• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare the ways in which Duffy and Heaney write about unhappiness and suffering. In your response you must include a critical discussion of at least three poems.

Extracts from this document...


English Assignment Word Count: 2,576 Compare the ways in which the poets write about unhappiness and suffering. In your response you must include a critical discussion of at least three poems. Throughout this comparative analysis, I will discuss the various ways in which the poets use lexis, imagery and structure to convey the sentiment and themes within the text. I have chosen Lizzie, Six and Shooting Stars by Carol Ann Duffy and Requiem for the Croppies by Seamus Heaney. The poems are all linked with suffering by the hands of an oppressive force. Lizzie by her abuser, the Jewish heroine by the Nazi?s and the Irish by the English. The poems offer vivid and individual style to describe mutual suffering within varied circumstances. The titles of each poem are intended to capture the reader?s attention from the start. Lizzie, Six, is laid out as such to show the youth of the character of Lizzie. Not only in her name being abbreviated in a youthful manner, but the placement of the comma slows the reader down, forcing them to contemplate the purity of a child that age. She is able to establish an immediate sense of dread. In Shooting Stars, Duffy provides us with an ambiguous beginning. ?Stars? is representative of the Star of David and ?Shooting? in the literal sense of the ?stars? being shot. Alternatively, Duffy may have been using the title metaphorically as a shooting star, representative of fleeting life for the Jewish people throughout the Nazi regime. ...read more.


The effect it has is it to double the meaning and subsequently intensify the horror of the suffering she endured in this situation. Heaney represents the emotional suffering in the form of their love of the country, not necessarily the Irishmen individually but as a whole, due to the oppression from the English ? ?we moved quick and sudden in our own country?. Heaney demonstrates the resentment of the Irish in this sentence and ?the priest lay behind ditches with the tramp? ? Heaney juxtaposes the holiest man with the lowliest man, neither had any advantage over the other when it came to slaughter from their oppressors. The personification Heaney offers upon the Irish defeat on Vinegar Hill ?The Hillside blushed, soaked in our broken wave?; Provokes the emotional and physical in the form of slight embarrassment at their being ill equipped to deter the English attack ?shaking scythes at cannon? but also the physicality or their blood staining the green of the fields to red. The first and last line include the imagery of barley, a symbol for revolution and independence (Morgan, Classnotes, 2015). Heaney uses Irony from the barley that the Irish rebels carried in their pockets for food, was in fact the very same that enabled the barley ?to grow up ?out of the grave? fertilized by the blood of Irish souls. Critic Paul Hurt says that the first line ?The pockets of our greatcoats full of barley? and the last line ?And in August the barley grew up out of the grave? ?are contrived. ...read more.


an All three poems have a common theme of rhyme, but the intention is different. Lizzie, Six and Requiem show tail rhyme and holorime both in an effort to make the poem memorable, but Duffy uses this in Lizzie, Six to exaggerate the loss of innocence of a child. Rhyming the poem in a simplistic child-like manner emphasises the haunting suffering. Whereas Heaney uses this technique to signify the remembrance theme of the poem, taking the literal of making the poem memorable and easy to read. All three poems have a common connection to the suffering imposed from an oppressor. For Lizzie, Six, Lizzie is suffering at the hands of her abuser. For Shooting Stars, the Jewish women and the Jewish race are suffering from the oppression of the Nazis and for Requiem for the Croppies, the Irishmen suffering for the loss of their land to the English. Shooting Stars and Requiem have a sub-theme of remembrance and Lizzie Six, the loss of innocence. Though loss of innocence can be found in Shooting Stars and Requiem, their sufferance is predominantly for a race, and land rather than innocence. Regular assonance and consonance are used throughout all three poems, but to different ends, similarly with intentional use of rhyming. The poems vividly highlight suffering throughout, with careful word choice, simplistic yet vulgar in Lizzie, Six to make the suffering more haunting, Grim and factual in Shooting Stars to exaggerate the horror of the suffering and militant and simple to aid the remembrance of the those who suffered in Requiem for the Croppies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    Each of them deals with his or her nationality in different ways, but, anyway, sometimes they feel torn by the fact of being "foreigners". The novel ends with the separation of the characters due to war, which is always caused by jealousy and hatred between nations.

  2. A Close Critical Commentary on Thetis by Carol Ann Duffy

    again creates fluidity, which is a reflection of not only her freedom of form, but her connections to water and the sea. Duffy varies her language throughout the poem to express thoughts and highlight her key ideas.

  1. Analyse the ways in which Shakespeare uses dramatic conventions in his plays and why ...

    It follows the same type of plot. The title of this scene is "The Orchard" there is imagery to the story of the Garden of Eden, were deception is also a main theme as well .When the audience see the start of the scene they can guess what is going to happen this is known as foreshadowing.

  2. Compare and Contrast The Grauballe Man(TM) and Punishment(TM) by Seamus Heaney

    He describes him intensely, like a natural wonder. The persona seems fascinated by the body. The first four stanzas act as a significant contrast to the opening description of 'Punishment'. There is no sense of the beauty or delicacy that we find in 'The Grauballe man'.

  1. There is no room for individual identity in South African literature Discuss.

    Africa is, to her, the 'dearest Land ever known', and worth fighting for 'Till every drop of blood within my veins / Shall dry upon my troubled bones'. The lack of rhyme scheme gives the poem a sense of roughness, imitating the land it is describing.

  2. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Duffy present the reality of love.

    On the other hand, ?Valentine? is written in a straightforward manner, with the use of simple register such as ?red?, ?onion? and ?take?. The intentional use of high frequency lexis serves to emphasise the persona?s insistence on honesty within the relationship, as well as the rejection of idealistic expectations of love.

  1. Compare the ways in which The Colour Purple and What Maisie Knew portray inequality. ...

    independence, something that the women in the novel don?t have and for that reason are oppressed by their male counterparts. However, seemingly even the superiority of the African American men in ?The Colour Purple? is limited as they too are inferior to their white counterparts, a situation that reflects the

  2. Compare the ways in which Plath and Hughes write about relationships. You must include ...

    if she?s talking to the baby saying that, ?I am no more your mother? and then referring to herself as ?the cloud? suggesting there is nothing there, as a cloud is not water it?s just a faint mist, reinforcing the idea that Plath is maybe not ready for the great

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work