• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? There were many reasons for the British Government evacuating children away from Britain's major towns and cities at the beginning of the Second World War. It was, primarily, a safety precaution. Large industrial areas and residential areas were seen as targets for the German raids whereas the countryside was presumed to be far safer. This was the result in a change in warfare as prior to World War Two it was suggested to be barbaric to bomb unprotected towns. The Hague Convention of 1907 banned bombardments "by whatever means" on "undefended" towns. However, during the Great War there were a small number of civilian casualties as a result of bombing on both sides. The general feeling throughout the 1920s and 30s was that the bombing of civilians was barbaric and uncivilised. In 1932 Japan became the first major power to bomb civilians when it bombed a worker district of Chinese Shanghai. ...read more.

Middle

These tactics did not only involve incisive strikes by armoured units but also fast plane attacks bombing military and civilian targets. This style of warfare was based around speed and manoeuvrability so it was obvious that they would want to avoid any form of urban warfare. The British government did not want British cities to share the same fate as the Polish capital, Warsaw, which was hit by unsystematic bombing and thousands of civilians were killed unfairly. * During the 1st World War the French introduced the rest of the World to a new tactic in warfare; chemical warfare was first used in August 1914 when the French army fired tear-gas grenades at the Germans. The Germans, however, got their revenge in the trenches at Ypres in April 1915 when they effectively used gas on a large scale. The British government were afraid of a lethal gas attack, aimed at London which could kill tens of thousands at least, being imposed due to the adaptations of modern day technology. The government supplied everyone in the country with a gas mask to use when needed. ...read more.

Conclusion

This provoked the government to move the children of Britain to the safety of the countryside. The government realized the changing tactics of War and recognised civilians as potential targets and sought after a plan to prevent huge numbers of youth casualties and so evacuation to safety was definitely needed. * All of these factors are summed up to one overall contributor; changing times and technology improvements. The changing technology allowed events to take place that had never been permitted due to immense technological restrictions in the past. Long-distance bombing had never been used before World War Two and this is an issue the British Government could not overlook as they drew up their plans for evacuation. Despite the evacuation plans statistics showed that more women and children died in the War than the amount of soldiers actually fighting. However it is certain that if the children and women had not been evacuated then far more fatalities and casualties would have taken place. Overall the plans for evacuation proved generally effective despite the significant amount of money spent by the Conservative Government. Evacuation saved many lives and it alone kept many children from seeing the horrors and brutalities of War and secured the future of Britain. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level War Poetry essays

  1. The impact of bombing during WWII

    The source is useful factually but does not really give us an incite into how people were really suffering with their losses. Possibly the low numbers of deceased show that the country was fairly unified, fore if they were all panicking and not being sensible many more would have died in the air raids.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-1941?

    This was what the Germans wanted. Ports, which were also a target, were bombed to hinder loading and unloading of ships and like I've already said, houses, which were hit due to inaccuracy in bombing, created homelessness and demoralised the people.

  1. Women During the Second World War.

    Source K, the 1970s history textbook, runs along similar lines, "7,000,000 women in the armed forces, civil defence, agriculture and industry packed parachutes, typed forms, drove the tractors and milked the cows, filled the shells, waterproofed the tanks, assemble the radio sets, kept the transport running, put out the incendiary bombs, worked the trip-hammers..."

  2. The evacuation of British Children

    The second world war was very different to the first, mainly because of the development of transport, this meant that attacks could be quicker and also that civilians were more at risk than before. During world war two, children were taken to places of safety like bomb shelters or underground assembly point etc.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at ...

    The Germans had received training in the Spanish Civil war, receiving the ability to test new weaponry, perfect and hone in new skills and techniques on the side of General Franco. This, coupled with the sheer size of the arsenal, gave the Germans, or indeed anyone else, the ability to literally raze cities to the ground, like Guernica.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in ...

    The most successful way of ensuring children's safety was by means of evacuation. The children were therefore evacuated into the countryside, where there was little chance of any bombing or attack. World war one and the events leading up to the outbreak of ww2 and the development of technology further indicated to the government that evacuation would be necessary.

  1. Why did the British government evacuate children from the major cities in the early ...

    The British government also watched film footage of the Spanish civil, which increased their fear of mass bombing. The Spanish civil war had taken place from 1936-1939. Hitler sent his Condor legion to help the Spanish fascists under General Franco to defeat the Republican government of Spain.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to Evacuate from British Cities in the Early ...

    This tactic was used on a small Spanish town called Guernica to test it and it scared the British public and government so it was used as propaganda to encourage safety by evacuating. The fear of bombing from World War One by the Zeppelins was also in the minds of the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work