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William Shakespeare - The Comedy of errors - Dromio concludes the play - "We came into the world like brother and brother, and now let's go hand in hand, not one before another. "What does Shakespeare mean by this? How important is this statement in relat

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Introduction

Heather Smith- William Shakespeare Dromio concludes the play- "We came into the world like brother and brother, and now let's go hand in hand, not one before another." What does Shakespeare mean by this? How important is this statement in relation to the whole play? William Shakespeare writes the play "The Comedy Of Errors" focussing on inequalities, by concluding with the quote by Dromio, "We came into the world like brother and brother, and now let's go hand in hand not one before another." The two brothers are now together and have regained their identity. Identity is also important throughout this play due to the witty confusion and humorous genre. This humour however is not only to entertain the audience but also to influence and affect the audience's way of thinking about the aspects covered throughout "The Comedy Of Errors" set in Elizabethan England. The title, "The Comedy of Errors" immediately introduces the genre of the play, commencing the confusion. Identity and equality are important aspects that are tackled in William Shakespeare's play writing. These aspects are presented throughout, starting in Act 1, scene 1. Shakespeare's views on inequality are presented when the character "Duke" is directed to say "Both by the syracusians and ourselves, to admit no traffic to our adverse towns." By using this view of Syracusians and Ephesians, not being allowed to mix in the same country begins to explore inequality. Here, the aspect that the countries a law run and are very strict is portrayed to the audience again through speech from the character, Duke. "If any born at Ephesus be seen at any Syracusian marts or fairs; again: if any Syracusian born come to the bay of Ephesus, he dies." This shows how strict the law is and how Syracusians view Ephesians as unequal from themselves, and vice versa. This brings in historical context at the time of Elizabethan England as inequality was frequently accepted around the world. ...read more.

Middle

Luciana is Adriana's sister who has different beliefs from Adriana. Adriana is portrayed by the dramatist to be a strong believer in marriage and monogamy. The character is directed to believe that everyone should be married and that you are not complete without marriage. This combines a feeling of inequality between her and her Luciana because Luciana is not married and Adriana is. However, Luciana is portrayed to believe in freedom and believes that women should put up with men in marriage and the mistakes that they frequently make. This character is directed to find these mistakes normal, for example adultery. Whereas Adriana is a very jealous person always questioning her character husband, Antipholus. This is shown by Luciana's line, "Be secret false: what need she be acquainted?" Here, Luciana is advising Antipholus of Syracuse to tell Adriana what she wants to hear by lying about his adultery to make Adriana happy and not cause any upset. By the end of the play, Luciana realises that identity should consist of both the public and private view and they should be linked in some way therefore making fair judgements. Luciana's character's point in this scene therefore, is protecting her sister's image. Image is important throughout the whole play as it affects the perceptive view of the audience on the characters, which reflects on the play. Image also links with identity, because how we reveal ourselves alters our identity and shapes it to match our actions and personality. William Shakespeare then brings another character into the identity confusion of the play. Angelo confuses Antipholus of Syracuse for Antipholus of Ephesus. The fact that they are twins is very important because it makes the audience look at the perception of the character by the other characters on stage, e.g. Adriana. This confusion appears when Angelo is entered onto stage where another character is already present, Antipholus of Syracuse. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, the identity confusion starts to clear up here. When Egeon is confronted with Antipholus and Dromio of Ephesus, the character cannot understand why Antipholus and Dromio cannot recognise him. This is because it is actually Antipholus and Dromio of Syracuse and not Antipholus of Ephesus and Dromio Ephesus as he thought. Antipholus and Dromio of Ephesus do not recognise Egeon, Antipholus' father, because they have not seen each other since separation. However, Antipholus of Syracuse and Dromio of Syracuse recognise Egeon immediately. "Egeon, art thou not? Or else his ghost?" spoken by Antipholus of Syracuse. "O, my old master! Who hath bound him here?" spoken by Dromio of Syracuse. Within the play, the image and identity of the Abbess is contradicted as the Abbess now turns out to be Emilia, Egeon's wife. Therefore, making the abbess the mother of Antipholus twins. "Speak, old Egeon, if thou be'st the man that hadst a wife once call'd Emilia, that bore thee at a burthen two fair sons: O, if thou be'st the same Egeon, speak, and speak unto the same Emilia!" This speech written by William Shakespeare for the character Emilia to say is a powerful speech confirming her identity. "If I dream not, thou art Emilia: if thou art she, tell me, where is that son that floated with thee on the fatal raft?" This confirms Emilias identity as Egeon recognises her. Inequality is probably the most important aspect of William Shakespeare's writing of "The Comedy of Errors". It is a constant viewpoint relating with Antipholus of Ephesus, Antipholus of Syracuse, Dromio of Ephesus, and Dromio of Syracuse. At the end of the play "The Comedy of Errors", a question is raised 'Who is more important', 'Who should go first'. This is delivered through Shakespeare's playwriting concentrating on the two characters set on stage, 'Dromio of Syracuse' and 'Dromio of Ephesus'. The statement draws out all inequalities to grant justice and equality between brother and brother. "We all came into the world like brother and brother; and now lets go hand in hand, not one before another." ...read more.

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