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Contrast is defined as a method of comparing two objects to allow their differences to stand out - In the play, The Tempest, Ariel and Caliban, display many distinguishing characteristics.

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Contrast is defined as a method of comparing two objects to allow their differences to stand out. In the play, The Tempest, Ariel and Caliban, display many distinguishing characteristics. Ariel is a spirit associated by goodness and magical powers while Caliban is the product of Sycorax and the devil, the most evil creature known to humans. Perhaps it is because of this main reason, their backgrounds, their loyalty towards Prospero and their roles in the play are unlike. Ariel, an immortal who performs magic for good deeds, is the spirit of the air. He can be classified as the maker of every strange phenomenon on this island. Some of his works are casting spells to raise storms, separating the crew, creating music to attract Ferdinand or to distract Caliban and summoning other spirits and immortals. In the play, Ariel allies with or sometimes is one of the good spirits from the element air, fire and water. Since air is everywhere, Ariel has the power to sing sweet songs and become invisible. ...read more.


(act1, scene 2, line 351) While Ariel is the singer of the sweet tunes about nature, Caliban is the listener. His love for the nature and dreams, however, enables the audience to feel sympathetic towards him as they see his human side. He describes himself how sometimes, after he wakes up, "[he] cries to dream again." (act 3, scene 2, line 142) Even though Prospero treats both of his slaves kindly at first, Ariel and Caliban's loyalty towards Prospero vary greatly. Before Prospero came to the island, Ariel was trapped in an oak tree, imprisoned by Sycorax. When Prospero arrives and releases him, Ariel is very thankful. In return, Ariel "ha[s] done [him] worthy service; [tells] [him] no lies, [makes] [him] no mistakings, serve[s] without or grudge or grumblings." (act 1, scene 2, lines 247-249) It is interesting when Ariel asks Prospero "do you love me, master?" (act 4, scene 1, lines 48) This shows that Ariel views Prospero not only as his master but as a fatherly figure too. ...read more.


Since Caliban hasn't felt wanted for such a long time, "[he] swear[s], upon that bottle, to be [their] true subject." (act 2, scene 2, line 122) He even kisses Trinculo's foot to prove his faithfulness. He decides to use his new friends to help him accomplish his goal. He tells them of his cruel plans to kill the "tyrant". He constantly reminds his new masters that the first step of the plan is to burn the Prospero's books. After possessing his books, then they can "with a log batter his skull, or paunch himself a stake or cute his wezand with [his] knife" (act 3, scene 2, lines 88-90) Fortunately, the plans don't work out. In all tragicomedies, the forces of good always overcome evil. The Tempest is not an exception. Ariel, even though viewed as a powerful figure, is still obedient towards Prospero. In return, after Ariel's tasks are completed, Prospero grants him his freedom. Caliban's nature and his determination to kill Prospero never creased in the play. Although he is one of the villains, Prospero still forgives him in the end, along with Antonio and Alonso, making the ending a happy one. The Spirit of the Air vs. the Earthly Creature Ivy Cheng English 4A Ms. ...read more.

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