2. Explore the theme of trauma in The Bell Jar and Regeneration

    In the book, this scene offers the reader a detailed insight into Prior?s thoughts and feelings on the build up to him losing his voice. However in the 1997 film directed by Gillies Mackinnon, the visual elements play an important role in the audiences? understanding of the effects that the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work