Failures of the League
'By failing to resist aggression in the 1930s, the League of Nations made Hitler's work easy.' How fair is this judgement on the League in the 1930s? I think that the statement is partially fair. The League was too slow when making decisions and were prepared to give large portions of land (Abyssinia) to other countries to keep the peace. The League made some very big mistakes, but the conditions the League was in were very bad. The Leagues' main members were Britain and France; both had just fought a big war and were in not much position to stop countries invading other countries. The Manchuria crisis was the first biggest problem the League experienced. The 1929 Depression hit Japan hard. The civilian government found that it had no solutions to the problems presented by the world-wide depression and to the army the civilian government looked weak. Many people admired the more robust response of the army. The unemployed of Japan looked to the strength of the army to assist their plight rather than to what weak politicians were doing. The voices of senior army generals were heard and they argued for a campaign to win new colonies abroad so that the industries there could be exploited for Japan. The most obvious target was a full-scale invasion of Manchuria. Japan was becoming increasingly crowded due to its limited size as a nation and its rapidly increasing population.
Gallipoli - source related study
History: Gallipoli Assignment . How useful are the views of Anzac soldiers at Gallipoli suggested in Sources A, B and C. Explain your answer. Source A seems to tell us that the Anzac soldiers were unprofessional and lazy in their duties. The first cartoon portrays a soldier unprofessionally dressed, also the soldier is yawning, which gives me the impression that he is lazy. Furthermore at the top of the cartoon it says 'The Hopeless Dawn', this suggests that the artist believes the Anzac soldiers are unprofessional in their duties. At the bottom of the cartoon it says 'Standing Tall 4.30 am', even though these are the early hours of the morning this would not be acceptable for a soldier to do. Overall the first cartoon depicts the Anzac soldiers as 'Hopeless', hence I believe that according to this source the views of the Anzac soldiers at Gallipoli were not very useful. The cartoon could possibly have been biased or it could have been propaganda. The second cartoon is unclear about what it is representing, the cartoon shows an Anzac soldier smoking. The soldier looks scruffy, hence maybe the aim of the artist was to give us the message that the Anzac soldiers were young, inexperienced and scruffy. However surely this cannot be accurate for each Anzac soldier, as there must have been some well trained Anzac soldiers. My first impression of this cartoon would be
AQA GCS Modern World History Coursework
AQA GCS Modern World History Coursework Source B is a photograph taken in September 1939 which tells us it was taken at the time of evacuation and it therefore is authentic. In source B the children look genuinely happy because they are smiling and waving but this could be posed for propaganda uses. Some of the children where excited about leaving, they saw the whole thing as an adventure. Other children were excited to go away especially as they were travelling by train because this was seen as a luxury back then and it was unlikely that working class people would have ever travelled on a train. The source is not showing us that some children didn't like the fact they were leaving their parents and were terrified. We know this because it shows us in Source C that the children where so scared they were too afraid to even talk but source C doesn't tell us why the children where that scared. For some it was the first time they were leaving their parents never mind the city and they didn't have a clue where they were going and who their hosts would be. In Source B we can see adults accompanied the children but it's not very clear as to who the adults are. Because the source is a photograph, it doesn't show us at what age the children where accompanied and what age you were aloud to go by yourself. Under 15s were to be accompanied but over 15s could travel alone for example.
In WW2, evacuation was very important for the safety of children, how effective was it?
History coursework - evacuation 2 In WW2, evacuation was very important for the safety of children. Government policy also meant that parents and children had different reactions. Many children who were evacuated had different views, good ones and bad ones. Some children didn't like evacuation because of the way they were treated. They were hit, scared, fed little food, abused and separated from their family. When Michael Caine was evacuated he shared a bed with a boy called Clarence. Clarence would wet the bed due to his nervousness; their foster mother was not able to tell who it was so she would beat both of them. So, with him getting hit he would wet the bed more because he was scared, this led to them being locked in a cupboard. Children were also made to work long hours for the hosts. A thirteen year old, middle-class boy said, "After school we were expected to sweep out Mr Benson's butcher's shop and scrub down the marble slabs." However, not all evacuation experiences were this bad, "We were given flannels and toothbrushes, we'd never cleaned out teeth up to now and hot water came from the tap." Many children had a very good time during evacuation, they played games like cricket, they had more food "Mrs Benson filled us up with thick slices of bread and margarine," were taught to ride a bike and even helped in shops such as butchers, some children enjoyed
Explain Why Women Didn't Get The Vote Between 1900 and 1914?
Explain Why Women Didn't Get The Vote Between 1900 and 1914? It was by no means a new thing that women were campaigning for 'universal suffrage' before 1900. Indeed it can be traced back as far as 1776 when the American Abigail Adams called for the Continental Congress in Philadelphia to recognise women when drafting the declaration of independence. Closer to home in 1792 Mary Wollstonecraft wrote a book called 'vindication of rights for women' which clearly advocated equality between men and women thus laying the foundations for a feminist movement. So, what we have to realise is that although this essay is largely centred around women failing to get the vote between 1900-1914, SOME women wanted the vote long before then. Before 1857, the laws seemed to have been extremely harsh unjustifiably to women and it became the most apparent with regards to the marriage laws. However, it was recognised by many men as well as women that the law was "very barbarous and very shocking" A lawyers Verdict page 310,source material and so because of this pressure parliament slowly passed three legislations in favour women, they are: The Married And Divorce Acts Of 1857 And 1858 : Gave women the right to sue for divorce. The Married Woman's Property Act Of 1870 : Women could possess property in their own name after marriage. The Married Women's Property Act of 1882 : After 1882,
Who did the most to win women the vote?
