• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case Study: An Overpopulated Country - Bangladesh

Extracts from this document...


Discuss and explain the efforts made by both the public and private sector in managing tourism Tourism management mainly aims to reduce negative impacts of tourism, so as to achieve a more sustainable form of tourism. Sustainability in this context refers to the ability to develop and operate tourism in a way that both satisfies current needs and assure future viability of the industry. It has been recognised that for sustainable tourism to be viable, efforts need to be made by both public sector and the private sector. Depending on merely market forces will not achieve sustainability. The public sector, or mainly the government, can lay out laws and legislation, conduct research, as well as provide funds and expertise to aid sustainable tourism development and management, while the private sector can aid research in achieving sustainability, donate to funds and adopt sustainability into their tourism operations. The government can initiate sustainable tourism management. Negative impacts are felt by people involved in tourism, but most of the time, no actions were taken to remedy this problem. ...read more.


However, one limitation is that usually only the government has the means to encourage such research. In addition, the public sector can develop and improve infrastructure needed for sustainable tourism. For example, in Pattaya, the Pattaya Rehabilitation Program has resulted in the development and operation of a much need facilities such as wastewater treatment plant, water reservoirs, roadways and commercial areas, as well as environmental development such as creation of parks. On the other hand, the private sector also plays an important role in managing tourism. The private sector can share information with the public sector to aid research in achieving sustainable tourism, as well as contribute to sustainable tourism by donations to funds financing sustainable management. For example, Citigroup Foundation donated $150,000 dollars in 2006 to support the Rainforest Alliance, which promote sustainable tourism development in Latin America. Also, although the government can facilitate sustainable management, the effectiveness often lies on whether the tourism operations abide with sustainability. An example of such cooperation can be seen in Masoka, Zimbabwe, where safari operators remove the rubbish of safari hunters after each hunt. ...read more.


Another limitation is that due to profit motives, the private sector may be unenthusiastic in developing sustainable tourism. Sustainable tourism requires efforts such as cleaning up pollution and improving infrastructure, as well as limiting tourist number to a manageable figure. These can translate to a reduction in overall profits as operational costs increases and overall revenue falls. Also, sustainable management often require large funds in developing needed infrastructure and expertise and knowledge in management. This may not be available to some countries. However, it can be seen today that the severity of this problems are reduced with support from international agencies such as the Worldwide Fund for Nature. Lastly, one mistake seen in trying to achieve sustainable tourism is the undermining of local community's involvement. It has been recognised that one of the key to achieving sustainable tourism is a high involvement of local community in the planning, management and operation. Therefore, the private sector should not only include commercial companies, but also the local community. In conclusion, both the public and private sector are important in managing tourism. Successful tourism management requires an adequate level of cooperation between the authority, commercial companies and local communities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    and the travel agencies receive a commission for been the one who sells the product for them. Tour operation markets provide products and services for three main categories of tourism which are: * Outbound * Inbound * Domestic Outbound Operators The majority of outbound operators are situated in the UK and they organize packaged holidays.

  2. Banana wars case study

    such as DBCP can easily get in contact with the workers skin and cause an array of problems. These chemicals can also contaminate local water sources, the irrigation used in the banana plantations usually flow right into the local river, also the main source of

  1. Pros and Cons of Tourism in Windsor

    Because there are lots of tourists visiting Windsor the prices tend to be higher, for this reason most of the questioned peoples mentioned expensive prices. Positive effects of tourism At Windsor I have asked approximately twenty people for the main reason for there coming to Windsor, and the majority said

  2. Investigating Travel and Tourism

    This means the public can Computerised Booking Systems. Before there was a computerised booking system, travel agents used to work with wall charts. On these charts they had lists of available different resorts and airlines. People had to write out tickets which weren't very efficient.

  1. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    In the following piece of text I will make numerous comments related to the question "Are the impacts of tourism and recreation being effectively managed?", however I will also make references back to my graphs and diagrams which in turn give me a reason for every point that I will make.

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    Wilderness travel involves personal re-creation through primitive travel in natural environments that are devoid of human disturbance. Adventure travel is personal accomplishment through the thrills of dominating dangerous environments. Car camping is safe family travel in the interface between the wild and the civilised (Eagles, 1995a).

  1. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    Cardiff is situated in south east Wales. It is a costal city and it is the capital of the country. The city itself covers an area of 2.6sq miles. It has a population of 324,800. Accessibility There are a few ways to get to Cardiff. As you can see on the map the M4 motorway (Blue)

  2. Does Antarctica need protecting?

    * People want to visit (benefits the country's tourism) So the bigger the claim the better the country's economy will be (if the country can manage its claim). Viewpoints Many people have different viewpoints on how Antarctica should be used. The following groups of people have things to say about Antarctica: Fisherman - They say that Antarctica should be

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work