• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are the effects on urban areas of rapid urbanisation

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What are the effects on urban areas of rapid urbanisation? How can these problems be solved? Urbanisation is the growth in the proportion of people living in urban areas compared to rural areas and has rapidly taken place over the last 200 years, particularly between 1800 and 1850, where there was a population explosion. Also, more recently, between 1950 and 1990, the proportion of people in the world living in urban areas increased by 20%. Currently the rate of urbanisation is much less rapid in MEDC's than LEDC's as a large majority of the population are already living in urban areas. The two main factors affecting urbanisation are migration, and natural growth. Firstly, the main reason for migration is 'push and pull' factors, and these in this case are things that attract them to urban areas, and things that push them away from the rural areas. Secondly, natural growth affects urbanisation because, in urban areas, there are more young people on the whole, giving birth, and therefore a higher birth rate, and lower death rate, due to easy access to hospitals and medication etc. ...read more.

Middle

These favelas are often hazardous in various ways. One of which is that there is often a lack of safe drinking water, which means people are forced to drink water that could well carry disease (e.g. malaria). Most favelas do not have an electrical supply, and those that do have illegal electricity, that is pirated from another line (this can cause fire, or even death). Many favelas do not contain a toilet, and this means a built up of sewage, which can also carry disease. There is also the matter of overcrowding in favelas, which means poor living conditions, and the spread of diseases such as tuberculosis. To try to improve these conditions there were various solutions carried out. Firstly, one idea is to improve the living conditions in the favelas, by a 'self help scheme'. This means that the government supplies building materials, water, electricity, toilets etc. However this can have the knock on effect that people will be attracted to the newly developed favela, and this can increase the problems of urbanisation. In response to this people are encouraged not to move from rural areas to urban areas, so that the urban area can properly develop. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to a rise in the proportion of people in Sao Paulo (urban area), there are subsequently more people driving a car, and also, more people using public transport. This means that there is often large traffic jams, and the average speed in the centre of Sao Paulo was once recorded at 4km/h. There is also a problem that comes with this, as due to the rise in traffic, people are waiting around a lot in their cars, giving off exhaust, meaning a lot of pollution is produced. The traffic problem was set out, by the government, to be improved by building new roads, and widening current roads to fit more cars on them. Another method was to defer people from using personal materials, by methods such as increasing petrol prices, and parking prices. The government then tried to encourage people to use public transport, by building much better transport links etc. Making a balance of these two transport methods means that there is less congestion, as it is not all channelled into one method. On the other hand there are a few good things that can come out of rapid urbanisation, such as facilities being built, schools, and transport etc. to accommodate for the rise in the proportion living in the urban areas. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Counter Urbanisation

    Suburbanisation 1) Explain the term 'suburbanised village'. A village that has adopted some of the characteristics (new housing estates, services etc.) of urban areas. 2) Read the information on the attached sheet about Thurston. Describe the location of Thurston. Thurston is a village in Suffolk situated about three miles East

  2. To what extent are the problems created by rapid recent urban growth in LEDC's ...

    the city that is extremely bad for your health; there is a high incidence of respiratory problems. Similar problems were seen in Manchester in the early 19th century where factory chimneys and domestic coal fires created a permanent blanket of smoke and acid rain creating numerous diseases including bronchitis, influenza, asthma and pneumonia.

  1. Road Traffic Accidents

    To date, statistics show that air bags reduce the risk of dying in a direct frontal crash by about 30 percent. Things to be aware of with Airbags * Seat belts should always be worn properly along side with using an air bag.

  2. What is meant by the term Urbanisation?

    Since 1950 this process has been occurring in MEDCs. The movement of people from rural to urban areas followed the industrial revolution when there was a great demand for people to work in the factories that developed in the CBD. However due to the ever increasing population in the centre, people are choosing to move away from the stress of city life in are moving to rural areas.

  1. The process of urbanisation in Australian history.

    During the 1850's the gold rushes bought the next influx of immigrants and Australia's population more than doubled over a period of ten years.16 In this time before 1860, population grew largely due to immigration rather than natural increase.

  2. Sao Paulo Research.

    where, besides bars playing forr´┐Ż music (typical from the north east part of Brazil), you can find most of the city's theatres. History of Sao Paulo In the beginning of the 16th century Brazil had just been discovered by the Portuguese, and the paulistano (from Sao Paulo)

  1. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    By 1348 the population was around 3.7 millions, by 1377 2.2 millions, by 1430 2.1 millions. It did not get back to mid fourteenth century levels until 1603 when it reached 3.8 millions. By 1690 it had reached 4.1 millions at which point it was again pressing on the limits of agricultural technology.

  2. Discuss the solutions implemented by governments of developing nations to deal with the issues ...

    For example, in a survey, 52% of the respondents in the survey lost someone to murder in 2000, but in 2004, this had been drastically reduced to 4%. Also, the CCTV has not only helped the police to find who is responsible for some criminal acts, but it has also significantly reduced crime rates.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work