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Essay On Urban Population, Megacities And Motivation

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Introduction

Essay On Urban Population, Megacities And Motivation The social phenomenon of urbanization and emergence of megacities in the world's inhabitation pattern is proved to be an effect that co-exists with human. The biggest launch of the early centuries was caused by the Industrial Revolution and in the latest years, Globalization, established a new basis to the issue. It has been observed to have had a most rapid growing rate in the 20th century due to mainly internal migration of native people from rural areas to cities, that in combination with the global growing birth rate and technology revolution has brought this effect to the proscenium of more economically developed countries and developing countries of the world. As a result of this, several "megacities" have been created with population over 10 million people. Urbanization has raised a series of major problems in energy supply, homelessness, pollution and destruction of natural habitats, high concentration of population and crime. Alongside with urbanization, side effects raised e.g. conurbation. In general terms urbanization is caused by the mass population searching for better living standards, more chances of employment and higher wages, as it is believed that services and economy are concentrated and mainly developed in cities. ...read more.

Middle

However, as there is no universal agreement over what constitutes an urban area, there have been two different estimates of populations of major cities as predicted for the year 2000 (for example, Mexico City was predicted to reach 26.3 million according to one estimate, and 31 million according to another). More typically, there has been the extension of vast urbanized regions, for example in New England and on the Pacific coast of California, in which the next phase of suburbanization has occurred. It is thus possible to find under-urbanization, as in provincial Russia where industrial plants have been constructed without the infrastructure of housing and recreation facilities, over-urbanization, as in the Latin American and African centres of urban population, and rapid suburbanization (also known as deurbanization), as in the United States, where towns are linked into a common labour market by advanced transport and communication. This, along with rural migration, has involved a rapid rise in commuting from outer suburbs and new towns. The rapid development of both communication and production has speeded up the emergence of a global village. ...read more.

Conclusion

If it's a country to the borders of USA they will try again. But except these problems Los Angeles has got to deal with the great seismic activity in the local area. Possible solutions that MEDC's can give is council houses, jobs and education courses for the homeless so that they can rejoin the community and the active potential of the country. Actions like these take place in Los Angeles e.g. project "Step" that is aiming the purposes mentioned above. Solutions like these aren't feasible to other countries and this is a push factor for people to leave the country. Another solution would be for the rich to move to edge cities so the suburbs are developed and poorer people can move in to the centre. The fact is that housing has become difficult to the vast majority of the big cities. Although cities seem the only way out from the stagnancy of the country survival problems do exist for a great number and sometimes it's worse in cities as it is thought that shantytowns and this image of poverty spoils the big luxurious cities and their tourism and as an outcome those people on the line of indigence are superseded. ...read more.

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