• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Spies" analysis. The narrator presents the boys as being inexperienced and childish in order to put emphasis on their obliviousness.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The narrator presents the boys as being inexperienced and childish in order to put emphasis on their obliviousness. 'He's done it before, with the murders committed by Mr. Gort, for instance, and the building of the transcontinental railway, or the underground passage between our two houses.' The narrator uses bombastic language in order to accentuate their innocence and naivety. This is evident of their foolhardiness, as the two boys are constantly partaking in their own childhood adventures without contemplating the possible ramifications. It is blatantly exaggerated and puts emphasis on Keith's manipulative and domineering nature, as Stephen seems to play along with him. Moreover, these are antecedent events which further accentuate their obliviousness, as they are unaware of what they are up against. Therefore, the narrator presents them as such in order to emphasise the fact that they are out of their depth. The narrator presents Stephen as misled in order to emphasise his obliviousness. ...read more.

Middle

Hayward. Furthermore, sibilance is used in 'solemnity and sadness', in order to emphasise the sombreness of their new adventure, with Stephen unaware of what is really going on. This is, in effect, a metanarrative, which puts emphasis on the various effects of espionage, as Keith and Stephen's spywork acts as a minor representation of espionage as a whole in society. Therefore, Stephen's gullibility is presented in order to foretell his ultimate exposure to the actual realities. The narrator presents Keith's family as chaotic so as to put emphasis on his misinterpretations regarding the Haywards. 'His family have taken on the heroic proportions of characters in a legend - noble father and traitorous mother playing out the never-ending conflict between good and evil, between light and dark.' Dramatic irony is used, as we know that Mrs. Hayward is not a traitor at all, yet at the same time is having an affair with Aunt Dee's husband, Uncle Peter. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is also a hyperbole as it seems highly unlikely that commonplace people could attain the somewhat abnormal traits of characters from folklore. Therefore, Keith's family is depicted as being immersed in secrecy and as being vague in order to conceal their intentions. Stephen is presented as inarticulate so as to emphasise his insecurities. 'I find it very difficult now to reconstruct what I'm feeling - it's so large and complex. Perhaps the largeness of the feelings is the most noticeable thing about them.' A paradox is used so as to put emphasis on the genuinely sad tinge of the writing, as Stephen's low self-esteem is pathetic and it reveals that Stephen might not be a remotely interesting person, which accentuates how insecure Stephen is. Furthermore, largeness is italicised in order to put emphasis on Stephen's numerous emotions. Moreover, one can infer that Keith is a foil used to oppose Stephen's strong values and so this accentuates his vulnerabilities. Due to Keith, he finds it hard to express himself. Therefore, Stephen is presented as being unable to express himself in order to emphasise Keith's hold over him. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Authors section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Authors essays

  1. How does Frayn present young Stephen in the first three chapters of "Spies"? How ...

    to create our own opinions, and see his thought processes to see how he reaches the conclusions he does. I believe this helps us to understand Stephen better, and so a reader perhaps might not judge him quite so harshly.

  2. How Effectively Does Frayn Use Barbara Berrill in 'Spies'?

    audience, and although Barbara doesn't have to power to make Stephen quite see the truth about his friend, she does plant the idea of this in his head 'like germs' which is quite satisfying to the audience that perhaps he is not being so na�ve as he seems and can maybe comprehend a little more what is going on.

  1. Discuss the relationship between Keith and Stephen that is presented in the first Six ...

    living through' and he believes that he is in some mysterious way their 'creator' he made out as if he was supernatural and had powers when he says ' he uttered the words, and the words became so. He told the story, and the story came to life.'

  2. Analyse how Frayn presents relationships between adults and children in Spies

    have a sense of freedom, as if I'm no longer bound by the rules and restrictions of childhood...

  1. Snowdrops (short story) analysis

    Attitudes in the reader Can you find any evidence of what Leslie Norris assumes about his readers? One way to check this is to make a list of things you did not at first understand, or which you had to ask about.

  2. "'We Need to Talk About Kevin' presents us with unsympathetic characters who nevertheless attract ...

    From early childhood, they have enraged him." One of the most fascinating passages in the novel is when Kevin gets ill, aged ten. The illness makes him "slump" and "I was astonished that when I helped him up and lifted him to bed that he offered no resistance.

  1. What is the importance of the title in Spies?

    The game would have been harmless is Keith's mother wasn't in fact hiding a dreadful secret. Out of the two characters it is Stephen who, in the end, takes his role as a spy most seriously. The game is at first instigated by Keith and Stephen has reservations about looking into Mrs Hayward's "private" things.

  2. Frayn presents Keith's mother, Mrs Hayward in many different ways by his use of ...

    A distinctive change of character in Mrs Hayward is evident when she is presented by losing her cool, collected complacency after confronting Keith and Stephen-'What in heaven's name are you playing at, my precious?' The use of the term 'my precious' has equal menacing and threatening connotations as the phrase

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work