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How developed is Brazil?

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Introduction

BRAZIL Economic A Case Study of: * Developments in two contrasting regions of a country (South East / Amazonia / North). * Strategies used by a government to improve the economy (in a developing country). * Exploitation of new resources within a country. * Impact of economic / industrial development on the environment of a region or country. Setting the scene - How developed is Brazil ? Brazil, alongside Mexico is considered one of South America's newly industrialising countries. (figs for 1994) 1960 1993 Population 72.6 millions 156.5 millions GDP per person in $ US 1404 5500 Infant mortality 116 per '000 57 per '000 Main exports Metallic ores, coffee, fruit, chemicals, machines, weapons In 1991 Brazil had a debt of $123 billion.This is owed to the USA, the EEC, Japan and the World Bank. It is claimed that Brazil is "the 10th largest economy in the world". However in some urban areas 50% of people live below the "Poverty Line". ...read more.

Middle

Poor have continued to get poorer and poorer. Brazil finds it hard to produce the food it needs as it is taking up any growing area with cash crops and making products that suit other countries' needs. The industries that there are have slumped and there are very few jobs to go around. Each product that they make can be bought more cheaply elsewhere, so their debt increases as their products decrease. What strategies are the government using to boost development ? The government has set up several new schemes. 1. Trans Amazon Highway (interior on west - east axis). Built in 1970's. Designed to open up Rondonia state. 2. New network of motorways interconnecting the cities on south (South East region)- eastern coastal strip: multi lane highways. This has helped attract new business e.g Pepsi's massive new bottling plant and new shopping malls and leisure complexes. 3. New inland capital city Brasilia (Centre West region)- decentralising population from cities on coast to new capital in land. ...read more.

Conclusion

- urban notes) and case study on Sao Paulo. 8. Developing steel industry (South East region)- cheap labour has attracted new developments to Sao Paulo region - first integrated steel works in Brazil built 1947. 1998 there are 5 integrated plants in south est region where all raw materials; iron, coal, limestone are found. Near market - car industry in Sao Paulo (Volkswagen, Fiat, General Motors and Ford all located there, 4 of 2,000 foreign companies in Sao Paulo). Aircraft / defence industry big steel use too. 9. New weapons industry in Sao Paulo / Rio de Janeiro area (South East region) - major growth 1975 - 1995. Located near major steel works. Defence commitments are important to Brazil (military government in 1960's - 1970's) - drug trafficking & guerilla wars along its borders. Located on new motorway routes - near decision making and industrial centres. 80% of Brazil's weapons are produced here as well as nuclear research near Sao Paulo. Brazil now exports weapons. The RAF makes a Tuscano training aircraft in Belfast, made from parts manufactured in Brazil ! ...read more.

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