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Jethro Tull made the Greatest Contribution to Agricultural Change in the Eighteenth Century. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Explain your answer.

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Introduction

Jethro Tull made the Greatest Contribution to Agricultural Change in the Eighteenth Century. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Explain your answer. Jethro Tull did contribute to the agricultural changes in the eighteenth century but I don't think he made the greatest contribution because there were other improvers for example Robert Bakewell, Lord Townshend and Thomas Coke. Jethro Tull was born in 1674 and died in 1741. During this time he invented the seed drill and the horse hoe. Tull worried when he was on his father's farm that too many seeds were being wasted by the method of broadcasting. He suggested that the farm workers shout try planting the seeds in rows instead of scattering them everywhere but because of religious reasons the labourers were not encouraged to do so. Tull invented the seed drill. This was a machine that sowed seeds in a line and covered them up as it went. This was horse drawn and it wasted less seeds. How it worked was, the seed fell into the seed boxes, which were underneath the hopper. Then the seeds fell into the sheats. These released seed into the trunks at the back of the funnels. The iron share at the bottom of the harrow formed the channel into which the seed fell. ...read more.

Middle

He also stopped the slaughtering of animals in the winter by feeding them the turnips and clover this meant the animals were fatter and there was more meat to sell and therefore more money was made. His improvements links with the improvements of Robert Bakewell who cross bred animals. However, Townshend may have had trouble getting people to know about his improvements because serious farming advertising didn't start until thirty-three years after his death. A lot of people didn't like change either so may have been against the four-course crop rotation and the new drainage system. Robert Bakewell was born in 1725 and died in 1795 during this time he made quite a dramatic change to agriculture by using cross breeding in pastoral farming. Bakewell discovered that by crossing an old Leicester sheep, which was thin and had hardly any meat with a Lincoln sheep, which were bred for their wool he produced the new Leicester sheep that had a lot of meat on it and could be described as "coalheaver's mutton". This is because it was fatty and therefore it gave a lot of energy to whoever ate its meat and coalheavers needed a lot of energy. Also the new Leicester could produce good quality wool also which would help to make cotton and therefore more money. ...read more.

Conclusion

By giving his tenants longer leases he encouraged them to use new ideas, which made them more money and he was able to raise the price of his rent and therefore he made more money for himself. His agricultural shows were long term as we still have them today. I don't agree with the statement. Jethro Tull's ideas were not hugely used until after the eighteenth century and therefore he didn't make the greatest contribution. I think Townshend made the greatest contribution because without his ideas like the four-course crop rotation Coke wouldn't have been as successful as he was because he wouldn't have been able to feed his animals in Winter and he wouldn't have had excellent soil because he wouldn't have known about marling. However he did have the idea of growing trees to prevent soil erosion. Bakewell also made a big difference to pastoral farming by helping farmers make more money by producing better meat and milk but without Townshend's ideas of the four-course crop rotation which produced turnips and clover for the animals to eat in winter the animals would still have been killed in Autumn and Winter and therefore it would have been difficult for Bakewell to cross breed them. That's why I don't agree with the statement that Jethro Tull made the greatest contribution to agricultural change in the eighteenth century. ?? ?? ?? ?? Karen Spanswick ...read more.

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