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Chinese population policy 1949-2004

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Introduction

China's population problems can be reduced to 4 main periods. 1949- The Peoples Republic of China the Peoples Republic of China actually encouraged families to have many children. This was an attempt to create more workers who lived in a communist environment and who would hopefully improve production. From 1950 to 1960 China's population increased by over 100 million from 554 760 in 1950 to 657 492 in 1960. 1958-Famine Although there was a net increase in China's population the Famine in 1959 decreased numbers significantly. 1970-Introduction of population controlling measures This is probably the most significant phase in the population problems in Chin as it was in this period that the extent of population growth became noticed. The government started to take action as the many problems of China's population growth had started to become evident. Here are just a few of the financial and social problems China had to face. * The population increase put to much pressure on the national income; in fact one quarter of the national income was used each year for coping with additional population. ...read more.

Middle

It was enforced by a number of benefits and penalties. Benefits If a child was from a one child family he would * receive �20 a year for the rest of his or life. * receive a free education * have priority to a university place * Priority to jobs * Receive regular medical check ups * The parent could have an extra 3 months maternity leave Penalties It a family had more that one child then there were many penalties * The family receives no benefits * The parents could be socially rejected from society * The parents could have 5% of their salary reduced. * The family could be fined Birth control measures are distributed to couples and propaganda was used to make people feel like it was their duty to have one child. One of the main reasons for the success of the one child policy was the way it was implemented. At work Many factories kept a good eye on their workers and made sure that they only had one child. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has led to a huge imbalance of the sexes. * Many people were forced to be sterilized and have abortions. * The amount of elderly dependants has increased while the amount of youthful dependants has decreased putting more strain on the next generation as they must cater for this. * Due to the age imbalance China will not have enough workers for the future. The Future Although the one child policy is not strictly observed any longer it is China's target to reduce it's population to 800 million by 2099 and in 200 years time 300 million. Although China has achieved it's targets for reducing it's population increase it is important that they address the problems of having a large proportion of their population as elderly dependants much like the problems faced by many MEDCs. With increasing medical care and better quality of life people are living longer not just in China but on a global scale and when the problem of reducing population increase is over this new problem will arise. ...read more.

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