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Population Distribution in China.

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Introduction

Population Distribution in China Pattern of Population Distribution: The overall trend of China shows a very uneven population distribution. The country can be clearly divided into two distinct halves by the pattern of its population, the east section and the west section. The east is considerably more densely populated than the west and has areas with more than 400 people per km�; these are situated on the central segment of the east coast and slightly further inland aswell. There are some more areas of dense population on the southeast coast of the eastern half, while what remains of the east is mostly 100-400 people per km�, with some areas of 10-100 people per km� and even fewer areas of 10 people per km�. The west is the opposite extreme, it is very sparsely populated with a huge area where there are only 10 people per square kilometre. Although around the boarder are some slightly more densely populated areas. The east section of China can then be sub-divided down further into another two areas, which show internal variation. On the central section of the east and lower southeast coast there are the most highly populated areas of China, with a lot of divisions with more the 400 people per km� even more areas of 100-400 people per km�. ...read more.

Middle

Whereas in the west of China the climatic conditions are far more extreme and get excessively hot and to cold for humans, therefore you would expect much less of the population to be distributed in theses which is in fact the case in China. Relief: The majority of the areas that are densely populated in the east are on the coast. This is because the land is these particular locations is very flat, and only just above sea level. This makes the land very easy to build on and gives a setting where a large majority of the population of china can live. The whole east section of china is relatively flat compared to the west and reaches 500m at its highest points. The west of China is considerably more hostile. Its relief ranges from 500m-4000m above sea level. This kind of relief makes construction very difficult and the only use for the land is agriculture. Therefore because of the low relief on the coast and the rest of the east of China being fairly low aswell, these areas are densely populated, whereas because the relief in the west is very hostile and difficult to negotiate the area is sparsely populated. ...read more.

Conclusion

This would encourage a greater population because of the employment opportunities as well as better living conditions in terms of climate and relief. * Proximity to Hong-Kong - Proximity to Hong-Kong brings financial investment aswell as industry that has expanded outwards into the surrounding areas. This would provide more jobs and a better economy, which would increase population. Raw Materials: An area with raw materials would have a booming industrial industry and would therefore require a great deal of workers which would finally lead to a larger population in that area. Autonomous Areas: Some places in China such as the majority of the west have been classified as Autonomous areas which means they are self-ruling and independent so therefore get hardly any help from the government. This means that these locations have to rely on agriculture for their population's food and economy. These areas therefore do not have a large population and are not expected to increase due to lack of aid, support and finance. Priority Development Zones: Some cities on the east coast have been designated as priority development zones. These areas include Hainan Island, Shenzhen, and Xiamen. These cities are going to receive a lot of financial aid and help from the government which will dramatically help theses places to develop and will lead to a much greater population. Chris Hall BJO ...read more.

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