• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Suggest & explain why, within a country, crude birth rate varies over time

Extracts from this document...


Geography Assessment Fertility and Mortality 1. Suggest & explain why, within a country, crude birth rate varies over time. Use named examples and evidence to support your answer. In the 19th century most countries had a very high birth rate. Since then different countries birth rate has changed and this is mainly because the government implement different polices towards their population. One set of polices is a pro-natal view and this encourages the population to have children and fertility is promoted. One reason for increasing fertility is to compensate for wartime losses for example France in 1918 after the First World War. Germany additionally applied a pro natal strategy to promote Nazi Germany as they wanted to encourage a particular race in pursuit of racially motivated polices. Also, in Japan they want to preserve the labor force from an ageing population and recently they have seen a rise in the birth rate for the first time in six years. Governments have also applied two types of Anti-natal policies to their country and these can be either voluntary or coercive. Voluntary polices include spreading information about family planning clinics with funding form the World Health Organization. ...read more.


This means that the more children a woman has then there is greater chance of survival for one of them to grow up till adult level. This is generally because of the lack of medical care available in LEDC's where as in a MEDC there is easy access to medical attention. Most babies' die of malnutrition or malaria and these are both easy dealt with in an MEDC however it is much more difficult in a place such as Kenya. In MEDC's there is lower birth rate because women's role society has changed over time. In present day a lot of women are going through higher education onto university and ready to start careers before settling down. This leads to having children later when they are older which to there 'fertility window' being limited or not at all. Women's role in society is also linked very closely to children becoming economic burdens. Couples cannot afford having a lot of children as it is too expensive leading to smaller families with fewer children. However, the difference between LEDC and MEDC birth rates are becoming more alike. Since 2000 the total fertility rate in LEDC's are dramatically decreasing. ...read more.


Food has become more widely available with reliable with application of fertilisers, pesticides and agro-chemicals. In MEDC's the land area required to grow crops has decreased substantially yet the yield outputs have increased also intensive farming methods have been introduced such as the green revolution in the EU. Also, medical care in MEDC's is of a higher standard compared to LEDC's. More and more vaccinations are being introduced in MEDC's to prevent diseases and this also helps to lower the infant mortality as well as the death rate. People in MEDC's also have a higher life expectancy which lowers the death rate as people are living for longer. Disease control shows the development and access to medication. If there is good access to medical care then there is a low number of population per doctor. Somewhere such as the UK with 300 pop per doc has a better access to medical care than Ethiopia with a pop per doc of 32 499! Advances in medical technology have also helped reduce the death rate such as keyhole surgery and antibiotics. Also, some countries have a National Health Service such as the UK this means that any medical attention is free. Many LEDC's do not have this and a lot of the population cannot afford doctors which therefore mean there is a greater risk of dying from curable diseases. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Discuss the factors affecting fertility and mortality.

    In the early 1970's, after decades of encouragement to have large families the Chinese government told it's people that population growth was a danger and that each family should limit their family size to only one child. The Chinese government had previously told its people that 'a large population gives

  2. World Development

    This shows the great difference of population for MEDC'S and LEDC'S. In the world urban population there has been growth of cities in LEDC'S. In the past 50 years millions of people from LEDC'S are moved from rural to urban cities in order to find jobs, and a better quality of life.

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    aid Involving repairing the damage, and preventing another disaster, such as at Monterserrat, where Britain gave �2,400 to over 18s to leave the island, and �41 million to develop the North. Passive Two plates slide past each other, leading to friction and earthquakes eg San Andreas Fault Tsunamis Tidal waves,

  2. Comparing Britian to France

    This would be one factor that could raise France's standard of living as more people are living to an older age. From the graph you can see how the death rate differs in each country. The UK has the higher death rate showing more people are dying compared to France.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    for the metropolitan region, but cut back to 61 or 62 m3/s in the last few months, Francisco Jos� Paracampos, planning and distribution superintendent, told Tierram�rica. Because of the scant margin, vulnerable to the smallest drought, the public enterprise, which holds a monopoly in Sao Paulo over water distribution is

  2. The Canadian Birth Rate has said to have declined in the past 20 years. ...

    Researchers state that the birth rate change in Quebec, during the 1960s, was due to cultural changes precipitated by the "Quiet Revolution". This cultural upheaval occurred when the Catholic Church lost control over the Quebec population as society moved away from religion, placing more emphasis on occupational success for both men and women (Baker, 1993: P.177).

  1. Tourism In Kenya.

    GDP - real growth rate: 0.4 (2000 est.) GDP - per capital: Purchasing power parity - $1,500 (2000 est.) GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 25% Industry: 13% Services: 62% 1999 est.) Population below poverty line: 42% (1992 est.) Household income or consumption by percentage share: Lowest 10%: 1.8% Highest 10%: 34.9% (1994)

  2. The Pakistan Flag was designed by Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

    The variety of landscape divides Pakistan into six major regions: the North High Mountainous Region, the Western Low Mountainous Region, the Balochistan Plateau, the Potohar Uplands, the Punjab and the Sindh Plains. High Mountain Region: Stretching in the North, from east to west, are a series of high mountain ranges which separate Pakistan from China, Russia and Afghanistan.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work