• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Physical and human processes can be linked to explain the deficit of food production in the Sahel. Explain how these factors have caused low agricultural productivity in the Sahel.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Physical and human processes can be linked to explain the deficit of food production in the Sahel. Explain how these factors have caused low agricultural productivity in the Sahel. The Sahel is a large expanse of semi-arid land that travels from the West of Africa to the East. This area of land traverses across a collection of countries and stands as a boundary between the Sahara in the north and the more tropical areas in the south. Spanning approximately 4500miles across the breadth of Africa, it is constantly expanding by the process of desertification as it is subject to extreme physical and human factors. Whilst the physical extremes of the Sahel may play a large part of its food deficit it is not the only culprit, it is a mixture of physical, economic, technological and political factors that lead to the high numbers of starvation in these arid areas. ...read more.

Middle

The heavy rain can also penetrate the soil breaking it up and form gullies as it washes away the little nutrients that are left in the soil. The economic situation of the Sahel is poor, the countries within its boundaries have some of the lowest GNP per capita's in the World. Irrigation, machinery, fertilisers and seeds cannot be afforded by farmers and the government can provide little if any financial support. Banks are also unwilling to loan money to farmers due to the risk of no repayment. Village moneylenders will however loan money to farmers but at extortionate rates that will further add to the farmer's poverty. Another affect of the poor economic situation is the lack of education. Farmers are not educated on how to modify their land to maximise production and achieve high yields. ...read more.

Conclusion

Countries in the Sahel have never had great political stability, whether it's because of civil wars or the huge amount of debt they accumulate. This has been acknowledged as a major factor in the Sahel's food deficit. For instance, British farmers can find financial and moral support from the EC if anything should go wrong. There are so many factors affecting the food shortage in the Sahel that it would take a great deal of time and effort to break the cycle and lessen the troubles that these people face every day. After all it is not just the physical conditions of the Sahel that cause the deficit, technology is available to help these people but their countries just can't afford it. If the Sahel is going to solve its many problems I think it will take a lot of investment, mostly in the form of aid, but this time it should be used effectively. Lee Evans 13MS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Why have agricultural surpluses become a feature of many countries in the developed world ...

    inputs and efficiency is one of the main causes of agricultural surpluses. Land improvements such as drainage and reclamation were supported, as also was the amalgamation of farms. Small holders were encouraged to retire early or give up farming to allow more efficient scale operators to take over.

  2. Mass Production.

    The car contributed to the industrial boom of the 1920s by stimulating growth in other industries. Mass production definitely 'roared' for Henry Ford who was at the time the richest man in the world. Mass production was great for women and those living in the countryside because they could have a life outside of their home.

  1. How are Africa's problems of poverty, hunger, debt and environmental deterioration inter-related?

    In an attempt to subsistence farm the land, they cause the fragile environment to deteriorate. They cannot reap a big enough harvest, they are then hungry again. The government is lent money by World banks or other governments, but it is put into feeding the people by importing foodstuffs and is not used as revenue generating capital.

  2. For a named manufacturing industry in a medc, explain its decline and outline related ...

    The Chinese do not have a minimum wage policy, meaning the Chinese population will work for the bare minimum and will work shifts when they are told too, if not they could face server reprimand. Another advantage that foreign countries have on British steel, is the strength of there currency.

  1. What evidence can you find to describe and explain the agricultural revolution of the ...

    This was a longer process which took twelve years to run, several years of grain crops were followed by seven years of the field laying under turf grazed by cattle.

  2. "Bottom up not top down!" Is this the way ahead for Aid and Investment ...

    * Governments make decisions with little participation from local people. * Involves major industrial initiatives. * Hope that economic development will "trickle down" to regions and local areas. It is recognized that there is a difference between aid and investment.

  1. How important are physical factors in the creation of agricultural land use patterns?

    Examples of this are on Exmoor and also along the west side of Britain. As well as the problem of using machinery on slopes there is also the problem of water retention on slopes and consequently nutrient retention. This problem is caused by the fact that water runs quickly off

  2. Define the term agricultural productivity and describe how it varies between different parts of ...

    However when the intention is to make money as it nearly always is in MEDCs, and even in many instances in LEDCs where companies have set up businesses, the company/ farmer will try to exploit his land as much as he can so that it can become as efficient as possible.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work