• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Essay On Urban Population, Megacities And Motivation

Extracts from this document...


Essay On Urban Population, Megacities And Motivation The social phenomenon of urbanization and emergence of megacities in the world's inhabitation pattern is proved to be an effect that co-exists with human. The biggest launch of the early centuries was caused by the Industrial Revolution and in the latest years, Globalization, established a new basis to the issue. It has been observed to have had a most rapid growing rate in the 20th century due to mainly internal migration of native people from rural areas to cities, that in combination with the global growing birth rate and technology revolution has brought this effect to the proscenium of more economically developed countries and developing countries of the world. As a result of this, several "megacities" have been created with population over 10 million people. Urbanization has raised a series of major problems in energy supply, homelessness, pollution and destruction of natural habitats, high concentration of population and crime. Alongside with urbanization, side effects raised e.g. conurbation. In general terms urbanization is caused by the mass population searching for better living standards, more chances of employment and higher wages, as it is believed that services and economy are concentrated and mainly developed in cities. ...read more.


However, as there is no universal agreement over what constitutes an urban area, there have been two different estimates of populations of major cities as predicted for the year 2000 (for example, Mexico City was predicted to reach 26.3 million according to one estimate, and 31 million according to another). More typically, there has been the extension of vast urbanized regions, for example in New England and on the Pacific coast of California, in which the next phase of suburbanization has occurred. It is thus possible to find under-urbanization, as in provincial Russia where industrial plants have been constructed without the infrastructure of housing and recreation facilities, over-urbanization, as in the Latin American and African centres of urban population, and rapid suburbanization (also known as deurbanization), as in the United States, where towns are linked into a common labour market by advanced transport and communication. This, along with rural migration, has involved a rapid rise in commuting from outer suburbs and new towns. The rapid development of both communication and production has speeded up the emergence of a global village. ...read more.


If it's a country to the borders of USA they will try again. But except these problems Los Angeles has got to deal with the great seismic activity in the local area. Possible solutions that MEDC's can give is council houses, jobs and education courses for the homeless so that they can rejoin the community and the active potential of the country. Actions like these take place in Los Angeles e.g. project "Step" that is aiming the purposes mentioned above. Solutions like these aren't feasible to other countries and this is a push factor for people to leave the country. Another solution would be for the rich to move to edge cities so the suburbs are developed and poorer people can move in to the centre. The fact is that housing has become difficult to the vast majority of the big cities. Although cities seem the only way out from the stagnancy of the country survival problems do exist for a great number and sometimes it's worse in cities as it is thought that shantytowns and this image of poverty spoils the big luxurious cities and their tourism and as an outcome those people on the line of indigence are superseded. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Malthus Essay

    And example of this is the one child policy in china. In the 1970s, in an attempt to slow down the rate of population growth, the Chinese government introduced a number of measures to try to reduce the country's birth rate.

  2. Why was Malthus wrong about Japan?

    An increase in the number of people living in cities could account for a high national mortality level; however improvements in the standard of living meant that death rates actually decreased in these areas. It seems that in this period of Japan's history contrasting factors were at work keeping the death rates at a constant level.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    area at the top of the Serra do Mar mountain range (southeast region) was inhabited by the Guaian�s indigenous population. The first white man to settle there was the Portuguese sailor Joao Ramalho, survivor of a shipwreck in 1510 on the Sao Paulo shore.

  2. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    Because, as people moved father away from the CBD there was more land for people to build larger houses on. Stopping point Type of housing 1 Sutton road Detached 2 Fallow field road Mixture of semi-detached, detached and bungalows 3 Grove hill Semi-detached 4 Sutton road Semi-detached 5 The willows

  1. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    The same thing happened during English Peasant's Revolt in 1381. So whereas the French peasantry at the end of the thirteenth century were amongst the freest and richest in Europe, by the end of the fourteenth century they were on their way to serfdom and the foundations were already being laid for the French Revolution.

  2. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    The inner city is pedestrianised. However, if the number of vehicles continue increasing, the city will soon be grid locked, so action needs to take place. There are some plans, such as to install large park and ride car parks at Glinton and Hampton, for commuters, but more needs to be done.

  1. The Pakistan Flag was designed by Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

    The all-pervasive aridity over most of Pakistan, the predominant influence on the life and habitat of the people, coupled with the climatic rhythm, characteristic of a monsoon climate, are conducive to homogeneity of the land. Seasons The four well-marked seasons in Pakistan are:- (i) Cold season (December to March). (ii)

  2. Helping the Street Children in Metropolitan Jakarta

    They were forced to leave the school for work, to provide themselves and help the family economy. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1989, has conveyed that there are a number of rights of children should be guaranteed and fulfilled by the state, which every

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work