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What were the causes and consequences of the demographic change between 1750 and 1900?

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Introduction

What were the causes and consequences of the demographic change between 1750 and 1900? Introduction Between 1750 and 1900 the population and its distribution changed dramatically, with the population rising by almost 700%. In this change, many people moved from rural areas to the towns, in search of jobs, this is one of the main demographic changes. In this essay I will be writing about the causes of this change and what the consequences were. Health, safety and laws A big part of the demographic change was due to the change in laws and taxes. With the removal of window tax, dwellings which had previously been dark, cold and damp, became brighter and this encouraged people to keep their homes cleaner. ...read more.

Middle

Improvement in drilling techniques led to the use of underground lakes to provide water for the people of London and other major cities. This water was available from pumps on the streets. The price of coal reduced, with this many people were able to heat their houses, making them warmer and dryer. The development of anesthetics and antiseptics made operations possible without disease. These factors combined led to an increase in the hygiene of the population as a whole. Edward Jenna created a vaccine against smallpox, this dramatically reduced the rate of death by smallpox. This was all possible because the people were represented by a Member of Parliament, who fought for the public's rights. All of this helped to increase the population. ...read more.

Conclusion

As these fields became enclosed, many farmers became involved in selective breeding. This involved only breeding from the best livestock, this resulted in individual animals producing more meat, wool or milk. As selective breeding was becoming more popular, the average weight of livestock increased. From seventeen fifty to nineteen hundred, the average weight of livestock doubled. With this selective breeding came more profit, as fewer animals were needed to produce a certain amount of meat. This was because there was more meat per animal. This is all relevant when talking about the demographic change as it moved many people to the cities in search for jobs, and made food readily available for the public. The change of transport in this period was of great significance to the agricultural revolution as it transported the food from rural to urban areas. Industrial Revolution ...read more.

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