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Introduction to the Peak district National Park.

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Introduction to the Peak district National Park I will begin with what a National Park really is. A National Park is an idea developed in 19th century America, at the time the new country was rapidly developing and settlers were moving in. The first ever National Park was created in 1872, it was named as 'Yellowstone' this began a chain-reaction of National Parks being instated. The size of the parks varied, but were all generally large uninhabited areas of real natural beauty. The fact that these National Parks were protected by the Government stopped any land damage or animal poaching. Britain in comparison to the USA had only a few areas worthy of National Park status, but also began to develop them in the late 1800's through organisations such as 'The National Trust', 'The RSPB' (Royal Society for the Protection of Birds) and 'The Council for the Preservation of Rural England'. The first British National Park was in fact the Peak District, and was the first of many. ...read more.


They must consider the needs of a major part of NP survival, visitors. They require adequate car parks for travellers and extensive information they can provide about the specific parks. Finally they have to take natural needs into consideration, watching over the land and not draining it's minerals. To fund the park there are three major factors: Firstly the government which provides over half of their funds. Secondly council tax paid by the surrounding population and finally money made through the parks. The Peak District covers the counties Derbyshire, Cheshire and Staffordshire. The shape of the Peak District has been crafted through both natural and human influences. The habitats accommodated in this NP have been greatly affected by human activity over the last few thousand years. A notable effect of this human intervention is the lack of woodland, were it not for humans the Peak District would be far more heavily wooded. In modern times human interference has been seen as a major disadvantage in natural terms, there is an element of this in the Peak District however through human settlement a far more diverse and fascinating landscape has been created. ...read more.


An arisen problem however in the Peak District has been the breakdown in areas of the landscape, and pollution due to mineral extraction from the earth. Lead was heavily mined in the park until the late 1800's which although provided jobs and money for residents did extensive damage to the park. The mines still remain as a strong tourist attraction as well as an excavation site for archaeologists. In more recent times Limestone has been mined to a huge extent so much so that it has become the most popularly mined mineral. In 1993 for example 6.1 tonnes were excavated. It can be used in the production of Iron, Steel and many useful chemicals. A huge human benefit however has caused untold environmental damage to the soil content and slightly to the air pollution. In conclusion the Peak District is an incredibly beautiful natural area of huge use to man and nature. It is a sustainable area on a number of fronts and will continue to help naturally and economically, but will however have some everlasting side effects due to the industry amongst the parks. I think it's beauty will remain none the less. ...read more.

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