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Cairo - Egypt, North Africa.

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Introduction

Cairo. (Egypt, North Africa). Cairo has been described as one of the world's most unattractive cities. It has a population of around 15 million and is still growing. It is located on the banks of the river Nile's delta. The soil in the area is rich and very fertile, which makes the area excellent farmland. Migrants come from the whole of the region to live in Cairo. This is perhaps due to the services and jobs available there. The only problem is that they have nowhere to move in to, except for other people's roofs or the "City of The Dead". The lack of accommodation is not solely due to their expense, but also to the lack of room for expansion. It is because of this that some regions of Cairo have illegally high buildings exceeding ten floors, have been allowed to "Rise up." The government merely turns a blind eye to them because of the desperate need for housing. Migrants that settle on the roofs of buildings are called, "Roof top Dwellers". They tend to inhabit the roofs of the places in which they work. An example of this would be a caretaker for an office block, who walked up a flight of stairs, up on to the roof when it was time to go home. ...read more.

Middle

The government, however, does not collect the majority of it, but instead a Christian group does. They go around the streets of Cairo and collect rubbish, sort it and then recycle it. From this they gain substantial revenue and the streets of large areas of Cairo are kept clean. Solving The Problem of Overpopulation. Cairo had and has too big a population. This means that there are strains on the resources of the city and further population growth could de-stabilise the economy. To solve this problem, the government has tried to build towns in the desert and is subsidising families to go and live there. Fifty miles away, a new town was constructed. A typical apartment has two bedrooms, a kitchen and a living room. Roof top dwellers and migrants only dream about this sort of size and this is what is attractive. The major miscalculation made by the government was that people need a source of income and this means employment. Jobs are in the city, Cairo, and few others exist outside of the city. It is for this reason that the new town has been deemed a dismal failure and that perhaps people are more reluctant to flock there. The solution to this would be to subsidise businesses and firms to locate near the new towns, or to provide a source of transportation to carry workers to and from the places at which they work. ...read more.

Conclusion

The lack of glass means that the room stays cool during the day, and can be kept warm at night. The bulk of new construction takes place on the flood plains. This is a mistake that has been made and suffered greatly by many people in the western world. The reason a flood plain is there is to accommodate the excess discharge in a river during a rainy season. It would therefore be logical and sensible not to build on these areas of land. This is because flooding destroys houses and vast amounts of money are spent on repairing flood-damaged areas. In the case of Cairo there is not only the risk of flooding, but all the farmland that has sustained the region since Egyptian times will be lost. There are no more deposits of alluvium and other areas are generally poor for farming. It seems that Egypt is making a mistake that mirrors and magnifies those made by us. We in Britain are less and less dependent on farming as a source of economic stability. In an under developed economy such as Egypt's, farming could be a vast resource. Food production could be increased, jobs created, revenue would be generated and famine could be kept minimal in the northern region of Africa, not just Egypt. The conclusion is that LEDC's should not adopt western solutions and trends before having analysed the advantages and disadvantages and the overall affect that they will have on the economy and the country as a whole. ...read more.

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