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"Four Women Poets" Choose three or four poems from this anthology that you would describe as "Protest poetry" and discuss their effectiveness.

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Introduction

"FOUR WOMEN POETS" CHOOSE THREE OR FOUR POEMS FROM THIS ANTHOLOGY THAT YOU WOULD DESCRIBE AS "PROTEST POETY" AND DISCUSS THEIR EFFECTIVENESS. The title "Four Women Poets" suggests the poets are feminist writers and that their work is only about the hardships of women, but this is a misconception of the term "women poets". As Carol Ann Duffy said "I am a poet before I was a woman poet". The poets are only deemed "women poets" because of their gender but they have much more to say than merely on roles of women in society, and have strong opinions on politics, money, education and on relationships. This anthology is a collection of "protest poems" which deals with everyday issues from education to money. "Making Money" is a poem written by Carol Ann Duffy and she is essentially protesting about people's obsessive nature towards money and the things they would do to obtain it. Duffy's choice of language and words enhances and reinforces the poems ability to convey her point to the reader. She uses vulgar terms such as: "suck you", "lick you" and "sifting shit" to help put her point across effectively. Also within the poem there is use of slang terms: "Cash. Loot. Dough. Income. Stash." ...read more.

Middle

"Making Money" is Carol Ann Duffy's personal protest against people's infatuation with money. She may have chosen to write this certain poem because as a child she was brought up in a Catholic, working class, family. This therefore meant that they didn't have a great deal of money and earned everything they had by working hard. This particular poem relates well to others in the anthology. Such as "Debt", about a man whose life is consumed by the thought of money, and "War Photographer" which presents a different way of making money. All these poems include the theme of money whether it is an underlining theme or is more explicit. My second chosen poem deals with the issue of education and is appropriately titled "Education For Leisure". Carol Ann Duffy chooses to adopt the voice of a mentally disturbed individual and describes the mindset of a murderer. The title suggests that education did not do anything for this person and it merely prepared the person for a life of doing nothing. The author is protesting about how education fails people and can lead them to a criminal life. It is written from the first person perspective it is obvious to see that the person has a lot of self worth: "I am a genius" "I am going to play God" These statements illustrate that there is a sense of misplaced superiority. ...read more.

Conclusion

She refers to the women as being seen as a slave and not women. She has elements of clich�s and tongue and cheek phrases: "Oh a right bed of roses!" which all add to the effectiveness of the poem as a whole. Her unique choice of language enhances the poems ability to express Lochhead's point. She very skillfully uses the repetition of the word "not" to reinforce her attitude against women being pigeon holed. At first it is light-hearted but the repetition of "not" becomes defiant and serious. She uses words such as: "Nun", "Little Women", "Jezebel" and "Delilah" to illustrate her point. The second part of the poem is clever, sharp and also humorous. It is fast paced because it has a stronger sense of structure. It has a regular rhyme scheme: "lotion" and "motion" this giving it a child like essence. This has the effect of making the poem light hearted, lightening the mood. The technique that Liz Lochhead has adopted to write this poem is to write it as a conversational, chatty, informal piece. This makes it easier for the reader to relate to the poem and to understand it more fully. She has also used a vast range of colloquial expressions such as: "frazzle", "Better Half" and "Little women". There is also a hint of cockney slang "would you Adam and Eve it?". ...read more.

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