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What are the different issues that rural areas in MEDCs and LEDCs will face in the future?

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Introduction

What are the different issues that rural areas in MEDCs and LEDCs will face in the future? Counter-urbanisation is the movement of people away from cities to villages in the countryside. It will cause many future problems for rural areas in MEDCs, such as south Shropshire, as richer people move out of the cities into areas that are seen as nicer environments to live in, where they can afford to live and commute. One of the problems is the development of dormitory settlements for commuters to live in. Housing estates on nucleated rural settlements can take away the character of these village environments. To the east of south Shropshire, there are many villages housing commuters, such as that of Bishop's castle with a population of only 1600, however these commuter populations may grow. ...read more.

Middle

South Shropshire to the west of the A49, however, has suffered from the affects of re-urbanisation, with the majority of 18 to 15 year olds moving out and into the cities of the West Midlands in the search of jobs, services and education. This has led to a decline in services, such as public transport which is an important amenity, as 15% of the people living in the west of south Shropshire do not own a car. * Economic decline and its attempted reversal * Farming on the urban fringe - sell or farm? * Tourism issues in south Shropshire * Environmental problems generated by agricultural land use Rural areas in LEDCs will also face many issues in the future. Rural to urban migration has caused many environmental consequences. It is the migration of people from rural areas with a high amount of population pressure to urban areas where the young and skilled can find jobs. ...read more.

Conclusion

High demand for woodfuel by cities, such as Nairobi in Kenya has driven up prices and the buying of woodfuel accounts for 30% of the locals' income. Many cities rely on rural production of charcoal, which continues to deplete rural forests. This will in turn limit the amount of woodfuel available for people living in these rural areas. Urban expansion has continued to consume farmland, such as in Egypt where up to 12% of its farmland has been consumed by urban sprawl. This will put further pressure on rural farmers in the future, due to this loss of land. Urban waste, which is increasing in volume due to increasing urbanisation, is tipped in rural landfill sites. Particles from the tips can contaminate the air and rubbish dumped in Senegal has contaminated the groundwater. This will have a major affect upon the health of people living in the rural environment with already poor healthcare and is expected to get worse. * Rural management in the Kenyan highlands ...read more.

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