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Write about how writers use endings in 3 of the texts that you have studied. Dickens, Hardy and Roy.

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Write about how writers use endings in 3 of the texts that you have studied "I work hard for a sufficient living, and therefore yes, I do well" comes at the close of Dickens' "Great Expectations", and reveals a latent redemption of Pip's previous condemnation that "the universal struggle" had caused him to be unashamedly "disgusted with his calling and his life". This feature of Dickens' novel's ending allies with the consolidation of the trains of imagery that he seeks to define, alongside the question of the original ending and how it varies the tone of the novel. Roy's "The God of Small Things" features an ending that paradoxically falls into the line of a non-linear perspective, creating a "sicksweet" atmosphere which she seeks to both personalise and universalise- allowing her to use ending to also extend along trains of imagery. Finally Hardy's own endings both take on a literal quality with the diminuendo nature of both "The Voice" and "At An Inn", but the concept of ending as a metaphorical representation of death also comes across, "Your Last Drive" being a prevalent example. Hardy's use of ending in his work takes on a multi-dimensional significance in a literal and figurative sense, as he addresses both the close of a poem, and the closing of life. "The Voice" closes with the image of "wind oozing from norward" and the bitter indictment of, "And the woman, calling". This is in great contrast to the opening of the poem, with its lyrical effervescence of "Woman much missed how you call ...read more.


For example "Ammu's Road" now has "a small sunny meadow", unlike its previous emptiness, its "wilder sort of walk". She also references the all encompassing nature of "The Terror", showing how even at the end of a narrative, pervading images can still hold a powerful sway, even in this case, against an unconventionally non-linear narrative. This could represent the power of these images over "the scurry of small lives" that the novel represents, or possibly that these images are in fact "the small things" that seep into the novel, just as for example the death of Sophie Mol "hid in books and food". The fact that the narrative of "The God of Small Things" is non-linear possesses great significance to the ending in other aspects as well- it leads to the ideas of where the ending truly is, how the use of placement of ending affects the tone of the novel. The chosen ending could be said to give the novel a tone that it reinforces itself- it is "sicksweet". This is backed up by the superficial perceived positivity of "tomorrow", as although the ending would seem to possess hope for the future, the non-linear narrative shatters this hope, as the reader knows that Ammu and Velutha's tomorrow will be one of "smashed smiles" and "a lucky leaf that wasn't lucky enough". This relates to Roy using her ending to create a desired tone, as well as using the concept of foreshadowing to a greater extent than it is conventionally employed- it creates an atmosphere of the "sicksweet" closing ...read more.


This choice leads to a similar perspective to the one placed upon Roy's use of ending in choice- although Dickens' ending was a publisher's decision, why he chose to write the ending as he did is still questionable. The original ending is more in line with the tone of disappointment that pervades the novel's "universal struggle", but the language of the published ending, the glorified "broad expanse of tranquil light" that can be seen to both illuminate Estella but also to shroud true realisation from Pip can also be seen to be appropriate, as it reflects the aforementioned ideas of consistent naivety, and also runs in line with the idea of all other redemption being latent and inherently unfulfilled- Miss Havisham and Magwitch as examples. Therefore, Dickens also uses ending to exemplify character, and tone individual to certain aspects of the narrative, in both a consistent and opposing manner. In conclusion, the three writers use endings in multi-faceted ways, across individual and contexts. Hardy uses ending as not just a method of defining validity of feeling and exclusivity of emotional experience, but also to discuss the concept of "the end", and how a change of tone or style in his literary endings can reflect heavily on these wider interpretations. Roy also achieves this, but alongside Dickens also uses ending to both consolidate and challenge thematic and tonal issues, allowing them to both utilise ending to embellish their narratives further than would normally be possible, provoking intrigue over not just their own texts, but as with all three of the writers, intrigue over what the concept of the ending is really about. ...read more.

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