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Lima - Peru Lies on the eastern coast of South America.

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Lima. (Peru) Peru Lies on the eastern coast of South America. Lima is it's capital and is the fastest growing city in the country. In 1940 it had a population of 600,000 people, but today (Year 2000), it has a population of around 5 million. This means that in 60 years, the population has increased by 4,400,000 people. The question is, "Why?" As the country's capital, Lima has attracted the interest of many industries and has a growing commercial centre it is in fact Peru's administrative, commercial, manufacturing, and cultural center. Most of Peru's large textile and clothing industry is concentrated there; other manufactured goods include motor vehicles, chemicals, and fish and petroleum products. All this means that there is a potential for employment for those people who are struggling to eke out an existence in rural areas. The city simply acts as a magnet for younger people with families who want a chance at a better life, which is in many cases not provided by farming life. ...read more.


In only three weeks, 30,000 people were living there. Many shanty-towns are constructed in a higgledy pigledy manner, but Villa El Salvador is remarkably well planned. It has risen from a desert to a town with roads and basic water and electricity. In 1986, the settlement celebrated its 13th anniversary. Having looked at Cairo's attempt to build new towns outside of the main city and witnessed the relative failure of the scheme, it is strange to see that Villa El Salvador has survived 13 years with relative success. Again, "Why?" Villa El Salvador is located 25 miles from Lima but it has vast amounts of open space around it. It is not a completely planned town, but instead the inhabitants are provided with basic building materials so as to construct their own homes. This process is known as "Self Help", and gradually each family can increase their living standards by adding rooms or floors to their house. ...read more.


They move to Villa El Salvador with the hope of finding a job and having something to live off of. This is easier said than done, as it is difficult to get a job if you do not know anyone high enough in the government system. Many people have outlined the main problem, which is the fact that the majority of work is concentrated solely in Lima. If the work was distributed more equally, Lima would not experience such strains on it's infrastructure and towns like Villa El Salvador would not grow at such a vast rate. Positive aspects for Lima. * Many industries located there. * 70% of doctors reside in Lima. * Life expectancy is ten times higher than that for rural areas. * Education lasts 11 years as opposed to 5. Negative aspects for Peru. * Unequal distribution of wealth. * Taxes gathered throughout the whole country are spent mainly on Lima. * Many of rural areas are empty because Lima acts as a magnet for the poorer. ...read more.

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