• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Write about how writers use endings in 3 of the texts that you have studied. Dickens, Hardy and Roy.

Extracts from this document...


Write about how writers use endings in 3 of the texts that you have studied "I work hard for a sufficient living, and therefore yes, I do well" comes at the close of Dickens' "Great Expectations", and reveals a latent redemption of Pip's previous condemnation that "the universal struggle" had caused him to be unashamedly "disgusted with his calling and his life". This feature of Dickens' novel's ending allies with the consolidation of the trains of imagery that he seeks to define, alongside the question of the original ending and how it varies the tone of the novel. Roy's "The God of Small Things" features an ending that paradoxically falls into the line of a non-linear perspective, creating a "sicksweet" atmosphere which she seeks to both personalise and universalise- allowing her to use ending to also extend along trains of imagery. Finally Hardy's own endings both take on a literal quality with the diminuendo nature of both "The Voice" and "At An Inn", but the concept of ending as a metaphorical representation of death also comes across, "Your Last Drive" being a prevalent example. Hardy's use of ending in his work takes on a multi-dimensional significance in a literal and figurative sense, as he addresses both the close of a poem, and the closing of life. "The Voice" closes with the image of "wind oozing from norward" and the bitter indictment of, "And the woman, calling". This is in great contrast to the opening of the poem, with its lyrical effervescence of "Woman much missed how you call ...read more.


For example "Ammu's Road" now has "a small sunny meadow", unlike its previous emptiness, its "wilder sort of walk". She also references the all encompassing nature of "The Terror", showing how even at the end of a narrative, pervading images can still hold a powerful sway, even in this case, against an unconventionally non-linear narrative. This could represent the power of these images over "the scurry of small lives" that the novel represents, or possibly that these images are in fact "the small things" that seep into the novel, just as for example the death of Sophie Mol "hid in books and food". The fact that the narrative of "The God of Small Things" is non-linear possesses great significance to the ending in other aspects as well- it leads to the ideas of where the ending truly is, how the use of placement of ending affects the tone of the novel. The chosen ending could be said to give the novel a tone that it reinforces itself- it is "sicksweet". This is backed up by the superficial perceived positivity of "tomorrow", as although the ending would seem to possess hope for the future, the non-linear narrative shatters this hope, as the reader knows that Ammu and Velutha's tomorrow will be one of "smashed smiles" and "a lucky leaf that wasn't lucky enough". This relates to Roy using her ending to create a desired tone, as well as using the concept of foreshadowing to a greater extent than it is conventionally employed- it creates an atmosphere of the "sicksweet" closing ...read more.


This choice leads to a similar perspective to the one placed upon Roy's use of ending in choice- although Dickens' ending was a publisher's decision, why he chose to write the ending as he did is still questionable. The original ending is more in line with the tone of disappointment that pervades the novel's "universal struggle", but the language of the published ending, the glorified "broad expanse of tranquil light" that can be seen to both illuminate Estella but also to shroud true realisation from Pip can also be seen to be appropriate, as it reflects the aforementioned ideas of consistent naivety, and also runs in line with the idea of all other redemption being latent and inherently unfulfilled- Miss Havisham and Magwitch as examples. Therefore, Dickens also uses ending to exemplify character, and tone individual to certain aspects of the narrative, in both a consistent and opposing manner. In conclusion, the three writers use endings in multi-faceted ways, across individual and contexts. Hardy uses ending as not just a method of defining validity of feeling and exclusivity of emotional experience, but also to discuss the concept of "the end", and how a change of tone or style in his literary endings can reflect heavily on these wider interpretations. Roy also achieves this, but alongside Dickens also uses ending to both consolidate and challenge thematic and tonal issues, allowing them to both utilise ending to embellish their narratives further than would normally be possible, provoking intrigue over not just their own texts, but as with all three of the writers, intrigue over what the concept of the ending is really about. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Criticism & Comparison essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The English Patient

    5 star(s)

    With the confidence that comes with experience, Hana cares for the English patient, bringing him morphine and washing his wounds. Yet she still clings to vestiges of innocence that allow her to feel like a child-some nights, she goes out in the garden to play hopscotch.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Within the three texts, Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh, Look back in Anger by ...

    4 star(s)

    The whole piece of imagery present in this one of Jimmy?s speeches is extremely powerful to the audience. Osbourne carries on the snake metaphor with Jimmy stating that the ?indigestible mess? that he is would ?stir up some kind of terror? within her.

  1. Compare and contrast the ways in which the writers of 'Frankenstein' and 'The Picture ...

    Shelley shows him as considering himself the 'murderer or William, of Justine, and of Clerval' via his 'murderous machinations'29. However, Shelley never depicts him as repentant for his transgressions towards the monster: he claims himself to be 'more miserable than man ever was before'30 and certainly repents the pain that

  2. The Use of The Four Elements in The Wars

    This weapon was capable of taking out an entire fleet of enemy soldiers. This weapon was chlorine gas. When inhaled, the gas causes a fluid to build up in the lungs. Once enough fluid builds up, the person will drown in the fluids, and die from asphyxiation.

  1. Wise Children's Narrative Voice

    This gives the impression that this is an after thought, and the narrator is making up as she goes along, improvisation. This gives the narration a natural feel, as opposed to a pre-rehearsed, artificial feel sometimes apparent in other books of this nature; however it can cause some confusion to

  2. Compare the ways the writers of your texts create a sense of fear in ...

    It is clear that Sethe?s past is sensitive to her, she?s known to ?beat back the past,? every day at work, showing that her past is a battle that she has to face often, and come to a reality to.

  1. How do the writers present sexuality and gender in Tales Of Ovid, Streetcar Named ...

    Bunty?s quest for stardom and self-discovery conflicts with a mode of motherhood that requires service, sacrifice, and selflessness. As she moves into adulthood during World War II, Bunty tries out a series of different quixotic identities in the search for selfhood; Deanna Durbin[57], Scarlett O?Hara[58] and Greer Garson[59].

  2. Short stories. I have chosen to discuss Can-can by Arturo Vivante and The ...

    ?Other people enjoy themselves, Mrs Carter said? (Greene 1982:74). The couple would be from a middle-class background to be in Thailand and later in the story we are told that Mr Carter is a businessman. Greene portrays Mrs Carter as almost being desperate in wanting to please her husband Mr Carter, by wanting to be exciting and experiment but

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work