• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Chinese population policy 1949-2004

Extracts from this document...


China's population problems can be reduced to 4 main periods. 1949- The Peoples Republic of China the Peoples Republic of China actually encouraged families to have many children. This was an attempt to create more workers who lived in a communist environment and who would hopefully improve production. From 1950 to 1960 China's population increased by over 100 million from 554 760 in 1950 to 657 492 in 1960. 1958-Famine Although there was a net increase in China's population the Famine in 1959 decreased numbers significantly. 1970-Introduction of population controlling measures This is probably the most significant phase in the population problems in Chin as it was in this period that the extent of population growth became noticed. The government started to take action as the many problems of China's population growth had started to become evident. Here are just a few of the financial and social problems China had to face. * The population increase put to much pressure on the national income; in fact one quarter of the national income was used each year for coping with additional population. ...read more.


It was enforced by a number of benefits and penalties. Benefits If a child was from a one child family he would * receive �20 a year for the rest of his or life. * receive a free education * have priority to a university place * Priority to jobs * Receive regular medical check ups * The parent could have an extra 3 months maternity leave Penalties It a family had more that one child then there were many penalties * The family receives no benefits * The parents could be socially rejected from society * The parents could have 5% of their salary reduced. * The family could be fined Birth control measures are distributed to couples and propaganda was used to make people feel like it was their duty to have one child. One of the main reasons for the success of the one child policy was the way it was implemented. At work Many factories kept a good eye on their workers and made sure that they only had one child. ...read more.


This has led to a huge imbalance of the sexes. * Many people were forced to be sterilized and have abortions. * The amount of elderly dependants has increased while the amount of youthful dependants has decreased putting more strain on the next generation as they must cater for this. * Due to the age imbalance China will not have enough workers for the future. The Future Although the one child policy is not strictly observed any longer it is China's target to reduce it's population to 800 million by 2099 and in 200 years time 300 million. Although China has achieved it's targets for reducing it's population increase it is important that they address the problems of having a large proportion of their population as elderly dependants much like the problems faced by many MEDCs. With increasing medical care and better quality of life people are living longer not just in China but on a global scale and when the problem of reducing population increase is over this new problem will arise. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    the abandonment of communism in the economic sphere, and that is what this project aims to ascertain. Did the introduction of a market take the poor out of the driving seat, replacing them with an entrepreneurial elite? Did this in turn lead on to a lowering in the standard of living of the rural working poor?

  2. Free essay

    Traffic Calming Measures in Lichfield

    most accurate of readings due to factors as a result of human error, which could have altered the readings.


    The Mongolian language consists of several dialects, but in religion it is a unifying force; most Mongolians are believers in Tibetan Buddhism. A few linguistic minorities in China belong to neither the Sino-Tibetan nor the Altaic language family. The Tajik of westernmost Sinkiang are related to the population of Tajikistan and belong to the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    * In 1950 5-12 ha were needed to support each cow. By the 1980's stocking rates had risen to 2-6 ha per cow, exceeding carrying capacity of land, causing soil erosion and degradation. Year round grazing prevented these areas from recovering.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    It has good accessibility for deliveries and shoppers, a large workforce available, cheap land for initial costs and expansion, and space for building and car parking. Shop types: The centre is triangular with three anchor stores (John Lewis, Marks & Spencers and House of Fraser,)

  2. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    HYPOTHESIS 2 TABLE Settlement Centrality Index Centrality Rank Portaferry 1995 1 Millisle 787 3 Portavogie 394 5 Ballywalter 770 4 Kircubbin 1449 2 Greyabbey 256 9 Cloughy 249 10 Carrowdore 348 6 Ballyhalbert 261 8 Loughries 25 15 Rubane 68 13 Ballygalget 31 14 Ballycrambeg 15 17 Glastry 265 7

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work