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Importance of Agriculture in Argentina

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Introduction

Importance of Agriculture in Argentina Argentina is a developing country. In developing countries there are more primary jobs than there are of tertiary and secondary jobs. Examples of primary jobs would be fishing, mining and farming. In Argentina farming is the fastest growing business, especially organic farming. The reasons to this are because products are being made in the country that do not need to be fertilized to grow. This obviously makes it very cheap for the people farming there. Another reason for this business growing so fast is because Argentina has devoted most of its land to growing organic crops to export and for local consumption. Argentina exports cereals, honey, sugar, oil, herbs, meat and juices. They are one of the world's biggest meat and wool producers. They are also the ninth largest cotton producers. The country produces so many things that the economy of Argentina relies a lot on the agriculture Agriculture is very important for Argentina because by growing crops and exporting them to different countries they are making money. All the agriculture enterprises in Argentina make about 15 million dollars a year, which isn't much when compared to countries like Japan or the U.S.A but countries like Japan and the U.S are all developed countries. ...read more.

Middle

Physical factors effecting Argentina Climate The agriculture of Argentina depends on irrigation instead of rainfall. The reason for this is because during autumn and spring the temperatures drop suddenly. For example the temperature may drop suddenly to 36 F in a few hours. The eastern part of the country has higher temperatures in the summer than the western part of the country. Therefore there is very little rain during the summer and if there is rain, the rain gets evaporated in the heat. Argentina grows maize and wheat (which are both meant to grow where there is high altitudes), they are both affected very much because of the temperature variations. The temperature variations do not affect other crops such as soybeans. That is why the people of Argentina have made dates for when to grow those crops that are highly affected by the temperature variation so that they grow well. Soils These climate changes also cause other problems for Argentina such as reducing 6 - 10% amount of nitrogen in the soils. They also reduce organic carbon by 7-20%. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of the ways they improved the growth was by direct seeding and the other one was the introduction of herbicide resistant soybeans. Direct seeding meant that people would put the seeds directly into the soil without ploughing it first. Herbicide resistant seeds were put in the soil so that it would stop weed from growing. Both of these had their advantages but they had many disadvantages as well. They were successful in reducing soil erosion but they had other problems such as diseases, pests, weeds were growing and reduction of nitrogen and phosphates in soil. Transports Transportation in Argentina isn't a very big problem. In fact Argentina is known to have really good transportation when compared to other countries in South America. The road network is very good so the people can use the buses or the trains to travel. This way the farmers would not have such a big problem in transporting their goods to the market. For some of the agriculture products are transferred to lorries so they can be transported to the market. The main crops that grow in Argentina * Wheat * Grain * Maize * Sugar * Oil Seeds * Cotton seeds * Sunflower seeds * Soybeans * Wine * Groundnuts * Fruits * Vegetables * Grape seeds * Juice ...read more.

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