• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Physical and human processes can be linked to explain the deficit of food production in the Sahel. Explain how these factors have caused low agricultural productivity in the Sahel.

Extracts from this document...


Physical and human processes can be linked to explain the deficit of food production in the Sahel. Explain how these factors have caused low agricultural productivity in the Sahel. The Sahel is a large expanse of semi-arid land that travels from the West of Africa to the East. This area of land traverses across a collection of countries and stands as a boundary between the Sahara in the north and the more tropical areas in the south. Spanning approximately 4500miles across the breadth of Africa, it is constantly expanding by the process of desertification as it is subject to extreme physical and human factors. Whilst the physical extremes of the Sahel may play a large part of its food deficit it is not the only culprit, it is a mixture of physical, economic, technological and political factors that lead to the high numbers of starvation in these arid areas. ...read more.


The heavy rain can also penetrate the soil breaking it up and form gullies as it washes away the little nutrients that are left in the soil. The economic situation of the Sahel is poor, the countries within its boundaries have some of the lowest GNP per capita's in the World. Irrigation, machinery, fertilisers and seeds cannot be afforded by farmers and the government can provide little if any financial support. Banks are also unwilling to loan money to farmers due to the risk of no repayment. Village moneylenders will however loan money to farmers but at extortionate rates that will further add to the farmer's poverty. Another affect of the poor economic situation is the lack of education. Farmers are not educated on how to modify their land to maximise production and achieve high yields. ...read more.


Countries in the Sahel have never had great political stability, whether it's because of civil wars or the huge amount of debt they accumulate. This has been acknowledged as a major factor in the Sahel's food deficit. For instance, British farmers can find financial and moral support from the EC if anything should go wrong. There are so many factors affecting the food shortage in the Sahel that it would take a great deal of time and effort to break the cycle and lessen the troubles that these people face every day. After all it is not just the physical conditions of the Sahel that cause the deficit, technology is available to help these people but their countries just can't afford it. If the Sahel is going to solve its many problems I think it will take a lot of investment, mostly in the form of aid, but this time it should be used effectively. Lee Evans 13MS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Define the term agricultural productivity and describe how it varies between different parts of ...

    This is because the conditions the farmer would have to work with would be so poor that it would be extremely difficult to create an efficient farm. This would be due to things such as too hot for many plants, too little water, and poor soils.

  2. "Bottom up not top down!" Is this the way ahead for Aid and Investment ...

    The Spanish first introduced large-scale agriculture, primarily sugar plantations, as early as the 16th century, but a real commercial, export-oriented economy was not developed until the 19th century. After the United States invasion in 1898, there was increased interest in developing Puerto Rico's agricultural export potential.

  1. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    Among the most promising of these high-tech industries are the bio- and nanotechnology industries and some fields of the computer and internet industry (e.g. Foster M.J. 2000). Other important fields will profit form demographic shifts in the main industrial nations.

  2. Mass Production.

    The car contributed to the industrial boom of the 1920s by stimulating growth in other industries. Mass production definitely 'roared' for Henry Ford who was at the time the richest man in the world. Mass production was great for women and those living in the countryside because they could have a life outside of their home.

  1. Jethro Tull made the Greatest Contribution to Agricultural Change in the Eighteenth Century. Do ...

    However, this was probably easier than hand hoeing and walking up and down fields scattering and wasting seeds so his inventions were useful to those who used them. A lot of people would criticise him so a lot of people wouldn't use of listen to his ideas.

  2. How important are physical factors in the creation of agricultural land use patterns?

    Examples of this are on Exmoor and also along the west side of Britain. As well as the problem of using machinery on slopes there is also the problem of water retention on slopes and consequently nutrient retention. This problem is caused by the fact that water runs quickly off

  1. Why have agricultural surpluses become a feature of many countries in the developed world ...

    rotation, soil conservation and improving water control. All of these factors allowed the greatest output possible from the land. As there was such a vast output, over production is more likely to occur. Also, farming was extended to land thought to be 'marginal' by developing new strains of seeds more tolerant to 'difficult' physical conditions, e.g.

  2. What evidence can you find to describe and explain the agricultural revolution of the ...

    This was a longer process which took twelve years to run, several years of grain crops were followed by seven years of the field laying under turf grazed by cattle.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work