Who did the most to win women the vote? Women wanted the right to vote. Its as simple as that. Or is it? Through years leading up to 1918 women done horrendous acts for the attention of getting the right to vote for women. There were many things women could not do without the vote, such as; Become lawyers, work in banks, to get a degree and in jobs they were paid a lot less than men. The vote would have a large affect on women's lives and would gain more respect for them. So why didn't women have the vote? Men didn't believe that women should hold such the large responsibility to have a say in how the county is run. Men thought women were irrational and hysterical. They say man was created by god to rule over women and we have no right to alter this. Unfortunatley for the women most mp's were men, so they were at a huge loss. Being able to get them on there side was going to be a long and hard job. After all this hard work, death's and imprisonments women finally gained suffrage . This was because of the first world war, women finally had the chance to show men that they're just as good as them! Millicent Fawcett started the National Union of Women's Suffrage, what we know as the suffragists late in the 1890's. She believed in peaceful protest. She felt that any violence or trouble would persuade men that women could not be trusted with the vote. But these protests
Dunkirk - Defeat, Deliverance or Victory?
Dunkirk Defeat, Deliverance or Victory? Defeat Hitler's troops had captured Sedan and had started charging at 60 miles a day across France to the English channel. Churchill realised a speedy evacuation was needed to save the British Expeditionary Force, Operation Dynamo was put into action after, the allied troops retreated to Dunkirk where the Germans had pinned them in. Historian's views on Dunkirk are divided some feel that Dunkirk was a defeat because Britain lost a lot of ground, machinery, lives and morale in the forces and the British public was severely damaged. But then other historians feel Dunkirk was a victory due to the amount of men saved, the heroism of the air force, soldiers, navy and the British public who sailed their boats across and also the fact that the B.E.F was saved In many ways the defeat of Dunkirk can be defined in 3 ways, natural, military and morale defeat. A natural defeat is the number of soldiers killed in action and if there was wide spread panic. The other form of defeat is military this is the loss of craft(planes, ships, motor vehicles) and weaponry(tanks, ammunition, guns). A defeat in morale is a visible decrease in morale in the armed forces and in the public. There are many sources that back up Dunkirk was a natural defeat. Source 7 informs us of how men panicked while being bombed, it also talks about men queuing for boats up
The nation(TM)s old ways of life and thought perished in the mud of Flanders
Introduction I will be investigating whether or not 'The nation's old ways of life and thought perished in the mud of Flanders'. WW1 was a total war which meant that everyone in the country was involved. Not only the soldiers were involved in the war, the people at home were totally geared towards the war effort. Whole industries focused their attentions on producing arms and ammunition to aid the soldiers fighting. Because of this, usual, everyday things were not produced which further focused the attention on the war. In the phrase in question there are some words that need to be clearly defined to make the task easier. Nation refers to Britain, ways of life and thought includes political and economical attitudes and culture and mentality will be included. Perished in the mud of Flanders refers to the way that ways of life or thought temporarily or permanently changed after the war due to the huge losses of men and the shock of being involved in such a huge and horrific event. Overall I think that, as a nation, our political and social values changed massively and that the change was permanent and also our concept of remembrance. However certain events, e.g. women getting the vote, would have happened in the end anyway but the whole process was definitely speeded up by WW1 as women became to establish themselves as responsible and capable members of society while
Study John Keegan a well respected modern historian, and his views on sir general Haig in the first world war his view on Haig is that he was an 'efficient and highly skilled soldier who did much lead Britain to victory in the First World War'.
Question 3 I have been set a task to study John Keegan a well respected modern historian, and his views on sir general Haig in the first world war his view on Haig is that he was an 'efficient and highly skilled soldier who did much lead Britain to victory in the First World War'. I will now study closely to see if there is enough evidence to support this interpretation using sources and my own knowledge. Firstly I am going to going to look at part of a report written in December 1916, sent by Haig to the British Cabinet about the aftermath of the battle of the Somme, I can clearly see Haig was trying to defend himself he said 'The German Soldiers are practically beaten men' which was true, even Ludendorff the German army commander said 'my army has been fought to a standstill' but when Haig said 'The German casualties our greater than ours' you can see he is twisting the truth, but this source doesn't say much about his efficiency or skills. My second source is an anti-Haig poster; playing on a famous Kitchener's poster 'your country needs you' replaced with ' your country needsme- like a hole in the head which is what most of you are going to get 'this is clearly against haig but has no facts nor evidence to support keegans view. My third source is three extracts taken from Haig's report diary during the war, the first was written June 1916 prior to the battle of the
Galleries that house exhibitions of artworks.
Studio Arts Unit 4 Photography Research Assignment Outcome 3 . There are three different types of galleries that house exhibitions of artworks. One such form is a public gallery. A public gallery is a non-profit organisation who are funned by the government, bequests and donations. A public gallery is responsible for the collection, storage and display of artworks in accordance with gallery policies. They have a range of temporary exhibitions that cover a broad range of artistic styles and genres. Artworks may be the work of individual artists or a group of artists. The Bendigo Art Gallery for example displays the works of key contemporary artists who may be based in Bendigo or beyond. When an exhibition is held in the gallery, the gallery is responsible for the display of the work, organising and opening function, promotion of the exhibition through advertisement and promotions also through other media sources such as newspapers, television and radio. As public galleries do not gain a profit from exhibitions they are able to choose to display any kind of art, regardless of the artworks commercial appeal to the public audience. A commercial galleries are another type of gallery. They are a private business which is profit based. They are responsible for a stable of artists, which are selected by the Director of the galley. The artwork is displayed on a regular basis,