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Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore being an active politician of his age has written numerous literary works on his ideologies about the social, economic, and political situation of India.

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Introduction

POLITICAL VALUES: Tagore being an active politician of his age has written numerous literary works on his ideologies about the social, economic, and political situation of India. He seeks the re-establishment and reconstruction of the old ideas and ideologies and seeks new ones as well. Tagore was not keen for the attainment of political freedom. He believed that unless there is not an 'atmasakti' in us, we cannot be worthy of freedom. Tagore believed that spiritual liberation was an integral part in the attainment of political and social liberation. Emphasizing on this idea of atmasakti, he said that in order to regain atmasakti, regeneration of rural society was essential. He made an effort in forming a rural society where there will be a social hierarchy and at the top of the hierarchy, there will be a Samajpati through whom the people would be able to maintain contact with everybody in society. He said that regeneration of rural society was possible by encouraging yatras, folk-songs and organizing village fairs. We can see that he establishes this idea in his play, 'The Post-office'. Here he presents an ideal village scenario where the King is the Samajpati through whom the villagers are connected. He wanted self-sufficiency of the villages like old times. Though, his attempts failed in forming this kind of a society. ...read more.

Middle

The Bengali Muslims welcomed the proposal whereas the Bengali Hindus deeply opposed the idea and retaliated. So, Amritsar massacre of April 13, 1919, took place in which 379 unarmed people at a peaceful meeting were gunned down by the army, and two thousand more were wounded. Tagore strongly disapproved of the idea of punishment, so he wrote a letter to the Viceroy of India, asking to be relieved of the knighthood he had accepted four years earlier. Referring this to the play, The Lover's Gift', we see that the King by attacking Kashmir is indirectly punishing Queen for leaving him not realizing the severe consequences that the people would face. Tagore establishes a new political idea with its focus on individual and humanistic approach towards the set ideas. The novel Gora exemplifies Tagore's vision of new, syncrestic India, rising above the considerations of caste, community and race. The character Gora is a staunch Hindu and a believer in nationalism (nationalism with its emphasis on self-respect and preservation of tradition). He focuses on Gora's process of self-realization and a change from a nationalist to an internationalist. Gora projects himself as a true Indian to whom neither caste nor race nor nationality can inhibit. He is shown as a symbol of the rising nationalism of the twentieth century. Rabindranath rebelled against the strongly nationalist form that the independence movement often took refrained him from taking a particularly active part in contemporary politics. ...read more.

Conclusion

He believed that a woman's domain differs from that of a man that is why her role in politics is limited. He disapproved of the fact that young girls were holding revolvers killed or tried to kill the British administrators. He told Dillip Kumar Roy; "I do not think that woman stands to gain in the long run by rushing out into the open as a fellow-scabbler of her mate for the same laurels... She could never be at home in the sphere of masculine rough and tumble activities." In his play 'The Lover's Gift' he presents this belief; the Queen, though a strong character, leaves her husband to fight for her country but returns to the King humbly asking his pardon, she could not fight for her brother, all she could do was surrender herself. Rabindranath insisted on open debate on every issue, and distrusted conclusions based on a mechanical formula, no matter how attractive that formula might seem in isolation (such as "This was forced on us by our colonial masters - we must reject it," "This is our tradition-we must follow it," "We have promised to do this-we must fulfill that promise," and so on). The question he persistently asks is whether we have reason enough to want what is being proposed, taking everything into account. Important as history is, reasoning has to go beyond the past. It is in the sovereignty of reasoning-fearless reasoning in freedom-that we can find Rabindranath Tagore's lasting voice. ...read more.

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