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Stabilizing Population - By the year 2050, world population is expected to double, with most of the increase in the developing world.

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Introduction

ESSAY Stabilizing Population By the year 2050, world population is expected to double, with most of the increase in the developing world. This growing population would require more resources, including energy. To create a sustainable global society, we must both conserve our resources and stabilize population size. Actions around the world: In Colombia, the population growth rate has dropped from 3.4 to 1.8 percent. Two in every three couples now plan their families with guidance from PROFAMILIA, which operates clinics and community centers. Denmark and Germany have population growth rates near zero, a result of higher standards of living and easy access to contraception. India, family size in the state of Kerala has declined dramatically. The reduction was achieved by grassroots movements active in health care and education and by government family planning programs. ...read more.

Middle

The Solar Electric Light Fund, a U.S. nonprofit group, is helping install small solar power stations in communities in Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka, reducing the demand for fossil fuel plants. North Carolina has organized more efficient school bus routes, saving millions of dollars and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by thousands of tons. With the help of an Indian university, the village of Pura, India, has developed a small community power plant that converts manure to methane--used to generate electricity for the entire village. Southern California Edison, a power company, has pledged to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 20% by the year 2010. It has donated 1 million compact fluorescent lightbulbs to customers; it also offers them free home insulation and rebates if they buy energy-efficient appliances. Today, in a world with abundant food, more than 700 million people are chronically undernourished. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some of the reasons biotechnology should not be relied on to enable the world to feed itself are outlined below. Throughout this paper, the expression 'elderly' denotes people aged 65 years and over and 'old old' indicates people aged 80 years and over. These subgroups of the world population are expected to grow more rapidly than others. During the 30 years between 1990 and 2020, the global population is expected to increase by 52%, but its elderly population will increase by 115% and the 'old old' population by 134%. By the year 2020, more than 3.5% of the North American, and 4.4% of the European population is projected to be aged 80 years and over. The fastest increase in the elderly population will take place in the Asian region. Whereas the elderly population of Sweden and of the United Kingdom is expected to increase by 33 and 45%, respectively, the corresponding increase in a number of Asian countries will be between 200 and 400%. ...read more.

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