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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from British major towns and cities?

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Introduction

History GCSE Assignment - Question One - Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from British major towns and cities? Throughout the Summer and Autumn of 1938, the Prime Minister of the time, Neville Chamberlin, flew across Germany to meet with Adolf Hitler over the crisis in the Sudetenland. Neville Chamberlain was afraid that would take over the Sudetenland so he was trying to negotiate a peace treaty with Hitler to try and stop him taking over the Sudetenland. Because of the growing tension between Britain Neville Chamberlin was frequently flying over to Germany to meet with Hitler. On a flight over to Germany, Neville Chamberlin surveyed the houses below him with and with worry, seen that the British houses would be a prime target for German Bombers if a second World War ever came about. ...read more.

Middle

Because of the death scale of the first world war, Britain had anticipated that there would be an even higher death rate in this war, partially because of the fact that technology had moved on since the first world war, and that there were more advanced weapons available. Because of this reason, the government estimated that at least one million people would die in air raids alone. The government had exactly one million coffins built and they then began to evacuate children from all major British towns and cites. Another reason why Britain was well prepared for the Second World War was the All most immediately after war was declared, the British government began to evacuate children from the major cities and towns. When the war began, the British people expected the German airforce to start dropping bombs on Britain right away. ...read more.

Conclusion

They came up with the idea of air raid precautions, ARP for short. It became law, that air raid shelters had to be built and people to use gas masks as a form of protection in case gas bombs were dropped. A gas-mask was given to every person in the country and a law was passed that the gas mask would have to be carried at all times. Children would take the gas masks out to play and to school with them. Adults had to carry the gas masks as well The reason that this law was passed, was because people had seen and experienced gas in the first world war, and they knew the effects it could cause. By law people of all ages were taught how to use the gas masks properly so as to prevent illness from sudden gas attacks. As it happens, no gas bombs were dropped on Britain during World War two. Kate Gordon Page 1 08/05/2007 ...read more.

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