• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16

Examine the components of a 24-hour city

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CHAPTER 1: THE THEORTICAL CONTEXT 1.1 OBJECTIVES AND RATIONALE London has an arguable case to suggest whether or not it is a 24-hour city. At the moment, there are many issues that need to be resolved and implemented before it can be crowned with the rest of the leading world cities like New York, Berlin, Amsterdam, Japan, etc as a 24-hour destination. But more to the point objectively, does London have the capabilities to becoming more than it is now? Hence, more of a city that is generalized like such destinations mentioned. A predicted difficult aim to achieve, however, more challenging in knowing that no dissertation has been written on such a topic. The following objectives for this dissertation are as follows: Objective 1: To examine the components of a 24-hour city (What makes a 24-hour city is the aim of this objective. It will also focus on infrastructure in sustaining a 24-hour city) Objective 2: To investigate the West End as an entertainment district. (Assessing a S.W.O.T analysis on the district will carry this out. It will aim to establish the extent of the late-night economy within the district.) Objective 3: To investigate on the development opportunities to create the area of London Bridge as a 24 hour district. (The aim of this objective is to recognize opportunity development, and to see whether or not by creating the district will help relive pressures in the West-End.) Objective 4: To investigate on an effective management approach of sustaining a 24-hour district in London. (This objective will aim to achieve possible ways in sustaining a future for London as a 24-hour city.) 1.2 HYPOTHESIES The West End has a unique character that attracts a range of people who participate in a variety of activities. The increase of activities in the West End, relates to the demand to be spread, where possible, to other districts in London - such as the area in London Bridge. ...read more.

Middle

The concept of urban tourism is of that the activity is participated in urban areas or commonly in cities. With increasing trends that are deriving the late night economy, such as work and lifestyle pattern, and city center living, negative impacts such as anti-social/ criminal behavior, noise, and of course the growing disadvantage of drugs and alcohol are more seen within city center's area's (LGA, 2002). With the mentioned disadvantages, establishing more of London as a 24-hour economy will not only just create more jobs, but will also create possible future tourism for the city, hence, an economic benefit. Urban tourism can also be a form of inner city regeneration. Places or area's of opportunity for development, can be beneficial to not just the visitors, but also to the local residents the importance of culture in a location, is a tool to "re-imaging the city on and international stage" (Lovatt and O'Connor, 1995 P: 129) However, it is arguably to say that the key impacts can be minimized, and benefits generated as whole, but all of which need to be carefully planned. In context, to the impacts that the West-end is currently facing, the increase of participation and levels of demand are beyond the area's capabilities and are over spilling negative impacts (WCC, 2002). Although the area of the West-End is the cities main cultural quarter or late night economy district, it fails to manage and sustain its credibility. As the city's key hotspots not only for the late night economy, but also for being a district that is concentrated with high levels of street crime. An aspect in which can determine the future role and function of London as a 24-hour city. 2.5 Business Improvement Districts (BIDS) The general opinion of the planning system in this country is failing to recognize that time is of an important element. Its holistic approach is very beaucractic fails to manage key issues at hand at local level. ...read more.

Conclusion

Westminster City Council / Southwark Council An interview with a representative who works in the management of the West-End and the area of London-Bridge will help provide valuable information to the extent of the late-night economy in the given areas. Central Cities Institute This is an optional bonus, if a representative from the institute based at the University of Westminster. The aim for this interview would help give an academic overview in the growing possibilities that a 24-hour economy can bring to the city. OTHER QUALITATIVE RESEARCH THAT CAN BE CONDUCTED Still Photography The aid of photography can help to create a clear image to what the West-End is, and what the area of London Bridge can be. Digitally enhanced images with the help of using the software program - Photoshop can create an image of the possible future in the area of London Bridge. CHAPTER 7. CONCLUSION The initial concept of 24-hour cities when first read, had raised the question on "does the government have the capabilities in foreseeing a sustainable world city? The answer was then followed by the many concerns, which are key problems that the city is currently facing. An interesting fact that the study indicates is there are more people in the streets between the times of 4am -5am than during the morning rush hour. The study is also realistic to the fact that transport plays a vital role in the district of the west end. It rules out on the possibilities that the transport network, in particular to the tube will ever become a 24-hour basis, hence, ownership of London Underground. The late night economy concept is very unlikely to be diminished, in comparison to other economies that are in London. Therefore, the importance in sustaining a "world-class city", as the mayor ken Livingston suggests, the government needs to manage the growing trend. In particular at his administration level, and work together with other local agencies. The concept of 24-hour city in London is more of a misnomer and of an 18-20 hour economy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    In the UK it has partnerships with other organizations such as the British Council. The National Tourist Boards (NTB's) These were established in 1969 when the Development of Tourism Act was passed. The English Tourism Council (ETC) replaced the English Tourism Board in 1999 These are responsible for promoting domestic tourism in their own countries.

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    These statistics are vital for the businessmen who invest money into these risky ventures, as investments can sometimes be un successful and losses can amount to several millions of pounds. For example: * Pepsi One Roller coaster �12,000,000 * Nemesis ride �10,000,000 These are two famous examples, these were somewhat successful.

  1. The UK travel and tourism industry

    * The objective of the arbitrator is to arrive at a conclusion that is fair and reasonable in the circumstances, looking at all the evidence presented by both parties. * The award is issued in writing and gives a summary of the facts, the conclusions and reasons for reaching them.

  2. Investigating Travel and Tourism

    Technological Developments. Improved and reliable car technology. Cars are always improving, whether its fastness or size. In recent times cars have become much more reliable and efficient. There are so many cars on the market choices are endless. These are the claims which Vauxhall make about their new range

  1. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    In the following piece of work, I am going to answer the question "What are the impacts of tourism at Pillow Mounds and Robin Hood Green". I will take into account numerous factors, as well as evidence to be obtained from the graphs located above.

  2. Spain: European Studies

    In Spain, the second division is division 2A (groups 1 to 4), and the forth division is the division 3 (groups 1 to 20). This presumably gives players and clubs more status, rather like calling a junior buyer purchasing executive, or a dustbin man a refuse disposal operative.

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    These people devoted 84,300,000 days to this activity and spent $2.4 billion during the trips. This attitude base and activity profile represents the underpinnings of the ecotourism industry in Canada. The travel motives of other North Americans, Australians and Europeans may be similar to the Canadians, but further research is needed.

  2. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    Countryside areas Many areas in the countryside have visitors each year. In the UK there are many areas which have a significant number of tourists each year, the main reason is the beauty and the range of natural attractions within these areas.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work