• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Impacts of Tourism on Antarctica.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Impacts of Tourism on Antarctica. Antarctica, a pristine place created by nature, one of the last true wilderness left on the planet. After Antarctica was discovered, mankind has explored its most of parts, revealed much information regarding our history; studied wildlife located here, organised tourist activities. However the issue which plays a major role today is the impact of human activities on Antarctica. Antarctica which is governed by many countries denies the claim for exploitation of Antarctica for past few decays. Reviling the present situation of Antarctica shows that it is becoming a tourist destination place which initialises further debate on the issue. (Baurer,T. 1994 :01) believes that tourism in Antarctica should be managed in a sustainable fashion. He also mentions that the estimated effects of tourism on Antarctica may be around 0.52 percentage of the total human impact. On the other hand according to Diggins, the numbers of tourist have increase by more than 600 percentages. ...read more.

Middle

Horgon also describes a situation at a harbour which is contaminated by hydrocarbons. Another problem at Mc Murdo is the sewage treatment plant which is yet to be repaired. Here Hogan points different mess done by scientists. Finally he gives information regarding an ultimate solution, which is to replace scientists with robots, but it is still under research by N.A.S.A. According to a science article, by Australian Government Department (AAD , 2003:04) which gives brief description regarding how human have jeopardise Antarctica. He mentions the environmental effects of Antarctica which leads to global warming, depletion of ozone layer; increase the UV radiation causing food chain. Today it has become a fact that disturbing the Antarctica's environment will led to global warming. Mining has being prohibited in Antarctica under the Environmental Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty. However the fishing industry is bleaching the artic atmosphere. ...read more.

Conclusion

According to the article by( Australia State of Environment,2001:06) describes the place Wildes, a base built in Antarctica in 1950 and was abandoned in 1960. These include resting fuel drums and explosives and are buried under the snow which is threat to environment. Rubbish and wast materials which are develop near station are disposed into marine environment which pollutes marine life. Tourist damage the Antarctic environment with vehicles tracks or foot prints in muddy ground being visible for many years. However many steps are taken for better development of environment. However the idealist compromise for next generation should be, to legitimate the law which are in favour of Antarctica. Though tourist or scientists come to Antarctica for different purpose the over all result will be spreading of pollution in Antarctic. Countries should uniquely organise and legitimate the rules and ban any activities which may be the reason for polluting the pristine environment of Antarctica. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    * Commercial - These are organisations that make a profit from what they do. They have business objectives which could include profit or sales targets, customer service targets and/or expansion or development plans * Non-commercial - An example of this is Visit Britain who don't make profits but simply try

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    The revenue raised by government through user fees represented only 8.5% of the government expenditures. This study shows the very high financial value of tourism in the five World Heritage Areas. It also reveals the low level of government expenditure for management and the very low level of government cost recovery.

  1. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    Tourism Australia works together with many different members to make all their policies, strategies and impacts work well. These members include: * Adelaide convention and tourism authority * Brisbane Marketing * Cairns an region convention bureau * Canberra convention bureau * Gold coast tourism bureau * Melbourne convention and visitors

  2. The UK travel and tourism industry

    They are privately owned, typically by a group of directors or another company, and are likely to be public limited companies. Multiple travel agencies are national companies with branches throughout the UK. Often they are part of a much larger, vertically integrated organisation, that owns several other different organisations and types of businesses e.g.

  1. Threats to antarctica

    Mining: This is another big threat because things like oil and coal and minerals like copper and iron will not last forever. And the problem is that Antarctica has the worlds' largest coal deposits and possibly huge stores of oil that could be used to extract tens of billions of barrels of oil.

  2. Antarctica - Managing the Impacts of Tourism

    * Keep information objective and well-grounded using examples of phenomenon visitors might encounter. * Provide information on the equipment, clothing and personal supplies suitable to the regions being visited. * Warn against bringing disposable goods that contribute to the solid waste burden in the region.

  1. sustainable tourism in kenya

    For instance, money spent by a tourist on hotel accommodation, food and beverages, shopping, entertainment and transport, does not stagnate but provides an income to hotel staff, taxi operators, shopkeepers and suppliers of goods and services. They in turn spend part of this income on their daily requirements of goods and services.

  2. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    : Fishing - This is a sport renown for stimulation and tranquillity, both factors of this activity fit perfectly with the stereotypical views on Epping Forest. Cross-country running - This particular leisure interest, is on for people with high levels of endurance, due to the fact that large distances are covered.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work