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Population and Resources. The effects on China and Bolivia.

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Introduction

In this essay I hope to understand how and why countries have attempted to balance the need between population and resources. I will look at what polices and schemes have been put in place and how successful or unsuccessful they have been. China With only 7% of the world's arable land and 8% of the world water supply for 25% of the world population, China has great difficulty providing water, food, employment and facilities for its people. Another 13 million Chinese babies will be born this year, how does overpopulation affect china? Overpopulation is when the population of an area or country is too great to be supported and sustained by available, natural resources. Social and economical development has been hampered and slowed as a result o rising population rate. ...read more.

Middle

Internal migration within china proves to be a big headache for the authorities. As people move form the poorly developed and supported rural areas, to the highly developed city areas. The highly developed areas of china already have a large population and as internal migration increases, the strain on resources increases. Bolivia With a population of 8,857,870 and a population density of 6.4 persons per square kilometre, Bolivia is vastly under populated. Under population is when a country's population is too small to make efficient use of naturally occurring resources, this can stop development and slow economic growth to a disatourous level. Bolivia is a place of varied topography, landlocked in South America; it is a place of extreme environments. Bolivia is the poorest country in South America, however the country has abundant supplies of varied metals, coal, gold, dense forests and plenty of potential for exiting development, and Bolivia continues to grow slowly. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although Bolivia has plenty of work to share around un-employment is very high as many people are not physically able to perform the strenuous manual labour, needed for most job positions. As mentioned before Bolivia has a very varied topography, the population of Bolivia is spread across this area, and many jobs are too far away from many people or are in unsuitable locations for easy transportation, many Bolivians cannot afford a car or public transport. In recent years many people in Bolivia have turned to the illegal trade of cocaine, it is believed Bolivia is the world's 3rd largest exporter of cocaine. Why would people turn to cocaine exportation? Cocaine exportation, smuggling and growing is a very reliable income for those involved. A traditional local herbal remedy, there is no social stigma attached to it. Although it is illegal to export the drug, there are too few people in authorities to police the growth of this exportation. ...read more.

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