• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How are male/female relationships explored in the texts? William Shakespeares Macbeth; Carol Ann Duffys Havisham demonstrating the bitter, loneliness, Christina Rossettis Cousin Kate presents the betrayal and William Shakespeares Sonnet 130 an

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How male/female relationships explored in the texts? Male and female relationships are portrayed in different ways, like the power and struggle in William Shakespeare's Macbeth; Carol Ann Duffy's Havisham demonstrating the bitter, loneliness, Christina Rossetti's Cousin Kate presents the betrayal and William Shakespeare's Sonnet 130 and how he shows that relationships should be honest and truthful. Yet their attitudes are in stark contrast as a consequence of how these intensely personal feelings have impacted on their respective lives. At the start of act one scene seven, Macbeth's soliloquy considers all the arguments for and against murdering Duncan which are very weighted toward staying loyal to his king. However, upon almost completely persuading himself not to kill Duncan, Lady Macbeth enters. The reader notices an instant change in the mood, as if an evil presence had entered the room with Macbeth's long speeches being reduced to short sentences. Bravely, Macbeth decisively states "We will proceed no further in this business" showing no option for doubt or debate. He takes the traditional role of a man in this and acts like the strong and tough like the warrior he is. In the Jacobean times the man was meant to be the one in control of the relationships and how things are supposed to go, he took this power and said that that was it his final decision. However Lady Macbeth disrespects his wishes and exploits his love for her and tries to manipulate Macbeth by encouraging him to go ahead in the murder of the king. Lady Macbeth's main persuasive technique in the scene was to torment Macbeth. One of Macbeth's ambitions is to uphold his reputation for being brave which Lady Macbeth is aware of and uses to her advantage. She taunts, "And live a coward in thine own esteem" knowing that he will become angry at being called a 'Coward', and force him to want to prove that he isn't. ...read more.

Middle

This straddles the break between verses, and shows the unstable mixture of Havisham's emotions. The second stanza of 'Havisham' is full of sadness, and the speaker has moved from a position of total fury and resentment into a state of depression; this stanza brings in the element of decay into the emotional, and physical, state of Miss Havisham and her possessions, she despises herself as 'spinster.' The dramatic start once more draws the reader's attention to the poem, and the word 'spinster' itself makes Miss Havisham incomplete, and is without someone to love, it means elderly single women with no children, as at the time this poem was set it was almost strange to see unmarried women, this one word sentence is what she is, what society sums her up as, what she has been condemned to be by the man's abandonment of her almost as if there would be nothing more to say about her for the rest of society. After Havisham was left at her wedding she never recovered this led to her sitting in her chair in her wedding dress not doing anything or going anywhere just sitting there wasting away, smelling and putting herself down "I stink and remember." this is good use of onomatopoeia and gives the reader a view of what she was like and what the smell was like. She's is wallowing in her own pity, knows that she 'stinks' but doesn't care. Throughout the poem it goes through her mental state of mind, from the words Duffy uses you can see she has had a bit of an emotional rollercoaster, in the poem you can see Duffy is interested in mixing her love and hatred as it shows Havisham's sexual passion has not ended yet. By looking at the structure in Havisham Duffy has created an effect that shows Havisham's hatred for men, how much men have put her through but still shows she isn't a ruin yet as she still has a sexual passion, however ...read more.

Conclusion

This links in with the unnamed maiden as she has no power in society because she is an 'outcast' although she has power over the lord because she has his son and he would give anything to have him. In the Sonnet 130 it shows an equal loving relationship and it shows relationships in a realistic way. In 'Macbeth' at first Shakespeare portrays their relationship is equal as they go on how they want to do everything together, however to the end the Macbeth starts not to care as much and Shakespeare puts dark imagery into the play and shows that when Lady Macbeth dies at the end Macbeth doesn't care. In 'Cousin Kate' Rossetti shows the traditional side of relationships and how if you lose your virginity before marriage it could really impact your life, she showed a non-requited love as the unnamed maiden obviously wants the lord back although she is angry but he doesn't want her. In 'Havisham' Duffy shows the negative side of love and the aftermath of a relationship which ended in a bad way, Miss Havisham wants to get her revenge as in the poem it keeps referring to violent things and it had an angry aggressive, bitter tone to the poem. Over all I preferred Shakespeare's Sonnet 130 because I think it portrayed relationships in a realistic way, I think that act 1 scene 7 in Macbeth also had a realistic view to their relationship although they were planning to kill a person. I enjoyed Havisham it was a good poem and it showed the negative side of a relationship although it might have been a little over exaggerated because it's only her view we hear this is the same with cousin Kate where the unnamed maiden tells her own side of the story and make people feel sorry for her but I think there was more to it and it would be nice to know her cousin Kate's side of the story. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    He says they assumed he had a skill because his plane had crashed in the desert. Ultimately he says he fulfilled this expectation by accompanying them to a canyon, where the nomads unveiled a stockpile of guns. He was able to tell them just by feeling the guns what their

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Within the three texts, Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh, Look back in Anger by ...

    4 star(s)

    This use of structure is also employed Osborne to much the same effect in Look back in Anger. Osborne?s use of long monologues, with Jimmy speaking with neither Alison or Cliff actually listening give the sense of the tedium of post-war Britain.

  1. Thrill of the Kill Comparative Essay. Imagine being on a deserted island with ...

    When being hunted, Rainsford felt panic and dread and "knew the full meaning of terror" (Connell, 55). Even though Rainsford had previously hunted and been in the war, it was different to be hunted. He would do anything to stay alive.

  2. Analyse Shakespeares presentation of the theme of betrayal in Hamlet and show how far ...

    However, the Duchees' betrayal in sleeping with Spurio appears to be both intentional and callous. She alludes to the "hate" she feels towards the Duke, possibly because refused to free her son and "therefore wedlock faith shall be forgot. I'll kill him in his forehead."

  1. The Female is Nothing But the Body To what extent do you agree with ...

    Katharina Ochsenfahr writes: "She is recording her story on tape afterwards, probably when she is in a safe house. So she is telling it from her memory. Despite this the reader sees her story through her eyes and therefore gets to know the treatment of women in Gilead."

  2. Explore the relationship between Shakespeares Macbeth and the version produced in the BBCs Shakespeare ...

    He does this by saying ?If I go under a bus tomorrow, this place will be yours.? In the drama Duncan comes off as the more antagonist of the group, showing arrogant behavior and because of this we actually feel for Joe and completely see his point of view when he decides to murder him.

  1. Compare the ways in which Larkin and Duffy present the reality of love.

    This becomes especially significant, as the protagonist of the poem is a ?widow?, who has experienced the death of her husband and understands love?s inability to ?to solve, and satisfy?. Such disappointment in the way in which love fails to live up to its promises leads to the widow?s gentle

  2. In both Othello and The Merchant of Venice, however, Shakespeare presents female characters who ...

    typical comedy, so why must the play conform to the conventions set by fairytales? Shakespeare could by toying with the idea of genre, as well as the typical portrayal of women. If this is the case, then it seems as though Portia is only obeying the rules insofar as the public eye can see.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work