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How far does the Butler Model of resort development describe the evolution of British seaside resorts since 1750?

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Introduction

How far does the Butler Model of resort development describe the evolution of British seaside resorts since 1750? The Butler Model shows the stages in the development of a tourist area or resort. The model is split up into six individual stages. The first stage is Exploration, this is when a small number of visitors are attracted to an area by natural beauty or cultural characteristics, but the numbers are limited and few tourist facilities exist. Stage two is involvement, this is when there is limited involvement by local residents to provide some facilities for tourists and a recognisable season and tourist market begins to emerge. Stage three is development, now large numbers of tourists arrive to an area and control passes to external organisations and there are increased tensions between locals and tourists. Stage four is called consolidation, in this stage tourism has become a major part of the local economy, although rates of visitor growth have started to level off and some older facilities are seen as second rate. ...read more.

Middle

From 1901 Cromer entered the consolidation stage and the number of visitors levelled off although the wealthy were still attracted to the area and a pier with its own theatre and amusements was constructed. Although from the 1940's Cromer entered a period of stagnation, which saw a decline in the area as a tourist destination due to the war and a very slow post war recovery. In the 1960's many of the hotels were demolished and it wasn't until the 1980's that Cromer was rejuvenated with a period of new investment. Ilfracombe is another typical English seaside resort, which was discovered in the 1700's to early 1800's and was visited by famous people such as Daniel Defoe and Lord Nelson. This marks the exploration stage in the butler model as only a few people visited Ilfracombe at this point. By 1837 Ilfracombe had entered the involvement stage, as locals were investing in the tourism industry and constructed hot and cold sea baths, then in 1845 a rail route from North Devon was created. ...read more.

Conclusion

From 1823 onwards Brighton was developed as a tourist town, it had its own pier constructed and numerous extravagant hotels on the sea frontage. Its own police force was created in 1830 and from 1832 Brighton had two sitting members of parliament. The railway built in 1841 created the further development and consolidation of Brighton as a tourist resourt. It made the resort accessible to the population at large and as thousands of people visited the population dramatically increased. In the 1850's the wealthy elite started to leave as Brighton was no longer "fashionable" and a much lower class of people were using the resort. This was the start of the stagnation period for Brighton although it never lost many of its services and facilities just its popularity with the wealthy elite. Overall through these three case studies I believe I have shown that the Butler model is very good at representing the evolution of British seaside resorts. All of my case studies have shown the characteristics of the stages of exploration, involvement, development, and consolidation, although not all of them have shown the stagnation, decline and rejuvenation but some have. ...read more.

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