• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What methods does McEwan use to create reader interest in Chapter Four of Enduring Love?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐What methods does McEwan use to create reader interest in Chapter Four of Enduring Love? McEwan uses a large variety of literary techniques to create reader interest in Chapter Four of Enduring Love, through the use of form, language and structure. At the start of this chapter, McEwan uses time expansion over seemingly unimportant aspects of Joe?s morning while writing an article on the Hubble telescope to help create reader interest. It begins as Joe describes the telescope?s history in thorough detail, from the flaws it had to begin with (?the primary mirror was ten thousandths of an inch too flat?) to its final success (?Hubble was grand in conception, but the rescue operation was technologically sublime?). As the time passes so slowly, McEwan emphasizes Joe?s passion for science, and also shows how he immerses himself in it as an attempt to distance himself from the horrific events of the previous day. The use of long sentences here illustrate Joe?s thinking pattern and reflect how Joe is desperately trying to think deeply in science to ignore his emotions. Even so, there is evidence in the chapter that this is not enough to help him forget, such as when he tells his producer about the accident: ?I couldn?t help myself. I had to be saying it to someone?. It highlights further to the reader Joe?s character traits of wanting order and reason behind everything, which can be found in science (the Hubble telescope), which makes him detach himself from the emotions caused by the balloon incident. ...read more.


This shows how Joe believes emotions hinder common reasoning, whether good or bad. This is ironic, considering that later in the chapter, Joe?s reasoning as to Jed following him is very irrational, and is only fuelled by his paranoia. Reader interest is created through the semantic field of contamination throughout the chapter. Words like ?mutated virus?, ?filth?, ?tainted?, ?pollution?, ?unclean? and the lexis word ?Meard Street? (phonetic spelling of the French swear word ?merde?) all evoke a sense of disgust and filthiness in the reader. The idea of spreading disease symbolises how Jed Parry is slowly taking over and destroying Joe?s life. Jed?s contamination of Joe?s mind is shown through Joe?s paranoia and ?fear? throughout the chapter. The origin of his own fear troubles Joe as it seems to be instinctive, as opposed to his reasoned stance on life (as shown in the first few chapters), which is provocative to a scientist dedicated to rational thought. It says, ?Was I so obtuse, not to know fear from the start? Wasn?t it an elemental emotion, along with disgust, surprise, anger and elation, in Ekman?s celebrated cross-cultural study? ...I was afraid of fear, because I did not know yet the cause.? This highlights once again Joe?s analytical nature, always needing an explanation as to why things occur and not just accepting his fear. It also emphasizes how Parry is poisoning his mind with self-doubt, shown by Joe?s use of many interrogatives and questions. ...read more.


The form of a psychological thriller and Joe?s character change is carried on to the end of the chapter where after Joe chases Parry onto the street, and then picks up a jam jar of marigolds in hope ?it might bring me luck, or rather, protection?. This is extremely contradictory of his usually reasonable character, as superstition cannot be backed up by fact, which he normally does. This paradox is Joe?s character shows that almost against his reason, Joe finds that in moments of stress and anxiety, his emotions undermine certainty and his mind runs along irrational lines of superstitious thoughts. Joe even begins to think about religion too, as he says, ?such hopeful acts of propitiation, fending off mad wild unpredictable forces, whole religions were founded.? This reference to religion relates back to Jed, and shows that Jed has been running through his mind the whole day. It also raises the question in the reader that it might be Joe that is obsessed with Jed instead, if he is constantly thinking about him. The way this chapter ends without a resolution or confirmation of Joe?s paranoia means that the reader is left on a cliff-hanger, which compels them to read on in hope of finding out who was following Joe, or even if anyone even was. In conclusion, McEwan uses numerous techniques in order to create reader interest, through language, form and structure. These techniques ensure that the reader is kept keen and eager to find out more about Joe?s suspicion of Jed. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Ian McEwan section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Ian McEwan essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    An essay that examines whether Briony ever achieves atonement in 'Atonement' by Ian McEwan

    3 star(s)

    The ageing Briony seems happy that her story has achieved something in terms of putting right the wrongs of the past. But on the other hand, she admits to herself that it is only a story, and that Robbie and Cecilia were never reconciled, which suggests that atonement in 'real' terms is impossible.

  2. A Reader's Response to McEwan's Characterisation of Joe Rose in Chapters 1 - 6 ...

    Also, to do this the novelist would have to make the story available to the readers mind with a sense of reality and therefore inputs the reader into the story itself and creates you as a character within the story.

  1. How does Ian McEwan create interest & suspense in the opening chapter of "Enduring ...

    Jed Parry is another significant character in this novel and is mentioned on numerous occasions throughout the first chapter, although we are not sure why as yet. "...rushing towards each other like lovers..." The writer uses an unusual simile here when describing Joe and Jed parry's first acquaintance.

  2. What techniques has McEwan used to make his opening striking in "Enduring Love"?

    However, a lack of build up is also, "the black foil touched my palm, we heard a man's shout", as McEwan combines the banal ("black foil") with important factual knowledge ("man's shout"). This essentially sets the tone for the beginning of the story in a concise, yet terse way, having

  1. What view would a feminist critic take on "Enduring Love" by Ian McEwan?

    Joe goes on to describe her as ?gleaming in an alien light? or was ?like a cartoon sleepwalker? degrading her of her human form and implying women are not of equal nature to men, by focusing on their physical appearance.

  2. Some readers feel that the most compelling aspect of "Enduring Love" is Jed and ...

    By creating these shifts in time between collecting Clarissa at the airport, tranquillity on the field, and the race towards the falling balloon, McEwan continues to engage the reader in the story line, and maintain a harsh suspense. Although the actual event of the balloon accident is only one chapter,

  1. By portraying the three main characters as representations of science, art and religion, McEwan ...

    Joe?s rationality is further evident in the letter he writes to Clarissa describing his love for her. ?sincerity would permit me the facts?. Joe?s attempts at defining his love systematically through the term ?permit me the facts? suggests that Joe is emotionally detached - which is also evident in his

  2. How does McEwan tell the story in Chapter 12 of Enduring Love

    In the beginning of the novel, we initially warm to Joe as a narrator. His scientific nature seems to give him an air of objectivity as the reader believes that his deductive and all-seeing attitude to life would improve his reliability as a narrator.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work