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The Peak District - What problems does tourism bring.

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Introduction

The Peak District- An In depth study WHAT PROBLEMS DOES TOURISM BRING? Between 16.2 and 20 million visits are made by car to the Peak District National Park every year and another 1.5 million visits made by public transport. Visits by Peak Park residents or other visitors on foot, account for another 1.2 million whilst a further 3 - 3.6 million people drive through the Park just to admire the scenery. Congestion of Villages and Beauty Spots. 90% of visits to the Park are made by car. Some of the most popular honeypot areas attract large numbers of visitors. resulting in overcrowded car parks, blocked roads, and overstretched local facilities - particularly on Summer Sundays. Erosion of Footpaths and Sensitive Vegetation There are over 3,000 footpaths in the Peak Park and heavy use of the most popular paths has led to considerable erosion. ...read more.

Middle

* Tourist Villages Gift shops and cafes which cater for the needs of tourists are often more profitable than shops selling everyday goods for local people (such as butchers or bakers). In some villages where tourist shops are in the majority,and there are few shops catering for the local people, the local com * The main activities of Visitors to the Park Activities during Visit Activity Day Trip On holiday % % Stroll\short walk 33 33 Hiking (2 hours or more) 59 86 Sightseeing(in car) 52 70 Sightseeing (on foot) 61 74 Picnic\buy food 81 100 Relax\sat around 22 20 Shopping 25 41 Visit information centre 19 42 Visit historic attraction 20 44 Nature study/birdwatching 21 31 Sports/hobbies 19 29 (Taken from All Parks Visitor Survey 1994) The National Park Authority is responsible for drawing up policities for planning and management of the Park. ...read more.

Conclusion

Average Daily Expenditure in and Around the Park Day Trip Holiday (in Park) Holiday (near Park) All Visitors Total �5.60 �12.40 �8.90 �7.00 (Taken from All Parks Visitor Survey, 1994) Sustainable Tourism Recreation and tourism development must be sustainable to protect the Park for future generations to enjoy. What do we mean by sustainable tourism? When tourism is sustainable, the natural and cultural resources and the environmental, social and economic well-being of an area are maintained forever. To maintain sustainable tourism in the Peak District National Park, a system of recreation and tourism zones has been developed, based on the carrying capacity of the different areas of the Park. * Natural Zone No development. e.g. moorland on Kinder Scout is in the Natural Zone. * Zone 1 Small scale development, such as on Burbage Moor - there is a car park only. * Zone 2 Modest scale development, such as in Longdendale valley - with a Visitor Centre and surfaced path. * Zone 3 Major tourist facilities, such as at Bakewell with a Visitor Centre, shops and hotels ...read more.

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