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Produce an overview of the demand for the new houses in Britain and study the nature of urban sprawl for both Brownfield and Greenfield sites with reasons for and against the development of such areas.

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Introduction

Introduction The hypothesis that I will be testing for this project is question 2.1 Where shall we build new homes? Inside this hypothesis, are two questions that I need to find the answers to and these are: a) How is demand for housing growing? b) Should we build on Greenfield sites, or Brownfield sites? To answer these questions, I will need to produce an overview of the demand for the new houses in Britain and study the nature of urban sprawl for both Brownfield and Greenfield sites with reasons for and against the development of such areas. In the UK, the housing needs are not just directly dependant on the total population but also the composition of the households as the smaller the household, the more houses are required. Below is how the population is expected to change in the future and how it has been in the past. However, single person households may increase due to a number of factors which include: - Increase in divorce rate - Increase in single parent families - Increasing tendency for young people to set up their own home rather than to stay at home - Increase in the number of elderly and therefore more widows or widowers - Encouragement of independent living for the elderly The graph below shows how these factors have affected the number of single owner-occupiers living alone in England in the past. ...read more.

Middle

To answer the question where should we build new homes? We will be looking at a Brownfield development in the south east in St. Mary's Island. St Mary's Island is a unique area in a large landscape. It is a major 'Brownfield' regeneration site on the banks of the River Medway. There is much history attached to the area. The Island was part of the former Royal Naval Dockyard, and was formed artificially following the excavation of three linked basins. St. Mary's Island has been turned from a waste disposal area from the Chatham Docks to a luxurious area of homes for the more financially gained society. To do this, huge volumes of the radioactive soil had to first be removed which was metres deep. St. Mary's Island is just one of the many areas of new housing developments in the South-East, which have been built to support the growing numbers of people that live in the south-east. In 1995 John Major, the prime minister at the time wanted to introduce more housing areas in the country to meet the growing needs. The plan was given �160m to develop more houses which would cater for 4000 people. St. Mary's island has been the property of the Historic Dockyard for a very long time but since it has been shut down, there was no need for the area to be left as it was. ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, I think that there may be a lack of parking facilities and there may be a lot of cars parked on the roads especially in closes. For key question 2, I would expect to find a high quality of life. This is because as it is a newly developed area, everything should be brand new and the area should look very presentable. The only factor which I believe stops the island from having an excellent quality of life is the fact that there is still building taking place on the island and so the noise and visual pollution may affect the quality of life. For key question 3, I believe that there will be some very good recreational areas on the island because the development of the houses has been for families with children. For this reason, I feel that there will have been recreational areas used on the island and I feel that this will be suited for all ages. For key question 4, I think that the housing on the island will be very appropriate. I think this because many of the houses were bought very quickly and if this hadn't have been the case, then further development on the island would not have been carried out. I also think that the houses will be well laid out and the space will have been used to great effect. ...read more.

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